The claim has been made by Donald Trump and many others that the sitting President has the absolute right to declassify any documents he wishes. Leaving aside the issue of what procedure he would have to use or what evidence there would have to be to accept that a particular document was in fact declassified, I'm curious if it's really settled law that he has this power.
I can think of at least two cases where it would seem that he wouldn't have that power:
Congress has declared some information classified, for example information related to nuclear weapons. Is it settled law that Congress has no idependent power to declare something classified such that the President cannot revoke that status? As a co-equal branch that also has national security responsibilities of all kinds, it would seem quite odd to say that Congress needs the President to classify things for it or that the President can revoke a classification that originates with Congress.
The Constitution declares treaties ratified by Congress to have the power of Federal law, second only to the Constitution. Many classified documents are classified by the United States because their foreign sources declared them classified and our information sharing treaties require us to respect those designations. Is there really any reason to think the President can unilaterally revoke a classification designation imposed by a foreign power and that United States is obligated to honor by the operation of a treaty that the Constitution makes part of Federal law?