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What is the difference for that matter between "charging" and "prosecuting"?

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    It might be worth making explicit in the question that you're asking about the Crown Prosecution Service, rather than Child Protection Services...
    – nick012000
    Oct 2, 2022 at 9:22

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The charging guide outlines the division of charging responsibility between police and the Crown Prosecution Service:

  1. The police may charge:
  • Any summary only offence, irrespective of plea;
  • Any offence of retail theft (shoplifting) or attempted retail theft, irrespective of plea, provided it is suitable for sentence in the magistrates’ court; and
  • Any either way offence anticipated as a guilty plea and suitable for sentence in magistrates’ court;

Provided that this is not:

  • a case requiring the consent to prosecute of the DPP or Law Officer;
  • a case involving a death;
  • connected with terrorist activity or official secrets;
  • classified as Hate Crime or Domestic Abuse under CPS Policies;
  • a case of harassment or stalking;
  • an offence of Violent Disorder or Affray;
  • causing Grievous Bodily Harm or Wounding, or Actual Bodily Harm;
  • a Sexual Offences Act offence committed by or upon a person under 18;
  • an offence under the Licensing Act 2003.

Prosecutors make charging decisions in all cases not allocated to police.

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