How many words from a poem can be used as a title of a separate work of art before asking permission?
I understand that were a composer to create an orchestra piece inspired by a poem, but not using the text directly, that would not constitute a derivative work. (See this post here for why I believe that is the case.) Said composer would be free to share that his inspiration came from the poem without fear of infringing on the poet's rights.
But would the composer need to ask permission to give the piece a title that uses 6 or 7 words of the poem's text? For example, let's pretend that the poem was "I felt a funeral, in my brain." by Emily Dickinson. Could the composer call his creation "Then Space - began to toll" without infringing on Dickinson's rights as a poet? These 5 words are a small percentage of the poem but there are the actual text she created. (I know that Dickinson is public domain. I use her as an example because I don't dare post the actual poet's name until I am certain I'm not stepping on his rights. He is a well-known, living, and active poet in the US.)
I would love to use 7 words from his poem for my title. I'm hesitant to ask unless it's actually necessary, though. Due to his status, I'm sure I'd either be denied permission outright or told something like "yes, you may use these words as your title. Please send us $700."
So, is permission required for the 7 words I'd like to use?