United States court cases are commonly cited like this:
Obergefell v. Hodges, 576 U.S. ___ (2015)
So... what is "___" here?
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This is a citation of a slip opinion, an opinion that has not yet been bound into a volume. A permanent reference is not yet possible, so the blank lines serve as placeholders for the information that will be added when it becomes available.
For this reason, the page number of the slip opinion is provided, when it is required, in parentheses after the placeholder citation. For example:
See United States v. Windsor, 570 U. S. _, _ (2013) (ALITO, J., dissenting) (slip op., at 7).