Since HIPAA is a U.S. law, my guess is that it only protects U.S. citizens or residents, but is there any part of the law that explicitly limits its protections to such persons? More practically, if a U.S. citizen consults with a doctor in England, is that doctor required to comply with HIPAA?

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    No, but if an English tourist consults a US doctor, that doctor is still bound by HIPAA, as I understand it. Jun 6, 2022 at 5:16
  • by "consults with a doctor in England" do you mean the patient is in England and is being consulted "physically" by a doctor there? Or are you thinking about tele-medicine where the patient is in the US and the doctor is in England?
    – GACy20
    Jun 6, 2022 at 12:31

1 Answer 1


HIPAA applies to covered entities

Which, broadly speaking are entities that provide health care in the USA regardless of where they might be based.

The nationality of the patient is irrelevant.

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