The European convention of human rights has “protocols” to it. What essentially are these?

1 Answer 1


The protocols are listed and linked in this pdf. It also explains:

Over the last 50 years additional protocols have been repealed, integrated into the Convention or replaced, and today, the text of the ECHR contains the basic version as amended by Protocol 11 and 14, and 8 other protocols: the Additional Protocol (also called "Protocol No. 1") and Protocols Nos. 4, 6, 7,12, 13, 15 and 16.

No protocol is the same. To understand what one is and its relationship to a related treaty, you need to read it. For example Protocol 1 directly says:

As between the High Contracting Parties the provisions of Articles 1, 2, 3 and 4 of this Protocol shall be regarded as additional articles to the Convention and all the provisions of the Convention shall apply accordingly.

  • But what ARE “protocols”? Mar 26, 2023 at 1:17
  • Why are they called protocols though? Mar 26, 2023 at 2:36
  • 1
    @Seekinganswers That’s just a common term for new agreements added to a treaty regime.
    – cpast
    Mar 26, 2023 at 3:18

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