I was reading this blog post which states:
The good news is that the courts classify the eviction process as a “summary action,” meaning that it is about as quick a legal process as can be. There is no discovery allowed, and the tenants do not have the opportunity to submit an answer and/or counterclaim. The primary issue at hand is simply whether or not the tenant owes money to the landlord.
If a landlord files a suit to evict a tenant due to nonpayment of rent & the tenant overpaid rent in previous months, can the tenant file a counterclaim against the landlord and ask the court to consolidate the two claims in order to prevent eviction? Or is the tenant required to pay the full amount owed and then file a separate lawsuit against the landlord to collect the amount overpaid?