Questions tagged [civil-law]

For questions relating to non-criminal legal branch of [common-law] legal systems. Not to be confused with [civil-legal-system], relating to civilian or Roman law.

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29 views

Gag order in reference to a Criminal Investigation

Lets say you reach terms with a party "B" about a dispute and they specify a gag order. That is you cannot disclose the nature of the settlement, or disparage party "B". The settlement is in ...
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33 views

Speed bumps on private non-hoa road (California)

I live on a private non-city-maintained road. There are ~30 houses, and I'm roughly in the middle, it's a dead end road. There's no HOA and since we get snow there's one neighbor who has done the job ...
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1answer
41 views

Total dollar amount of damages sought outstanding in US courts?

Is there any report that sheds some light on how much damages are sought in civil cases in total in the US (or another major jurisdiction, e.g. the EU, UK, etc.) at any given point in time in recent ...
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127 views

How long are schools allowed to confiscate items from students?

According to this question and the corresponding answer, schools are legally allowed to confiscate items from students. This is not considered theft, as the intent is not to permanently take the item ...
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3answers
130 views

I lent someone money then they moved out of state and stopped communicating. How do I track down this individual for prosecution?

Against my better judgement I tried to help a fellow renter, my housemate, in a time of need. I had him sign a promissory note and lent him $1200 in Virginia. After the deadline passed I followed up ...
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2answers
59 views

Public disclosure of private conversation

If I am party to a private conversation with a public figure, and that person either records (legally) the audio, a transcript, or if communication occurs via text, does that person have a legal right ...
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95 views

Can I proceed with legal action against a restaurant that serves a vegan dairy?

My partner and I are both vegan for health reasons (we’re both lactose intolerant and cannot break down meat in our systems) we went to a fast food restaurant earlier today and were met with a very ...
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105 views

Would I expose myself to liability by verbally abusing a debt collector?

I recently started receiving calls from a debt collector about a debt that I disputed and refused to pay 13 years ago. All the other debt collectors gave up around 10 years ago. They told me right up ...
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1answer
108 views

When can you avoid libel by preceding a false statement with “Sources say” or “I heard”?

Suppose the New York Times writes "Sources say the celebrity John Doe raped his daughter" and they truly found two anonymous people (i.e., two sources) beforehand with that claim. How responsible is ...
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1answer
62 views

Is it legal to sell a used mattress in Westport, CT?

I live in Westport, Connecticut, United States, and want to sell my bed. As a consumer, am I allowed to sell my mattress, even though I've used it? If so, are there any restrictions/regulations I ...
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2answers
313 views

How can a person with a similar experience with the defendant, help the plaintiff in a lawsuit?

I lived in a house that was shared with the landlord and other tenants in common. I have now moved out and have a lawsuit started against the landlord. From "rumors" I heard that a previous tenant who ...
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1answer
77 views

How can new villages and cities be formed or incorporated within various states? [closed]

What is the process for creating new villages and/or incorporating cities within the following states? Colorado Washington Pennsylvania Kentucky Missouri New Mexico
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1answer
165 views

Possibility of credit card trolling strategy

Let's say I owe 100k in CC debt. The cc company goes to sue. Correct me but civil trials take months, more.for low priority crap like debt collection. Just before the trial date, I find one of the ...
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49 views

Giving live streamed video as date stamped evidence of an event in court (UK)

I am planning on serving a notice to quit directly to my landlord soon, and the plan is to live stream putting the letter in the envelope and posting it at their address, so it's very clear that the ...
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1answer
91 views

If a law doesn't exist prohibiting something, does that mean it's legal to do?

My question about is how does the law work in general. If someone does something, and no one can find a law that is being broken, then is the person free to do that thing? Or must a law give ...
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1answer
25 views

What is the optimal form of business, if you are living in Austria and want to minimize legal and tax burden? [closed]

I have a day job and in my leisure write a book. When the book is complete, I want to sell it. Thereafter, I will write another book. The first couple of books will, most likely, be sold at a loss. ...
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0answers
26 views

Triple Talaq Bill introduced in Indian Parliament

From an article in a leading newspaper: Mr. Shashi Tharoor said he was against triple talaq, already voided by the Supreme Court, but opposed the Bill as it conflated civil and criminal laws. How ...
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1answer
53 views

What are the consequences of forging a will, in common law and in civil law?

In any legal system (in which individuals can transfer property ownership upon their death through wills), there are probably criteria for when a will is admissible (e.g. the deceased was cognitively ...
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1answer
47 views

Value of parts on a totaled car [MO, US]

Suppose I was driving a totaled car and hit by someone, damaging one side mirror. The mirror was in good condition before this accident, although the car was totaled. Can I file a claim against his ...
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1answer
67 views

When can you no longer submit evidence in a civil case?

I was wondering if there was a point in a civil case where parties are no longer allowed to submit evidence, to my understanding all evidence is submitted at a pretrial, and after that it is ...
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1answer
64 views

Do corporations have any legal liability for XSS exploits that can harvest private/payment info?

So let's say there's a website that is made up of crowd sourced articles (let's say it's about politics). The website has users from around the world. All articles have to be approved by an editor, ...
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1answer
36 views

Impersonation - promoting contents to make it look like it's coming from someone else

We have 2 people, person A and person B. Let's say person A decides to fabricate contents and made it look like it came from person B and promoted it to anyone and everyone. Person A made it look to ...
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3answers
81 views

Are there any legal restrictions to practicing law over video conference like there is with medicine?

For example in medicine, you have requirements in many states for what constitutes a valid patient / client relationship and that this requires some in-person visits etc. does something exist like ...
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1answer
69 views

Big Data - Analysis from the entire population - Disparate impact

I am reading Barocas, S., & Selbst, A. D. (2016). Big Data’s Disparate Impact. California Law Review. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2477899 Among other things, the article talks about the ...
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1answer
81 views

Saving a parking spot and legal recourse

I have seen others, and may have once or twice, stepped into an open parking spot to "reserve it" for my friend who is coming by, say within a minutes. What laws if any are those "saving a spot" ...
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3answers
115 views

Can I be sued if if the law says I am not liable?

A recent answer had this law quote shall not be liable for damages in any action brought in a Federal or State court and this explanation they cannot be sued over their actions I posted a ...
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2answers
42 views

How can one document a conversation?

When someone gets themselves into a situation where legal action is likely imminent, common legal advice is to document as much as possible. For example, to get copies of letters, to save backups of ...
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2answers
60 views

Duty of care dilemma when reporting Web vulnerabilities to both Stakeholders and Web Service owner

Ok, I am going to ask this question with an Analogy. A Locksmith is walking in the street and comes across a door. The door seems to be well secured to a normal user and is actually a door to safe ...
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2answers
70 views

Is it very difficult to collect a debt if the defendant cannot be served? [closed]

Small claims generally do not allow service by publication. If the defendant cannot be found you have to pursue a real lawsuit. This will not be worthwhile unless there is tens of thousands of dollars ...
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1answer
127 views

Prior to a divorce, can a spouse prevent the use of any saved assets?

Lets say Bob and Mary are about to get separated and divorced. Bob has a 401K and a savings account that Mary can not access. To prevent having to give Mary half when they divorce, Bob decides he ...
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1answer
124 views

Liability of online service provider for illegal user content?

Suppose someone develops a chat app where you can send messages and pictures. Messages are stored in a database. The developer, who is also the site owner, would have pretty much access to every ...
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1answer
120 views

How do you file a criminal complaint when the police refuse to file the complaint?

Lets say that Bob has a problem with a high ranking member of the local government (Mayor, Police Chief, etc). After several protests of the local government and encounters/arrests by the Police, Bob ...
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1answer
152 views

Liability from attaching a note with tape to an improperly parked car?

I am a security officer for a private estate. I frequently deal with cars parking in a way that obstructs other vehicles. On a recent occasion I asked the various tenants of the estate and each ...
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1answer
320 views

Are marketplace lenders subject to fair lending laws?

Are 'marketplace' lenders, such as those using Lending Club or Funding Circle, etc., subject to fair lending provisions, such as the Equal Credit Opportunity Act or the Fair Lending provisions of the ...
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1answer
94 views

Position statement claiming that something is evidence

In the family law proceedings I'm dealing with the following sentence written by the solicitors of the respondent: "This Statement is true to the best of my knowledge and belief and I make it known ...
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1answer
99 views

Sue the Girl Scouts

Some Girl Scouts have rebranded their Samoa cookies into Momoas. Could Jason Momoa sue the Girl Scouts for using his likeness without his permission? Or would this constitute some fair use or public ...
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4answers
5k views

Equivalent of “illegal” for violating civil law

If "illegal" is typically used for criminal law, what adjective or adjectives are generally used for breaking civil law?
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1answer
67 views

Can a defendent travel overseas if served with a claim/summons to UK civil court?

If i have am served a claim form by the claimant, can I travel overseas? Also, if I am overseas and receive the claim form whilst overseas, can I ignore it if I am not a citizen of the country which ...
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2answers
842 views

Can a LGBT person sue the parents of a child who refuses to sell lemonade to them?

According to Wikipedia, running a lemonade stand is a business. If a child has been instructed by his/her parents not to sell lemonade to a LGBT person, can the LGBT person sue the child's parents ...
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1answer
59 views

Suing a Cellular Company that Charged Me for Years Without My Knowledge

I am planning to sue a cellular company for charging me (for two phone numbers) for 10 years after a cutoff request. I contacted the company, and they admitted to wrongly charging me but only for one ...
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107 views

What are the regulations regarding position statements?

"By 4pm on 7 August 2018 both parties must send a written statement to each other" Everyone knows what is expected and what to do. Other Court orders are not so specific, they only mention a ...
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1answer
94 views

Can a litigant in person prepare the bundle?

https://www.justice.gov.uk/courts/procedure-rules/family/practice_directions/pd_part_27a Responsibility for the preparation of the bundle 3.1 A bundle for the use of the court at the ...
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1answer
470 views

What can happend if I am sexting with an underage girl from another country? [duplicate]

So I met this girl on the internet and I told her I am 19 and she told me she is 17. We started talking for a while and she sent me me a pic in underwear.. We started texting and all that.. we did ...
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1answer
40 views

Criminal Liability for judges under 42 USC 290-dd2(f) and 42 CFR 2.63 [Confidentiality of Substance Abuse Patient Records]

42 USC 290-dd2 establishes heightened confidentiality requirements for certain (really most) substance abuse treatment records. The statute grants authority to HHS to interpret the law and create ...
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1answer
68 views

What can a city do for parking tickets

I have read the question and answer here: Are parking tickets enforcable But I would like to know that if a person got a parking ticket in Pennsylvania for a street sweeper violation and didn't know ...
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2answers
57 views

Legally enforceable contract?

I told my landlord that I will only be living in the apartment for half a school year because of my early graduation. I told him that my girlfriend would be taking over the other half of the school ...
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1answer
51 views

Undisclosed Cancelation Fees

I Paid $600 to a pet transportation company and after some talks in which due to some wrong information we were asked to pay an additional $300 i asked to cancel and was told that they would withhold ...
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1answer
141 views

Can a Federal Actor, through coercion, or by the omission of information, force a U.S. citizen to waive a state-given Constitutional right?

Can a Federal Actor, through the use of coercion, or by the omission of information, force a U.S. citizen to waive a state-given Constitutional right? Specifically: On the date of March 19, 2010, an ...
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1answer
137 views

Can a woman sue a person who informs her child about the abortions she has had?

If an adult has knowledge of how many abortions that a woman has had in her lifetime and that adult was to inform a child of that woman about her abortions and this leads to that child suffering ...
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3answers
173 views

How do I tell if a settlement offer is good enough?

Is there a formula to tell if an out-of-court settlement offer should be accepted for a civil claim, instead of taking the claim to a trial? (In economics there is something called an expected value ...