Article III, Section 2, Clause 2 of the U.S. Constitution reads (in part):
In all Cases affecting Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, and those in which a State shall be Party, the supreme Court shall have original Jurisdiction.
On the other hand, 28 U.S.C. § 1251(b)(1) reads:
The Supreme Court shall have original but not exclusive jurisdiction of: All actions or proceedings to which ambassadors, other public ministers, consuls, or vice consuls of foreign states are parties
Is there any difference between a case affecting someone and a case to which someone is a party?
Has the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the word "affecting" (as used in the above quoted part of the Constitution) shall be interpreted only as being a party to a case?