Pretend someone in England (United Kingdom) sends a message containing racist words to another person in the same jurisdiction. They are later reported to the police and arrested, I would assume under the Malicious Communications Act.
The police and prosecution need the messages to ensure a successful prosecution, so they contact an American company called Snapchat and request the messages using a Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty request (MLAT request).
I am curious to understand how an MLAT, or any other approach I might not know about, would work in this scenario. This is because in the United States of America there is no crime when someone uses racist words (spoken in general not directed at a person) online.
Dual criminality: The requirement for dual criminality is limited to certain types of requests. In general, a conduct-based approach is taken, i.e., the conduct underlying the alleged offence is considered, rather than seeking to match the exact same offence category in both jurisdictions.
Based on the above MLA report, it seems there is no exact same offence and there is no similar conduct underlying the alleged offence...
Would the United States of America, and subsequently the company that owns the application called Snapchat, have to comply with the MLAT request requesting the messages sent and other information?