Questions tagged [canada]

For questions specific to Canada as a whole, or that span multiple provincial and territorial jurisdictions.

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4
votes
2answers
148 views

When moving into a rental home, must a landlord inspect it before requiring damage deposit?

I moved into a shared house. The landlord will be wanting a damage deposit (aka security deposit), though I know for a fact that he hasn't inspected the room after the previous tenant moved out. Is he ...
5
votes
1answer
730 views

When can doctors share information without a patient's explicit consent?

I'm curious about patient confidentiality, in non-emergency situations. When and who can a doctor disclose medical information about a patient to, and when do they need consent? At the university I ...
5
votes
1answer
603 views

Could the Holocaust legally happen in modern day Canada?

I was thinking about the notwithstanding clause of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms and it seems that it has the disturbing implication that allows arbitrarily bad abuses of government ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Why are “no pet” clauses allowed in leases?

Why are "no pet" clauses legal in the US but not in Toronto? At least according to this site, in Toronto you can't disallow pets. I started thinking of it and its actually a little absurd. Trying ...
8
votes
2answers
488 views

Stealing or obtaining ownership by fraud?

Scenario: John Doe goes to a car dealership and arranges to buy a car. He pays with a personal check, and the dealership accepts payment and signs over ownership to Mr. Doe. Mr. Doe goes a few ...
6
votes
2answers
320 views

What types of “discrimination” are illegal?

I once took a psychology course where the professor pointed out that the word "discrimination" can be more broad than the way it is generally used. For example, it can be considered discrimination ...
3
votes
0answers
28 views

Specific law/regulation about annual report and other shareholder information disclosure in Canada

As I understand it, when you hold shares of a publicly traded company (or ETF) via a broker, the broker is obligated to forward you the relevant investor information from the company (e.g. annual ...
2
votes
1answer
163 views

Can an employer change its pension for existing employees?

Can an employer change the terms and conditions of benefits, vacation, or pension after an employee accepts an offer in which those are listed?
6
votes
1answer
9k views

60 days tenant notice in Ontario

I've rented an apartment for 1 year, now I already lived here for 11 month and I have one more month left. I called my landlord yesterday to give a 60 days notice and said that I will be moving out ...
5
votes
4answers
1k views

Who regulates wireless radio communication in North America and Europe?

Wireless technologies, such as Wi-Fi, cellular 4G networks and satellite communication are all radio-based under the hood. Meaning that they all send and receive radio signals, inside of regulated ...
10
votes
2answers
3k views

R. v. Ojibway: impact of the “pony bird” on case law?

In Regina v. Ojibway (8 Criminal Law Quarterly 137 (1965-66)), a Canadian case, a member of the First Nations of Canada had relieved a wounded pony of his suffering by gunshot and was accused pursuant ...
3
votes
1answer
234 views

How can one start a class-action lawsuit? [closed]

My family member believes that DriveTest failed him unfairly and wrongly. He appealed to DriveTest and Ministry of Transportation, but they biasedly swear by the examiner's submissions, dismissed his ...
2
votes
3answers
362 views

Landlord refuses to do anything about tenants who do a lot of drugs

If other tenants in a rental home (roommates) are breaking the law and the landlord has been informed but refuses to do anything about it, is the landlord breaking the law or does a tenant (who's not ...
3
votes
3answers
347 views

Risks of signing a Non-Compete Clause

I was recently offered my first position as a junior web developer and was simultaneously notified that I would need to sign an NCC. After some research, I'm starting to feel skeptical about the ...
3
votes
3answers
437 views

How can one prove they rented a house with no receipts/contract?

Where I live the law doesn't require a renter to fill out a contract. If a renter paid the damage deposit, and rent, and upon leaving the landlord refuses to return the damage deposit, how can the ...
18
votes
2answers
1k views

Is downloading a torrent chunk copyright infringement?

A torrent works by breaking a file into small chunks, each of which can be shared between peers. This speeds up downloads because peer A could be sharing chunk 1 with you while peer B could be sharing ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

When can a landlord withhold damage deposit?

What must a landlord do to (legally) withhold some or all of a past tenant's damage deposit (aka security deposit)? I've heard (from the tenancy office) that a landlord cannot arbitrarily withhold the ...
1
vote
1answer
125 views

I have a private lot parking permit but there are no spaces available, legal remedies?

I bought a parking permit for a private lot attached to my apartment but today when I came to park I found that no spaces were available. What can I do? The parking spaces are not marked off in any ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Use of Co. in a Non-Registered Business Name

A few of my friends and I have started a business in Canada, and in our name we have "Co." at the end. We are deciding whether to register as a business or not, and are unsure as to whether we can ...
2
votes
1answer
90 views

Who would be responsible for returning the damage deposit if landlords changed but no contract was made

If the damage deposit was paid to one person, who was going to be the acting landlord, but the situation changed and the money was given to the actual landlord, who would be responsible to returning ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

If rental agreement is month to month, must one full month of notice be given before leaving?

If no contract was signed and the verbal agreement was month-to-month (no specific end of tenancy) must 1 full month of notice be given to move out and get the damage deposit back?
5
votes
2answers
210 views

Employer Tuition Repayment

1 year ago, I accepted a new job with an education budget included. I turned down their initial job offer. When they asked if there was anything that could entice me to reconsider, I countered with ...
5
votes
1answer
193 views

Is it lawful for naturopaths to present themselves as doctors in the US and Canada?

Some naturopaths put "Dr." in their title (without completing a medical or any other doctoral degree). Is that legal?
7
votes
1answer
577 views

If a tenant moves in without a signed lease, must the landlord go through the eviction process to remove them?

I know some landlords don't require tenants to sign anything (no lease). So what is the minimum necessary for a tenant not to be charged with breaking and entering (or unlawfully living in the home) ...
2
votes
0answers
103 views

What is my liability for third-party content I host?

I live in Canada, but my servers are hosted by a third party in the United States. I run a forum-type website, so most content is provided by users. Do I have any liability for illegal content that ...
1
vote
1answer
107 views

Can a manager decline a request for a sick day?

At work can a manger tell an employee that they must come in to work after requesting a sick day? What if the reason is something like they need to go to the dentist to get their annual teeth cleaning?...
2
votes
1answer
89 views

mitigation of joint and several liability when renting shared housing

My understanding of the rationale behind joint and several liability is that the tenants would be most knowledgeable how to fairly distribute a cost amongst themselves. My question is what can be done ...
10
votes
1answer
346 views

What rights do travellers have against unreasonable customs officers?

I ask or worry not about the standard questions required during customs, such as a traveller's basic personal information, purposes of travel, etc... However, what if a traveller fears for his privacy,...
2
votes
1answer
339 views

Absence for jury summons

I know there are penalties for ignoring the jury summons, but what about missing the summons letter entirely? By missing, I mean not being present for both the initial letter and the actual date of ...
11
votes
1answer
3k views

Are Captcha solver farms illegal?

Let say that captcha is a picture that prevents automated programs to do a certain task. Now imagine that we have a service in which some people works to solve some captchas. These captchas are sent ...
4
votes
1answer
228 views

How to avoid image copyright infringement

I am making a website for a client who has a store and is trying to sell their products on the web now. I told the client that they would need to provide me with images of all of their products and ...
3
votes
1answer
82 views

How to make people follow city laws regarding dogs on a leash?

I live in Toronto. There is a by-law that all dogs should be on a leash when inside one of the city parks. But nobody follows this. People with big dogs let the dogs run free and they sometimes get ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

Do commission only employees need to be paid vacation pay?

Note: I'm making this company as if it were located in Ontario, Canada. So all the proper rules and regulations of that region would apply to this company. I'm currently using the software Quickbooks ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Window Tinting rules and laws in visiting jurisdictions

If someone has a car registered, licensed and insured in a given U.S. state, and intends to travel across state and province lines, are they supposed to make sure that they're in compliance with the ...
8
votes
1answer
4k views

Is it illegal to put a license plate from another province on the front of your vehicle in Alberta?

In Alberta you are only required to have one plate on the rear of your vehicle. However, many people will put a decorative plate on the front, just for fun, usually a flag, or a sports team, but you ...
9
votes
1answer
779 views

Is it legal to download movies in Canada?

For years Canada has been known as a Pirates safe haven, but copyright in Canada has been going under huge reform for the past few years, and it's been hard to keep up with all the changes. With the ...
13
votes
2answers
1k views

Do you have to obey English-only traffic signs in Toronto?

Canada is bilingual, yet some major metros like the Greater Toronto Area have all of their traffic signs in English only, without a French duplicate. Is this legal or not? Do you have to respect ...