Many of the processes for navigating a court can be found online in the state or federal code and rules that govern the court. But not all of them.
I tried the following test: Imagine I'm involved in a federal criminal trial and I think the court made a mistake of law in a ruling. I want to get the court to consider my observation. So first I tried to find an enumeration of filings that can be made before a court in criminal cases. The closest I came was this list of motions that must be made before trial. Is there a more broad list of all types of motions and petitions that can be made before a federal criminal court?
Now, I happen to know that there is a process for requesting a reconsideration based on mistakes of law. But is it a Petition or a Motion? And what rules apply? Again: both a general web search and a search of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure came up empty. So am I missing something or is this sort of process information actually obscured?
(Except in fringe cases these things are likely well known by judges and lawyers practicing in the venue, but in principle the courts and their process are supposed to be accessible by any citizen.)
(Also, thinking that perhaps the criminal side presumes that every involved party has counsel I did a similar search on the federal civil side and had no more luck in this example.)
Clarification: Both answers so far focused on the substance of my hypothetical example. But the example was just given to inform the question, which is: Does there exist a list of all types of motions and petitions that can be made before a court, ideally that clarifies which are allowed at each stage of process?