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Say, I live in America, my family are in Turkey. If I download anime songs like this from youtube, then I send them to my family, is this illegal? If it is, and someone sue me, what would be the sentence?

Does it make any change if the medium contains cartoon scenes like this?(Note that the earlier sample doesn't, it just contains a still picture.) What if it only contains the photo of the singer like this?

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  • This is only a hypothetical situation.
    – Michael
    Jan 31, 2023 at 4:54
  • Assuming a private person A sends to a private person B and they don't redistribute it in any way, even if it is technically actionable it is highly unlikely that anything would result of it.
    – Alan
    Jan 31, 2023 at 6:55

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Let's examine some laws that may apply to your case

Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA)

There are criminal penalties for willful infringement for personal financial gain. If you are only sending it to one family member through a private communication (eg not posting it publicly) and not selling it and one copy of the music video has a retail value of $1,000 or less then there will be no criminal penalties. But you may be liable for civil penalties.

Computer Fraud and Abuse Act (CFAA)

Courts have ruled that ToS violations do not constitute unauthorized access (or exceeding access) so you aren't in violation of the CFAA

Civil Liability

By downloading a video off of YouTube you are in violation of their ToS. There isn't enough prior case law for me to tell you the outcome here. You may be committing some sort of civil wrong by the act of downloading. In addition, you are distributing a copyrighted work without permission which would open you to more civil penalties.

The real question is how likely is it for this to be enforced? Not likely.

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  • What about the ones who receive the videos?
    – Michael
    Jan 31, 2023 at 3:56

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