Before the RICO statute was passed, has there ever been any attempts to treat armed criminal organizations as forms of rebellion?
It is sometimes said (regardless of whether it is true) that crime went down in Chicago when Al Capone was in charge. But that would mean that Al Capone acted as a rebel government would it not?
Is this an issue of there not being a law to handle it? Because the Constitution clearly authorizes the government to treat certain armed entities as rebels by saying in Article I, Section 9, Clause 2
The Privilege of the Writ of Habeas Corpus shall not be suspended, unless when in Cases of Rebellion or Invasion the public Safety may require it.
If someone like Al Capone was running a government-like organization, then he could have been treated as a rebel, could he not? Was this, or any similar legal theory, ever tested in courts?