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One of those instances where unfortunately there's not much to expand in this question apart from what's in the title.

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A body corporate is another name for a company

Companies incorporated under the Companies Act or a foreign company.

This definition is particular to the UK - in other jurisdictions it is more widely defined to be synonymous with legal person and in others it can be even narrower than in the UK

A corporation sole is a legal person that is embodied in a particular individual

They are most commonly found in ecclesiastical and government officers to enable continuity and a smooth transition of assets, liabilities, and power when the holders of the office change.

So, for example, the Chancellor of the Exchequer is a corporation sole. When you want to sue the treasury, you file suit against the Chancellor. At present, the current Chancellor is Jeremy Hunt (although, UK politics being what they are this may have changed by the time I post this). Jeremy is the Chancellor but only for so long as he holds the position, the Chancellor as corporation sole continues to exist no matter who has the role or even if it is temporarily empty.

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