Dropbox and other cloud storage solutions have become popular over the last few years. Storj's decentralized network model may be the future of cloud storage.

I'm considering a similar approach to decentralized file hosting. Website owners would pay a fee to host their files on my network, which would be paid out to hosts on my network. Uploads would be anonymous and encrypted; neither myself nor my hosts could identify the contents.

Anybody who downloads illegal content from my network would be able to see the IP addresses of connecting hosts. Could legal action be brought against my hosts?

Similarly, if an internet proxy is used to access illegal content, can legal action be brought against that proxy?

1 Answer 1


If a person illegally uploads material to a service provider, the service provider is in principle liable for contributory infringement. However, there are those "safe harbors" that reduce the probability of getting legally hammered. The relevant law is in 17 USC 512, which I must point out, is a masterpiece of un-integrated conceptual complexity. Some of the most important themes to be distilled from the law is that to be safe, you have to be unaware of the infringement and you must have specified procedures for taking down infringing material.

IMO the central practical question is, how does this future service differ from existing services like YouTube, and does that difference create greater liability. When it comes time to actually market this product, an DMCA-savvy IP attorney is called for. At the stage of thinking about it, what is probably most important is retaining and exercising the ability to actively and actually responding to takedown notices (see 17 USC 512(c)(1)(C)). If I send you the form telling you that one of your servers infringed my copyright, it better be dealt with quickly ("expeditiously", currently undefined), and you can't say "Sorry, it's out of our control".

As for proxy servers, as I understand it, that is covered by the Transitory Network Communications Safe Harbor, section 512(a), which foregoes the takedown requirements but adds "we had no control" conditions that are generally the case for proxy servers.

  • Although it would be impossible to know if a host is using my network to distribute the file, or just distributing the file on their own... this is the nature of my anonymous and encrypted system.
    – skibulk
    May 6, 2016 at 21:44

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