If one shouts at another as they pass "shame on you" "traitor" "how do you sleep at night"? Shouldn't these be protected expressions of perfectly reasonable antipathy based on one's moral appraisal of their conduct that should be safeguarded in a democratic society?
But they seem to also inherently be intended to make one grapple with the fact that others view their character as dishonourable, which could be said to be intended to inflict a degree of alarm or distress.
Do the words in the statute refer only to more significant forms of alarm like alarm at their physical safety? If it is only intended to encompass more severe forms then how do we know this? If not then can someone not stifle and limit another's expression simply by making widely known that they find another's political views alarming and distressing and then just being present? How is that reasonable?
Ultimately how are these two items defined?