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From what I understand, UN security council resolutions are binding, in contrast to general assembly resolutions which are not. This fine page from Cambridge, which is a body that is generally trusted in the field, states:

UN Security Council Resolution 242, adopted after the June 1967 Six Day War, was a non-binding recommendation for settling the Arab-Israel conflict.

Was UN security council resolution 242 binding or not? If not, why not? If partially, which parts, and why? If it was binding only on certain parties, on which parties, and why?

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Resolution 242 was adopted under Chapter VI (not Chapter VII) of the UN Charter (see Security Council Official Record S/PV.1382, 22 November 1967).

There is an advisory opinion from the International Court of Justice (Legal Consequences for States of the Continued Presence of South Africa in Namibia (South West Africa) notwithstanding Security Council Resolution 276 (1970), Advisory Opinion, 1971) that all U.N. Security Council resolutions are binding.

But, there is disagreement on this point from international law scholars, and the Security Council itself does not treat its resolutions outside of Chapter VII to be binding (see Frowein, Jochen Abr. Völkerrecht – Menschenrechte – Verfassungsfragen Deutschlands und Europas, Springer, 2004, p. 58; as cited and translated at Wikipedia: United Nations resolution, footnote 4).

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  • I see, thank you!
    – dotancohen
    Commented Oct 24, 2023 at 16:24
  • "the Security Council itself does not treat its resolutions outside of Chapter VII to be binding" I don't believe the SC distinguished between chapter VI and VII resolutions at all in 1967. That didn't become common practice until the 1990s. Commented Apr 16 at 19:20

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