Say person A makes a police report, and person B is present to overhear the statement of A. The police knows the fact B overhears the statement of A.
A makes false statements (negligent, reckless, willful, doesn't matter).
B then makes a statement, the same false statement as A.
The police knows the two statements were false, but this is probably also irrelevant.
Is there U.S. common law name of the rule or principle to separate those making the statements? Is there a name for a prohibition to prevent this sort of "adjustment" or even unintentional, subconscious bias?
Is it regulated by statute in California?
What jurisprudence exist to mandate the proper police conduct or prohibit the contrary?
To assert probable cause the police must be able to provide “"reliable information from a credible person” (Aguilar v. Texas (1964) 378 U.S. 108, 119)
The importance of credible witnesses shows in this case:
"Evidence can be "used to impeach" a witness even if the evidence is not itself admissible, even to impeach. For example, if Haws' notes record Elliott's hearsay reports of Dr. Brady's hearsay statements, then the notes themselves would not be admissible, even to impeach Dr. Brady. But if Dr. Brady's hearsay statements, reflected in the notes, contradict his in-court testimony, then the notes could be used to impeach Dr. Brady by leading the defense team to call Elliott to testify regarding Dr. Brady's prior inconsistent statements, which, as such, would not be hearsay." (Paradis v. Arave (9th Cir. 2001) 240 F.3d 1169, 1179)
On "mutual reinforcement of opinion":
"Furthermore, it appears the identification here was a product of "mutual reinforcement of opinion" among the witnesses ( Clemons v. United States (D.C. Cir. 1968) 408 F.2d 1230, 1241, 1245 fn. 16), and it is unclear from the record whether or not the girls could have independently identified the defendant. It is clear they did not do so. Furthermore, they were unable to do so at the ensuing lineup." (People v. Nation (1980) 26 Cal.3d 169, 180)