Questions tagged [canada]

For questions specific to Canada as a whole, or that span multiple provincial and territorial jurisdictions.

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1answer
934 views

Canada - how long can a person be under investigation?

I have been accused of a crime, and the police informed me of such. However, I have not been charged. They have told my lawyer that I am under investigation but haven't given any more info. Is there ...
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0answers
35 views

What taxes do I pay on a monthly USD stipend?

I work for a Canadian corporation and will be relocating to Connecticut for 6 months. The firm will continue to pay my Canadian salary as per usual and will give me a monthly allowance in USD. Any ...
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2answers
131 views

In notice to end tennancy, must you specify the EXACT date of moving out?

When giving notice to end tenancy, must the exact date be given? For example if all of November has been paid for and the notice says you'll move on the 30st, and you end up moving on the 20th, is ...
2
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2answers
506 views

When can a cop force a person to comply?

I've seen many youtube videos where a citizen refuses to answer a cops questions. This one particularly stood out as it seems the person is intentionally trying to get the cops attention then refuse ...
1
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2answers
162 views

What are my legal rights as a landlord in Ontario? My tenants want to end fixed term lease early

I am a landlord in the province of Ontario, Canada. I currently have a fixed term lease of one year with my current tenants. The lease ends May 31, 2016.They sent me an email yesterday stating they ...
11
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1answer
786 views

Is it legal to export open-source cryptographic software from Canada

I'm an independent software developer who has developed a program that links to the OpenSSL libraries for the purpose of allowing users to decrypt, filter and re-encrypt secure content. For example, ...
0
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1answer
65 views

Working part time beside full time

I am living in Ontario, Canada and I am currently working as full time employee in a large company. But based on my agreement, I am not allowed to work more than 40 hours every week (I do not get paid ...
5
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2answers
603 views

What is the difference between a “non-for-profit organization” and a “society” in British Columbia, Canada?

Canada has a "Canada Not-for-Profit Corporations Act" and British Columbia has a "Society Act". I only recently discovered that there was a "Society Act" when reading about name registration. When ...
6
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0answers
86 views

Must doctors and other medical practicioners give treatments based on science? [closed]

I went to see a counsellor at my university and he said he wanted to do dream interpretation with me. After talking to other doctors and google searching, I found dream interpretation is complete ...
1
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1answer
75 views

Is there a cause of action if a contest sponsor leaked my personal information?

I entered into a free contest in Canada but I did not win. But when I searched for my own email address, I found a public Google docs that contains the address, date of birth, email, name, and phone ...
3
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2answers
448 views

(Cryptography) - Sending Encrypted Messages Online

Is it legal to send encrypted messages (specifically using RSA key-pairs and AES 256) online in Canada and the USA? Also, can law enforcement request it to be decrypted without probable cause? PS. ...
3
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0answers
72 views

How much to sue for something intangible not being met

In BC there is a right to Quiet Enjoyment which is at least partly the responsibility of the landlord. If a tenant was forced to move out due to Quiet Enjoyment not being fulfilled, how much would ...
1
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1answer
70 views

Is there a way to prevent an irresponsible pet owner from getting another pet?

I hate to say it but I know someone who lives in an apartment and had a dog in the past and didn't get him groomed regularly. Now she is going to get another dog. Is there any way this can legally be ...
2
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1answer
41 views

Canadian Wills and House Deed

So got a simple question, however, doing some searches, my google-foo failed me. Hoping some here can help shed some light on this and point me in the right direction. This is all future planning ...
1
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0answers
13 views

What is the difference between an adjudication and a proceeding? [duplicate]

What is the difference between an adjudication and a proceeding? Are they simply synonymous?
4
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2answers
149 views

When moving into a rental home, must a landlord inspect it before requiring damage deposit?

I moved into a shared house. The landlord will be wanting a damage deposit (aka security deposit), though I know for a fact that he hasn't inspected the room after the previous tenant moved out. Is he ...
6
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1answer
810 views

When can doctors share information without a patient's explicit consent?

I'm curious about patient confidentiality, in non-emergency situations. When and who can a doctor disclose medical information about a patient to, and when do they need consent? At the university I ...
5
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1answer
609 views

Could the Holocaust legally happen in modern day Canada?

I was thinking about the notwithstanding clause of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms and it seems that it has the disturbing implication that allows arbitrarily bad abuses of government ...
8
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2answers
1k views

Why are “no pet” clauses allowed in leases?

Why are "no pet" clauses legal in the US but not in Toronto? At least according to this site, in Toronto you can't disallow pets. I started thinking of it and its actually a little absurd. Trying ...
8
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2answers
500 views

Stealing or obtaining ownership by fraud?

Scenario: John Doe goes to a car dealership and arranges to buy a car. He pays with a personal check, and the dealership accepts payment and signs over ownership to Mr. Doe. Mr. Doe goes a few ...
6
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2answers
323 views

What types of “discrimination” are illegal?

I once took a psychology course where the professor pointed out that the word "discrimination" can be more broad than the way it is generally used. For example, it can be considered discrimination ...
3
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0answers
29 views

Specific law/regulation about annual report and other shareholder information disclosure in Canada

As I understand it, when you hold shares of a publicly traded company (or ETF) via a broker, the broker is obligated to forward you the relevant investor information from the company (e.g. annual ...
2
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1answer
164 views

Can an employer change its pension for existing employees?

Can an employer change the terms and conditions of benefits, vacation, or pension after an employee accepts an offer in which those are listed?
6
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1answer
10k views

60 days tenant notice in Ontario

I've rented an apartment for 1 year, now I already lived here for 11 month and I have one more month left. I called my landlord yesterday to give a 60 days notice and said that I will be moving out ...
5
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4answers
1k views

Who regulates wireless radio communication in North America and Europe?

Wireless technologies, such as Wi-Fi, cellular 4G networks and satellite communication are all radio-based under the hood. Meaning that they all send and receive radio signals, inside of regulated ...
10
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2answers
4k views

R. v. Ojibway: impact of the “pony bird” on case law?

In Regina v. Ojibway (8 Criminal Law Quarterly 137 (1965-66)), a Canadian case, a member of the First Nations of Canada had relieved a wounded pony of his suffering by gunshot and was accused pursuant ...
3
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1answer
234 views

How can one start a class-action lawsuit? [closed]

My family member believes that DriveTest failed him unfairly and wrongly. He appealed to DriveTest and Ministry of Transportation, but they biasedly swear by the examiner's submissions, dismissed his ...
2
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3answers
377 views

Landlord refuses to do anything about tenants who do a lot of drugs

If other tenants in a rental home (roommates) are breaking the law and the landlord has been informed but refuses to do anything about it, is the landlord breaking the law or does a tenant (who's not ...
3
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3answers
355 views

Risks of signing a Non-Compete Clause

I was recently offered my first position as a junior web developer and was simultaneously notified that I would need to sign an NCC. After some research, I'm starting to feel skeptical about the ...
3
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3answers
445 views

How can one prove they rented a house with no receipts/contract?

Where I live the law doesn't require a renter to fill out a contract. If a renter paid the damage deposit, and rent, and upon leaving the landlord refuses to return the damage deposit, how can the ...
18
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2answers
1k views

Is downloading a torrent chunk copyright infringement?

A torrent works by breaking a file into small chunks, each of which can be shared between peers. This speeds up downloads because peer A could be sharing chunk 1 with you while peer B could be sharing ...
4
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3answers
2k views

When can a landlord withhold damage deposit?

What must a landlord do to (legally) withhold some or all of a past tenant's damage deposit (aka security deposit)? I've heard (from the tenancy office) that a landlord cannot arbitrarily withhold the ...
1
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1answer
126 views

I have a private lot parking permit but there are no spaces available, legal remedies?

I bought a parking permit for a private lot attached to my apartment but today when I came to park I found that no spaces were available. What can I do? The parking spaces are not marked off in any ...
2
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2answers
2k views

Use of Co. in a Non-Registered Business Name

A few of my friends and I have started a business in Canada, and in our name we have "Co." at the end. We are deciding whether to register as a business or not, and are unsure as to whether we can ...
2
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1answer
93 views

Who would be responsible for returning the damage deposit if landlords changed but no contract was made

If the damage deposit was paid to one person, who was going to be the acting landlord, but the situation changed and the money was given to the actual landlord, who would be responsible to returning ...
3
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2answers
1k views

If rental agreement is month to month, must one full month of notice be given before leaving?

If no contract was signed and the verbal agreement was month-to-month (no specific end of tenancy) must 1 full month of notice be given to move out and get the damage deposit back?
5
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2answers
212 views

Employer Tuition Repayment

1 year ago, I accepted a new job with an education budget included. I turned down their initial job offer. When they asked if there was anything that could entice me to reconsider, I countered with ...
5
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1answer
193 views

Is it lawful for naturopaths to present themselves as doctors in the US and Canada?

Some naturopaths put "Dr." in their title (without completing a medical or any other doctoral degree). Is that legal?
7
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1answer
603 views

If a tenant moves in without a signed lease, must the landlord go through the eviction process to remove them?

I know some landlords don't require tenants to sign anything (no lease). So what is the minimum necessary for a tenant not to be charged with breaking and entering (or unlawfully living in the home) ...
2
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0answers
103 views

What is my liability for third-party content I host?

I live in Canada, but my servers are hosted by a third party in the United States. I run a forum-type website, so most content is provided by users. Do I have any liability for illegal content that ...
1
vote
1answer
108 views

Can a manager decline a request for a sick day?

At work can a manger tell an employee that they must come in to work after requesting a sick day? What if the reason is something like they need to go to the dentist to get their annual teeth cleaning?...
2
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1answer
97 views

mitigation of joint and several liability when renting shared housing

My understanding of the rationale behind joint and several liability is that the tenants would be most knowledgeable how to fairly distribute a cost amongst themselves. My question is what can be done ...
10
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1answer
346 views

What rights do travellers have against unreasonable customs officers?

I ask or worry not about the standard questions required during customs, such as a traveller's basic personal information, purposes of travel, etc... However, what if a traveller fears for his privacy,...
2
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1answer
341 views

Absence for jury summons

I know there are penalties for ignoring the jury summons, but what about missing the summons letter entirely? By missing, I mean not being present for both the initial letter and the actual date of ...
11
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1answer
3k views

Are Captcha solver farms illegal?

Let say that captcha is a picture that prevents automated programs to do a certain task. Now imagine that we have a service in which some people works to solve some captchas. These captchas are sent ...
4
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1answer
233 views

How to avoid image copyright infringement

I am making a website for a client who has a store and is trying to sell their products on the web now. I told the client that they would need to provide me with images of all of their products and ...
3
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1answer
82 views

How to make people follow city laws regarding dogs on a leash?

I live in Toronto. There is a by-law that all dogs should be on a leash when inside one of the city parks. But nobody follows this. People with big dogs let the dogs run free and they sometimes get ...
8
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1answer
1k views

Do commission only employees need to be paid vacation pay?

Note: I'm making this company as if it were located in Ontario, Canada. So all the proper rules and regulations of that region would apply to this company. I'm currently using the software Quickbooks ...
5
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1answer
1k views

Window Tinting rules and laws in visiting jurisdictions

If someone has a car registered, licensed and insured in a given U.S. state, and intends to travel across state and province lines, are they supposed to make sure that they're in compliance with the ...
8
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1answer
4k views

Is it illegal to put a license plate from another province on the front of your vehicle in Alberta?

In Alberta you are only required to have one plate on the rear of your vehicle. However, many people will put a decorative plate on the front, just for fun, usually a flag, or a sports team, but you ...

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