If I ✍️ a πŸ“„ using emojis instead of words, does that affect the validity of the πŸ“„?

Mary will only use the πŸ”‘ to open the front πŸšͺ of John's 🏑 in order to feed his 🐈. Mary will feed the 🐈 three times every day for one πŸ—“οΈ. John will pay Mary πŸ’―πŸ’².

What if an emoji is ambiguous? A contract to sell a πŸ”« could involve a firearm or a water gun, depending on fonts.

Of course, this isn't a good idea.

1 Answer 1



Written contracts do not have to be written in any particular language or character set. Purely visual contracts are used and are legally binding.

If a pictorial term is ambiguous it is resolved by the court the same way as a textual term would be.

  • How would the πŸ”« contract work if John sent Mary an offer to sell her a πŸ”« for $20 and Mary accepted the offer, but πŸ”« was a water gun on John's device and a firearm on Mary's?
    – Someone
    Aug 20, 2022 at 7:01
  • (assume that neither knew what it looked like on the other's device and each thought the other saw it the same way they did)
    – Someone
    Aug 20, 2022 at 7:03
  • 4
    The same way as if the contract said β€œgun” with the same misunderstanding- it would be void for mutual mistake
    – Dale M
    Aug 20, 2022 at 7:06
  • 2
    There was no meeting of minds in the gun/watergun icon dispute. That's why contracts usually specify quite detailed what is in the service. If I write a contract to sell you a box of... let's say McMaster Carr 92470A015, then that is one particular size of "18-8 Stainless Steel Phillips Rounded Head Screws for Sheet Metal" and not a Hex Nut or Hinge.
    – Trish
    Aug 20, 2022 at 10:45

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