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Questions tagged [canada]

For questions specific to Canada as a whole, or that span multiple provincial and territorial jurisdictions.

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8 views

How does an 'authorized representative' work?

I recently moved out of a rental home and I strongly believe the landlord owes me more money. I asked her for prorated rent given that I moved out early per her request/demand. She has declined this ...
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1answer
67 views

Is attempting to steal a crime in Canada?

If someone attempted to steal something from a company and then was caught in the process and never actually got to steal the item, is that punishable by law in Canada? The company is in the U.S. the ...
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15 views

Do provincial Freedom of Information acts exist because of a federal requirement?

All Canadian provinces and territories have their own FOIA. However, as far as I can tell, there is no federal mandate that requires this. Is each province/territory acting out of the goodness of ...
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57 views

Why can't governments ban the production of faulty medical devices?

I was going through the case of recent DePuy Pinnacle lawsuit. DEPUY PINNACLE HIP, a subsidiary of Johnson and Johnson, has been penalized with $245 million by a Texas Federal Judge. The claim was ...
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1answer
46 views

When can someone legally act on the behalf of another person?

I moved out of my rental home and the landlord has not returned my security deposit. It would appear that the landlord is trying to avoid me and have her friend (who is apparently a lawyer) do all the ...
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1answer
36 views

What does 'duty to devote full time' mean?

In a work contract there is the following term Duty to Devote Full Time The Employee agrees to devote full-time efforts, as an employee of the Employer, to the employment duties and ...
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1answer
33 views

Is it legal to shoot a bow and arrow inside the limits of an urban municipality in Alberta?

I've been searching this for some time now, and so far it appears that there are no laws in Canada that prohibit shooting a arrow from a bow (with the exception of prohibited cross-bows) under the ...
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24 views

In which countries can police fingerprint records be destroyed on suspect's demand?

Apparently in Canada: Your fingerprints and photos will be kept as police records. If you're not convicted of the offence, you can ask the police to destroy your fingerprint records and photos. ...
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1answer
85 views

Can a medical invoice that was disputed collect interest and be due years later?

This is a bit embarrassing. A couple years ago I had been seeing a specialist doctor. I had been a victim of a crime, so the city/police department was paying for my treatment. It had been my ...
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46 views

Is it legal to disclose border officers' laziness/slackness?

I went to one of the Canada/US border offices to renew my Canadian work permit. Some officers there were not quite concentrated on their duties, but spent time on chatting/laughing while processing ...
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1answer
81 views

What are your legal responsibilities after the police have been called?

I was placed in an awkward situation recently where our neighbor called the cops on us. For reference sake, he was calling regarding a suspected domestic disturbance which occurred in the home behind ...
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0answers
80 views

Signed a leased for one room, never moved in. What are my rights?

I'm in a rather unpleasant situation. I've rushed into signing a lease for one room for July 1st on June 30 for one year. Three days later I informed the landlord I will not occupy the room and asked ...
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2answers
135 views

I suspect bait-and-switch selling, what can I do as a consumer?

I’ll keep this as generic as possible in terms of which store and which products were involved, but here’s the situation: Location, product(s) and retailer: I’m in Canada, the seller is a chain ...
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1answer
36 views

Is it legal or illegal to record my communication with my landlord in public parking area in Canada? [duplicate]

Is it legal or illegal to record my communication with my landlord in public parking area in Canada? if I didn't tell my landlord that I am going to record. if I tell my landlord I am recording but ...
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1answer
60 views

Can a company print the wrong Net. Weight on a product?

Are companies allowed to use old packaging (900g) on their new product which is (650g)? Here's the story. The product is a pita bread. My dad started buying this brand since it weighs more and costs ...
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1answer
35 views

Public figure status in Canadian defamation law

Earlier this month the controversial professor Jordan Peterson of the University of Toronto became the plaintiff in a slander suit against a professor at Wilfred Laurier University. If this were in ...
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1answer
549 views

Why might Eric Abramovitz not be able to collect his damages from Jennifer Lee?

Eric Abramovitz is a talented clarinetist whose girlfriend, Jennifer Lee, accessed his email account to decline a once-in-a-lifetime scholarship and opportunity to study under Yehuda Gilad, a world-...
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1answer
57 views

Strata corporation installing keyless entry system and logging entrance times/dates

My concern is the strata is forcing people to sign for specified id numbers this information is then stored so they know who enters the building when and how often. I am an owner and I believe I ...
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1answer
60 views

Under what conditions can a married couple not be considered (or be considered) co-defendants?

I apologize if the question is a bit vague but I was hoping a general answer might help people in the future. My wife and I were recently charged in a municipal case that involved a co-owned property ...
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1answer
44 views

Asbestos Containing Material in Toronto apartment

I'm moving to a new building in Toronto, and received this letter: In 2005, the Ontario government introduced a new regulation under the Occupational Health and Safety Act regulating the ...
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1answer
81 views

Is it illegal to post an “owner is armed” sign in Canada?

I've been watching a TV show about border security in Canada and in the episode a border officer mentions that posting an "owner is armed" sign inside your vehicle. Is this true and if so, what law is ...
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0answers
53 views

Is it legal to use a surveillance system in the private area of a rented home?

I am renting a room in a shared house. On a couple occasions I caught the landlord entering my room without giving any notice. He had feasible excuses, like repairing the dresser in my room, but he ...
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0answers
30 views

Can an accountant back charge for services that were labeled as free before?

An accountant's client required an advice. The accountant did not charge for a quick consultation and claimed it was a courtesy to the client. A year later, the client discontinues the relationship ...
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0answers
9 views

Apply for Canadian Visa while being in US from another country

A friend of mine is attending a Masters program in USA. He is also applying for internships and has been shown interest from a reputed institution in Canada. What is the process to apply for ...
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1answer
49 views

What is the charge if you erase digital information that was subpoenaed?

First off I’ll let you know that this would apply for Canada. Here’s the scenario: You own a server which is used to host a secure and encrypted message website/app. Say there is possible evidence ...
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16 views

What is the minimum distance required between a clothes dryer vent and a window?

I tried looking here: http://buildingcode.online/841.html but couldn't find anything related to clothes dryer vent clearance from tenant dwelling openings. Any advice is appreciated. Thanks in ...
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3answers
100 views

Can a landlord enter common rooms, in a house that is leased individually room by room, without notice?

I live in a large house shared with several roommates. We each have our own lease with the landlord. The landlord has been letting himself into the house frequently with no explanation. I was under ...
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2answers
95 views

Is there a recorded instance of Canada refusing to enforce a USA court order?

Has there been a case where a Canadian court refused to enforce a court order from the United States?
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18 views

What're the drawbacks of uniformising the names of Canada's Superior Provincial Courts?

Source: Introduction to The Study of Law (8 edn, 2016), p. 103 Top. SUPERIOR PROVINCIAL COURTS   The key to the Canadian court system is the superior court of general jurisdiction in each ...
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41 views

In Canada and England & Wales, why' 'versus' pronounced as 'and'?

Source: Introduction to The Study of Law (8 edn, 2016), p. 11 Middle. THE LANGUAGE Of LITIGATION   The parties to an ordinary civil action are called the plaintiff and defendant ...
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1answer
45 views

Opening a daycare near previous employment

Location: Canada, Ontario Background: A friend got a one-year contract to work at a daycare from June 2017 to June 2018, but was let go after working two months. Key things on the employment ...
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1answer
100 views

I made a software version of a semi-popular board game for free. Is that legal? [duplicate]

All the code is 100% my own - I made it for practice, and to showcase my abilities to potential employers. To facilitate this, I want to release the code open source on GitHub. I credit the game's ...
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1answer
15 views

Why would I need a section 85 roll over in Canada during incorporation?

I want to incorporate in Canada, and a law student told me I should do a "section 85 roll over" to transfer the cash I want to use to operate my corporation. its not a lot of cash, just 40-50k, but ...
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1answer
81 views

Can you escape a contract if a business mistreated its other customers?

My dad with severe mental illness bought an airline ticket. The airline then maltreated passengers, which caused him to choose to not fly the return leg. Is the airline obligated to return half of his ...
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1answer
158 views

Must you stop walking if a police officer wants to talk to you?

I know a person has a right to silence and not to answer an officers questions. But can the officer keep trying to talk to you to prevent you from carrying on your way? Yesterday a police car pulled ...
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1answer
71 views

Why did s 92(14) (of the Constitution Act, 1867) permit Provincial Superior Courts to adjudicate some matters falling under federal legislative power?

Source: Introduction to Law in Canada (2014). p. 173 Bottom. Superior Courts Like the inferior courts, the superior courts fall into two categories: provincial/territorial and federal. ...
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2answers
197 views

Is it legal to live on commercial property?

I live in Grande Prairie, Alberta, and I noticed that some commercial properties in town are very affordable. I don't plan on starting a business nor do I plan on trying within this year. I did try ...
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0answers
60 views

To what extent can a spouse assist in a legal case?

My spouse has been named in a statement of offence by a municipal court. If found guilty, the charge would result in a fine that would ultimately affect us both. I was, in fact, witness to the event (...
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2answers
52 views

Word for legal counsel/representative

I'm representing my wife in a minor legal case (I'm more comfortable with the formal aspects than she is), but I'd rather avoid describing myself as the husband of the accused. Is there a more formal ...
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1answer
76 views

Can I build an iPhone app that generates cryptocurrency income without the user's consent or knowledge?

I had an idea of an iPhone app but I'm not sure if the methods are entirely legal, for that reason I thought id come here to ask. Where I live in Canada it can get pretty cold so I had the idea of ...
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0answers
48 views

What does the phrase “…is well founded in fact and in law” mean?

I have a basic question that stems purely from curiosity. It might be important to mention that I am not a lawyer nor a student of law. I have read multiple pleadings in which some of them end with a ...
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3answers
257 views

Is British Columbia violating the 1949 Geneva Convention on Road Traffic by requiring foreign drivers to exchange their license within three months?

According to the 1949 Geneva Convention citizens of any country that signed the agreement are able to drive in any other country for up to one year with an international driving permit: No ...
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1answer
50 views

Can you own copyrights to dance moves or choreography?

So there's this thing called High Fitness. It's a company that makes money off of choreographing exercise routines to popular music, and sells the choreography. It's essentially Zumba but less dancey ...
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1answer
60 views

Offering Non-Business Free WiFi - Legal Considerations?

Ontario, Canada. I'd like to operate an open, free WiFi hotspot for public consumption, not associated with any business. Per Wikipedia : In Canadian law, unauthorized access is addressed the ...
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1answer
41 views

Is it illegal to impersonate a Provincial Securities Commission agent in Canada?

I had a situation were an old co-worker tried to stir up some trouble by impersonating an Alberta Securities Commission (ASC) agent. We have evidence that he did this, but nobody really seems to care. ...
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1answer
152 views

When can jobs discriminate against a protected class?

In Canada the Human Rights Act protects against discrimination relating to race, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, age, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, family status, disability ...
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1answer
50 views

Do I have to notify the other party of changes I made to the contract before signing it?

Short version: I have received a final release form for a vehicle write-off payment from an insurance company and need to sign it and send it back. It's just a pdf form with my name and such filled in,...
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25 views

I’m a music producer called FrostedFlake — will Kellogg’s sue me? [duplicate]

My friend has been making music under the pseudonym FrostedFlake for many years now. He wants to make it ‘official’ and try and sell his music. He is worried that Kelloggs would sue him if he ...
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1answer
111 views

Can an employer legally confiscate property that they suspect to be illegal?

Some time ago (2017), an employee brought a bag of what was presumed to be cocaine to their private sector workplace located in Alberta, Canada. The employer demanded the employee hand the item over (...
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1answer
39 views

Recover fees associated with car being impounded

In British Columbia, there is an excessive speeding law where you get a ticket and your car is automatically impounded for 7 days. If you dispute the ticket and win, you do not pay the ticket but you ...