These sites certainly send bots out that copy the entirety of websites by stepping through links and then store the entirety of websites in databases.
Then they show any part of a quote from a website when someone searches for that quote by almost certainly searching through databases that they own, and finding results.
Is this allowed Internationally and in the USA because of "Fair Use" and "Fair Dealing"?
I found a few potentially relevant cases:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Authors_Guild,_Inc._v._Google,_Inc.#Impact https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hachette_v._Internet_Archive https://www.publishersweekly.com/pw/by-topic/digital/copyright/article/54321-in-hathitrust-ruling-judge-says-google-scanning-is-fair-use.html https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Authors_Guild,_Inc._v._HathiTrust https://cases.justia.com/federal/district-courts/new-york/nysdce/1:2011cv06351/384619/156/0.pdf
Seems like the Search Engine defense has something to do with "re"-"search", "search", "education", "school", "investigation", etc. where it's possible to copy an entire website, book, etc. as long as it's for one of those purposes.
In the same line of thinking, seems like someone could copy and store any video, audio, 3d blueprint, etc.
Then, under the pretense of being a start up endeavor that someday might be for "scholarly", "investigative", or "search" purposes.
- they could create unlimited copies of that "data",
- they could share that "data" in it's entirety with anyone who is a shareholder of their (pre-ipo) company, which could literally be everyone in the world,
- they could share a part of that "data" with anyone who asks as long as it is transformed in some way, like a audio eq, video color shift, or something (where obviously AI/ML or something is utilized for search)
Am I correct in reaching that ^ conclusion? And if not, where is the line?
It seems like 2023 copyright essentially guarantees the copyright holder nothing except the ability to directly collect money from the act of giving someone a complete copy of a work.