India, unfortunately, has a history of communal violences mostly between two largest religious communities.

Violence due to separatism, casteism, terrorism etc also have similar histories.

There are many prejudices and biases which make many people justify such violent acts by not condemning them and saying thinks like —

  • They [other community] also did similar thing that time
  • They're against the nation
  • They need to be punished
  • They are invaders

And other similar remarks

Isn't this (justification of any violence) illegal in India?

1 Answer 1


Art. 19 of the Indian Constitution states that

(1) All citizens shall have the right (a) to freedom of speech and expression...

from which is follows that you may advance any argument that you want in support of an idea. The courts have never questioned this. There is a potential grey area regarding verbal acts that cause the use of violence, but in terms of presenting reasons that such-and-such acts are good (or bad), that form of expression is absolutely protected. The grey area comes from clause 2:

Nothing in sub clause (a) of clause (1) shall affect the operation of any existing law, or prevent the State from making any law, in so far as such law imposes reasonable restrictions on the exercise of the right conferred by the said sub clause in the interests of the sovereignty and integrity of India, the security of the State, friendly relations with foreign States, public order, decency or morality or in relation to contempt of court, defamation or incitement to an offence

whereby a law against inciting to violence might pass constitutional muster. "Justification" of an action is very different from "inciting" to do an act.

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