I'm creating a project in Firebase and it's asking me to confirm this statement:

☐ I confirm that I will use Firebase exclusively for purposes relating to my trade, business, craft, or profession


(Firebase terms)

What does it mean? What am I not allowed to do?

I can only think of using Firebase for someone else's business, disallowing companies to make use of Firebase without a license.

  • Providing a link to any terms of service that include such a term would help, from their terms page I cannot find that text. I would read it that you are not allowed to use it for a hobby, but that does not make much sense.
    – User65535
    Aug 25, 2022 at 9:31
  • @User65535 : I added a screenshot. You can find the text right above the Continue button.
    – Bernat
    Aug 25, 2022 at 10:05
  • The statement is certifiably ambiguous, isn't it? Although absurd, the way it is stated could also mean that you are not allowed to use other software to develop your business, only Firebase. How do their lawyers allow such language?
    – OCDev
    Feb 1, 2023 at 14:16

1 Answer 1


This distinguishes you as a business user as opposed to a consumer. The specific wording comes from EU consumer rights law.

Consumers - ordinary members of the public who buy products and services - have certain legal rights that businesses don't. The theory is that what's going on when you buy a TV for your house is different from what's going on when you buy 1000 TVs for your hotel chain. The appropriate remedies and processes if you're dissatisfied are different. By asking you to identify yourself as not a consumer, the idea is that you wouldn't be able to use consumer rights law in the event you find Google's services to be defective, too expensive, not matching the advertising, etc.

In the UK's transposition of EU law, the onus is on the trader (Google) to prove that you are not a consumer, in any legal proceedings. If they can point to you ticking a box saying that you are not a consumer, the argument is much easier for them to make.

EU legislation using this phrase, or nearly, includes -

National legislation implementing these directives uses the same phrases in English. For example:

  • 2
    I'll wait a bit before accepting this answer, but words trade, business, craft, or profession seem pretty clarifying to me.
    – Bernat
    Aug 25, 2022 at 14:01

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