Questions tagged [academia]

The environment or community concerned with the pursuit of research, education, and scholarship.

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May a UK academic employer ask the latest pay slip of my current Canadian job?

As a postdoc in a Canadian institution, I have been offered a lecturer position in UK. In the offer email I have received, one clause reads as follows: Please could you provide evidence of your ...
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1 answer
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Academic or credential fraud

I recently found out that a professor in a graduate program forged diplomas and claimed to have a PhD, when in fact they do not. This professor is earning more more than other professors that ...
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2 answers
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Future supervisor changes author order before submitting grant application

In 2020, I started to work on a grant proposal for a 2-year postdoc. After 2 months, I was told by my prospective supervisor that the proposal was so good, that it could become a 3-year project and ...
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2 answers
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What intellectual property rights are being surrendered with this contract?

Alice has worked for an quango/academic organisation “The Establishment”, which is part of a larger “Wider Establishment” for some years. She was recently made redundant on pretty good terms and ...
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Does the GDPR apply to reference managers?

Reference managers are software products that record the details of scientific papers that one interacts with. All academics and many others use them as a crucial tool of their work. Common examples ...
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A lawyer with an E&E Engineering Degree with no Background in Intellectual Property

I am a lawyer with an E&E Engineering Degree and want to do Intellectual Property work online (Upwork & Fiverr) however I have no experience in the field. I want to learn as much as possible ...
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1 answer
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Is this an example of first amendment being violated in a public university in the US?

A while ago, a graduate school official in a public university in the US sent me this email message: Obtaining permissions and approvals - If you have co-authors or co-researchers you must ask their ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Being asked to start teaching before being employed as a new faculty

Suppose that a non-US person F is scheduled to join a US university as a teaching-focused faculty member. F's official starting is set to be January 4th and, at that university, classes start in the ...
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3 votes
0 answers
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Are gender-quotas lawful for academic funding bodies in the UK?

Background I am an academic, working in an interdisciplinary field. The UK's National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) is a United Kingdom government agency which funds research into health and ...
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1 answer
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Alabama: College refusing to award Minor due to unclear/vague wording in policy

Location: Alabama, USA. I have recently completed all coursework required for my degree, including a cluster in (name changed) Basketweaving. A cluster consists of 6 specified courses (it is ...
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1 vote
2 answers
364 views

What are the legal ramifications of using Post Nominal Letters from a degree mill?

Background This question was sparked by a question about firing an employee with a B.A. from a degree mill To my knowledge, using protected post nominal letters that are related to a professional ...
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3 answers
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Studying European legislation after Brexit

I am reading the book "Legal Skills" by Emily Finch and Stefan Fafinski. I reached the section on EU legislation. Although this book is a new edition, it was written when the UK was still a ...
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13 votes
3 answers
5k views

Is PI legally allowed to require their PhD student/Post-docs to pick up their kids from school?

Assuming that I'm a PhD student/Post-doc, what kind of tasks are the principal investigator(PI) - i.e the group leader - legally allowed to ask me to perform? For example, is s/he legally allowed to ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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May an employer legally terminate a contract, should the planned funding supporting that contract cease to exist?

A Canadian university issues job offers for its post-doctoral fellows according to a template in which one reads: This appointment is a term appointment from [date] to [date], and is funded, at least ...
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-3 votes
2 answers
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Misrepresenting Academic Credential [closed]

In one of her TEDx Talks (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QQTUtBJE5fs), a Stanford professor of Math Education, Jo Boaler, claimed to be a "mathematician" when in fact, her work lies solely ...
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5 votes
1 answer
162 views

How to refer to Supreme Court cases by just one name

I'm writing a paper for my high school U.S. History class, and I want to refer to certain Supreme Court cases by just one name after my first naming of the case (for example, I want to refer to Rucho ...
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1 answer
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Academic Use of Microsoft Software

I'm hoping to use software from the Windows 10 Operating System in an academic research project. I'm struggling to understand some of the wording in the terms found here: https://www.microsoft.com/en-...
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1 answer
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Am I able to use textbook questions, for commercial purpose in India?

There is a demand for solutions of textbook questions, whose solution manuals are not available online. Let's say I want to start a business creating banks of answers to the questions in these ...
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1 answer
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Negligent supervision in a Canadian graduate university program - legal remedy?

The Faculty of Graduate Studies handbook at my Canadian university provides clear guidelines for what supervisors and committees are expected to do. The supervisor in question has been delinquent with ...
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0 votes
3 answers
146 views

What laws would be broken if a university professor accepted money in exchange for better grades?

Suppose a student in an ordinary university offered $100 to his professor (or Teaching Assistant) in exchange for a five percentage point improvement in his grade. Suppose the professor/TA accepted it ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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Is it legal to advertise private paid labor over academic email?

Is it legal for a public university employee to advertise private paid labor over an academic email sent to other university employees? Would this issue be university-specific, in the US, or is there ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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Are there legal barriers to academic departments in the US choosing to act themselves in cases of sexual harassment or related incidents?

My understanding of Title IX is that it is a federal law that requires, among other organizations, universities, to ensure that women are not denied equal opportunities. In order to ensure ...
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2 answers
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Outsourcing papers and other homework and screen sharing to India?

There are two cheating scenarios 1) In person 2) Online How are these cheating scenarios treated differently in academia?
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0 answers
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Does printing several journal articles for a friend run afoul of copyright law?

I am a graduate student. For a fellow graduate student's upcoming birthday, I wanted to give him a collection of seminal papers in his field. The idea was to print a collection of 10 papers, totaling ...
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1 vote
0 answers
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To achieve ECTS credits at my school a student is forced to drop his/her right of privacy

Some background about the situation: I attend a vocational university (university of applied sciences) I live in the Netherlands - Europe We have a mandatory activity that provides us with ECTS ...
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1 vote
2 answers
660 views

May a college remove a degree plan without letting students graduate without that degree?

I attended an art school that is part of the UT System, and they removed my degree plan a year after I joined and started removing the classes required to graduate. They informed that I would be able ...
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3 votes
1 answer
116 views

Can a professor patent and license a technology if the development used software with non-commerical license?

Suppose a professor or student at a university uses software like Rosetta (a protein folding software) for their research. Rosetta has free academic licenses as well as paid commercial licenses ...
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2 answers
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What copyright terminology do I need to include in my thesis (for a new encryption algorithm)?

I'm about to publish a thesis on a new encryption algorithm I devised, and was told by my Committee Chair that I would need to include: A copyright page - to safeguard my work from being patented by ...
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2 votes
0 answers
479 views

"Reading up" law?

I am currently taking an undergraduate Introduction to International Law course. In an email to the students regarding an upcoming case brief, my professor clarified that one part of the rationale ...
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1 answer
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How do I calculate damages for educational misconduct?

I have an issue with my university. After 3 years of PhD research, I have presented to my examiners a out-of-format interdisciplinary research, as agreed with my supervisor. Unfortunately, my ...
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2 votes
1 answer
4k views

Is modifying an academic transcript illegal?

On my University of Washington unofficial transcript, it says ANY ALTERATION OR MODIFICATION OF THIS RECORD OR ANY COPY THEREOF MAY CONSTITUTE A FELONY AND/OR LEAD TO STUDENT DISCIPLINARY ...
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48 votes
9 answers
38k views

Can I terminate an employee for qualifying for a job through a "degree mill?"

We have recently put together an HR unit, which reviewed all our employees and found that one has an unsatisfactory qualification (BA in Public Relations from an unaccredited college). HR suggested ...
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2 answers
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GDPR vs. Copyright for a recommendation letter

Spurred by a discussion on academia.se: suppose prof. X writes a letter of recommendation for her student mr. Y, and sends it to university Z through an on-line system. Then, the student mr. Y writes ...
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0 votes
2 answers
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Can this be considered as a case of fraud?

I recently got into an argument regarding whether submitting the following letter to an instituition could be regarded as a fraud: To Whomsover It May Concern This is to certify that X is pursuing ...
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2 votes
1 answer
108 views

Banning person from a city

Suppose a UK university allows students to intermit for a year, and then return to continue their studies on the basis that they do not enter the city in which the university is based during that time....
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2 votes
2 answers
313 views

Can academics break the law with their research?

Are there any U.S. or U.K. laws that prevent academic research papers or journals from being published? Can academics outline the methodology of illegal activities? For example, could a computer ...
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What automatic citation/bibliography programs are well-designed for law papers?

I have tried Mendeley for citations and bibliography for writing law papers at my university, but it seems not to be designed for legal citations. For example, when I want to add a Case file as an ...
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3 votes
1 answer
715 views

What type of lawyer would I need to help me deal with issues of academic misconduct?

What can stop a university from doing whatever they want and screwing students over in terms of accusing them of cheating, plagiarism, or a misunderstanding of professor authorization of essay re-...
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0 votes
1 answer
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What type of lawyer (criminal, civil, family, etc.) would I need to help me deal with issues of academic misconduct? [duplicate]

What can stop a university from doing whatever they want and screwing students over in terms of accusing them of cheating, plagiarism, or a misunderstanding of professor authorization of essay re-...
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2 votes
1 answer
71 views

If I want to become a law professor after working at a law firm for a few years, does it matter what my practice area is at the firm?

I'm not even in law school yet, so I'm thinking way ahead here, but I'm curious. Suppose I want to teach constitutional law. Will it matter if most of the work I've done in private practice is ...
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1 answer
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Academic Judicial Affairs

I was asked to appear to the Judicial Affairs office at my University. Although innocent, they slapped me with "cheating" and "lewd conduct" -- amongst other charges I am unaware of (and are ...
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2 votes
2 answers
157 views

What are the legalities of online research involving illegal services?

I want to do a thesis paper involving illegal online resources. I don't want to be persecuted for these things though. What are some of the steps I would need to take to legitimately go about ...
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1 answer
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Is a Masters thesis in the public domain?

Is a Master's thesis submitted to the University of California Berkeley in the public domain (i.e., can be shared publicly by a person in USA on the internet without asking anybody's permission)?
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1 vote
2 answers
220 views

Can I create a (openly) fictional university online? What restrictions apply?

I am considering writing some stories, which in part revolve around a fictional university. In that regard, I would like to set up a website for the university, complete with course catalogue and all ...
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3 votes
1 answer
237 views

No break clause in academic contract

I came across a mention of a "no break clause" in academic contracts, i.e. a clause in working contract by which an academic is liable to a penalty if they terminate their contract before the end of a ...
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0 votes
1 answer
174 views

Can I share an academic article with people who contact me via email after they have seen my web annotation?

Am I allowed to share an academic journal article (e.g. downloaded from ScienceDirect) with people who contact me via email through a Hypothesis annotation that I left on the web page of the ...
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1 vote
0 answers
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On a French diploma, why are some decrees timestamped, while others are not?

I have noticed that on some French diploma, some decrees timestamped, while others are not. Why? Example In the red rectangle, the first line refers to a decree without mentioning its date, while ...
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3 votes
1 answer
144 views

Is consent required by law to take a picture or to record audio / video of a conference talk?

Is consent required by law to take a picture or to record audio / video of a conference talk? Assume that the conference does not explicitly prohibit unauthorized audio and visual recordings of the ...
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4 votes
2 answers
153 views

What makes a legal question "hard"?

When someone says another person has a brilliant legal mind, I assume that means the person is well suited for hard legal questions. I think mathematicians and logicians have a systematic way of ...
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5 votes
1 answer
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Are there any restrictions on "Open Access" material?

A video on Wikipedia claims that Open Access articles come with "full reuse rights" (sections 0:04 and 5:38). Are Open Access articles as open as public domain works? Is the definition of the ...
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