Questions tagged [bench-trial]

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1answer
2k views

Any solid research on error rate of criminal conviction system: jury vs judges?

To my knowledge most countries use one of two systems for determining the guilt of the accused in criminal cases: “jury of your peers” (who don’t have to justify their decision) vs “judg(es), possibly ...
5
votes
3answers
242 views

When and why are jury trials preferred to bench trials of criminal charges?

A jury trial consists of a judge, who is the arbiter of law, and a jury, which is the "fact-finder." A bench trial consists only of a judge, who determines questions of both law and fact to ...
1
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1answer
11k views

Under what circumstances do civil cases go before juries in the U.S.?

In a criminal case, per Rule 23, either party may demand a jury trial (and the defendant usually does). A civil case, however, is often decided by a "bench" (judge) trial. Under what circumstances ...