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On TV and in books, you often see someone getting picked by the police, held/interrogated for several hours, until a lawyer appears and forces the police to release them. Is this realistic? How do they do that? The police obviously don't want to let the person go, so how does the lawyer convince them to do so? What would happen if they refused?

Also, what if the lawyer was the one being held? Could they use the same whatever-it-is from inside the holding cell, or do they have to be on the outside?

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    I think it's more of a case where Joe Everymen doesn't know the details of the laws concerning police questioning and arrests. Once a lawyer (who does know) shows up he can advise the guy about his rights and opens the option for a lawsuit because the police is (probably) holding the guy without cause. – ratchet freak Apr 6 '16 at 11:49
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The government must have reasonable suspicion to stop you and ask you questions.

The government must have probable cause to arrest you.

The government cannot question you if you have invoked your 5th Amendment rights

The government must release you if you post bail which is set by a magistrate in some cases but can be posted without conferring with a magistrate for many minor offenses for which the amount is set in advance.

Also, you can only be constitutionally held for a certain period of time without appearing before a court for an initial appearance at which you are charged and typically you have an attorney assigned for you if you cannot afford one.

Generally speaking a lawyer for a defendant will either post bail on behalf of the client, or will seek to invoke the client's 5th Amendment right to silence and 6th Amendment right to counsel (including the right of a lawyer to visit his client in jail) making further detention much less useful, while challenging law enforcement to articulate probable cause for the arrest with the implication that a civil lawsuit and suppression of evidence and loss of credibility with the local judge could follow if they fail to do so.

If the client is not brought before a court by the constitutional deadline (unusual, but not unheard of), the lawyer can bring this to the attention of the court and have the court demand that his client be brought before the court.

Of course, strictly speaking the defense lawyer can't force the police to do anything. Instead, the defense lawyer persuades the police to do something based upon what a court is likely to do, or has already done, as a result of their conduct so far.

Also, of course, it isn't always possible for a lawyer to get his client out of jail. If the police do have probable cause and the offense is not one for which bail is set in advance, it is not possible for the client to be released until bail is set by a judicial officer such as a magistrate and bail (if granted at all) is posted, which may be beyond the client's means in the case of a serious offense, particularly if the client is considered by the magistrate to be a flight risk.

On TV and books, the person that the police have arrested is usually someone that the police had no probable cause to arrest but suspect of a crime anyway, and the police usually fold when called on the fact that they lack probable cause by the lawyer. Less commonly, on TV and in books, the lawyer facilitates the payment of bail on behalf of his client.

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A lawyer cannot get his client out of jail just like that. However, a lawyer can halt interrogation by the mere fact of his assertion of his client's 5th amendment rights. In the federal system, a newly-arrested individual is to be brought before a federal magistrate within 24 hours. It is for that reason that most federal arrests take place on Fridays. This is to force the defendant to spend the weekend in jail. At that initial appearance, the prosecutor will have to show probable cause that the defendant has committed a crime. Since there hasn't been enough time to present the matter to a grand jury, the prosecutor will rely on a police report. If the police report on its face does not contain enough information to amount to probable cause, the magistrate might well order the individual released. Since 1984 the "absolute" right to bail went out the window. The government will, more often than not, ask for a pre-trial detention hearing to prevent the defendant from having a bond set. That hearing should be held within three days, but the defendant can ask for additional time to defend the hearing.

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    While informative, this doesn't really answer the question. In fact it begs the question: Why does a lawyer asserting his client's fifth amendment rights result in the detainee walking out, but the detainee asserting his own fifth amendment rights does not? – feetwet Apr 11 '16 at 13:37
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    A lawyer will usually be able to stop interrogation, but that doesn't mean that the client will be released. If the authorities have enough to charge, they will. The lawyer's assertion of rights does not "result in the detainee walking out." The detainee is released in the absence of probable cause, lawyer or no lawyer. – user26732 Apr 11 '16 at 19:02
  • So you're saying that in practice (as opposed to in theory or in fiction) the effect of a detainee saying, "I am not answering any questions, and I would like to leave" is the same as a lawyer showing up and making the same statement on behalf of the detainee. I.e., the police will always release or continue to detain the person based on their own considerations, not the presence or absence of a lawyer. – feetwet Apr 11 '16 at 19:09
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    "Am I under arrest? Am I free to go?" If yes you are and no you're not, then "I am not answering any questions without a lawyer." They need probable cause to hold you. They might have already applied for an arrest warrant before a magistrate who has already determined probable cause, but they might not have. Of course, a police officer would never lie about a detainee asking for a lawyer, right? – user26732 Apr 12 '16 at 20:18

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