Questions tagged [civil-law]

For questions relating to non-criminal legal branch of [common-law] legal systems. Not to be confused with [civil-legal-system], relating to civilian or Roman law.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
42
votes
2answers
43k views

Can I sue a restaurant for serving me meat in vegetarian dish?

I am a vegetarian for religious reasons. I was at Chipotle on Saturday and ordered a sofritas rice bowl which is "vegan approved". To my surprise, I found a chunk of chicken in my bowl when I was ...
1
vote
1answer
353 views

What are the legal requirements in the United States for being recognized under federal law as “white” or a “white” person?

Primary resource: [Hefny v. _ (1997) (citation needed, appears to have been dismissed by the U.S. District Court)] Secondary sources: Egyptian Immigrant Wants to be Reclassified as Black Race, ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

Confiscation of cellphones in public schools

School started today. I'm just reading the code of conduct about cell phone usage. It states that on first violation of the policy the device will be confiscated and held until a parent (me) comes to ...
4
votes
5answers
8k views

Can I sue an appraiser for assigning a low value to my property?

Due to the low value assigned to my home by an appraiser, I didn't get a loan and it did cost money. However, when I went to another bank, two new appraisers gave a higher value and I was able to ...
0
votes
5answers
860 views

Is there a minimum speed limit on US hwy 60 in OK? Are bicycles legal on US hwy 60 in OK?

I had this experience about 4 years ago (which actually culminated a series of many similar experiences) where I was cycling my way back home (Missouri) from a bicycle trip to Cancun MX. In ...
-3
votes
0answers
105 views

Stripper garnishments

Say I have a money judgment against a stripper. She reports 5000 monthly income but its obvious (camera, witnesses, car and rent etc) that she made several times that. Can a judge impute income and ...
3
votes
2answers
218 views

Is it legal to film and record in public areas in Sweden?

The title says it all: Is it legal to film and record anything in public areas in Sweden (e.g. using a mobile phone)? Starting from roads/trees/object to people and especially the police (e.g. in a ...
2
votes
1answer
999 views

Major difference between criminal and civil law being that there has to be no specific victim in former?

Is it true that while for prosecution according to civil (private) law there has to be a party that has been wronged (I'm going to refer to as "victim" from now on) while for criminal law that does ...
2
votes
1answer
9k views

What is the difference between Common Law and Civil Law in the U.S.?

Is there a difference between Common Law and Civil Law in the U.S., and if so, what is it?
16
votes
3answers
3k views

Does the New York State Governor have the authority to impose fines?

The New York State Governor has allegedly declared a "fine for violations of the state's social distancing protocol from $500 to $1,000...." The government website claiming that declaration ...
7
votes
2answers
3k views

Why are there distinct burdens of proof in civil and criminal cases?

In a criminal case, in all common law jurisdictions that I know of, an accusation must be proven to a high level which is commonly stated as being "beyond reasonable doubt", whereas in a civil case ...
5
votes
1answer
637 views

Can I teach those careless kids a lesson and destroy their ball?

As we learned from the hypothetical In California, if a baseball lands in my yard, is it legally mine? I could face detinue for not returning the baseball upon request. But what if: I accidentally ...
5
votes
4answers
5k views

Can you sue yourself for wrongful-death without admitting manslaughter?

Prompted by a comment in another question, the story of a woman suing herself came to my attention. http://www.foxnews.com/us/2015/02/19/utah-appeals-court-allows-woman-to-sue-herself-over-fatal-car-...
4
votes
2answers
388 views

Class action lawsuits and opting out

If I am notified that I'm a member of a proposed class-action lawsuit, could I opt out, wait to see how the class action lawsuit turns out, and file a claim if the plaintiff wins? It seems like this ...
4
votes
3answers
3k views

As the borrower, can I prevent my loan guarantor/co-signer from being released from the guarantee?

Inspired by the question My co-borrower wants her name removed from a 5 year mortgage contract : Assume I am the debtor of a loan, and someone else agreed to guarantee/co-sign the loan for me. If ...
3
votes
1answer
977 views

After being pardoned, can one be forced to testify in civil and criminal cases?

After being pardoned, can one be forced to testify in civil and criminal cases with no protection against self-incrimination? My example is how Trump has pardoned former Arizona sheriff Joe Arpaio; ...
3
votes
1answer
6k views

Why did double jeopardy not apply in the O.J. case?

On 1995 O.J. was found not guilty in the famous murder case. This was in criminal court and after that he was tried for the same thing in civil court - except this time it was called wrongful death ...
2
votes
1answer
13k views

Can suits be filed in small claims courts from overseas?

I often see freelancers suggesting to other freelancers to use the small claim courts to get paid when the client is in another country. Already with the small claim court, there's a maximum amount ...
1
vote
1answer
145 views

Grokking the difference between Civil Law and Common Law

My history teacher told us yesterday, the difference between Civil Law and Common Law, if specified in one sentence is: The Civil Law is to make and create laws, While the Common Law is to find and ...
1
vote
3answers
157 views

Can I be sued if if the law says I am not liable?

A recent answer had this law quote shall not be liable for damages in any action brought in a Federal or State court and this explanation they cannot be sued over their actions I posted a ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

To what extent can mental illness create a defence or mitigation against liability in a civil case?

I'm thinking here of both UK and US law, which I assume will differ. Suppose a defendant in a civil case (type of case unspecified) would ordinarily have no defence against the plaintiff/claimant's ...
1
vote
3answers
196 views

How do I tell if a settlement offer is good enough?

Is there a formula to tell if an out-of-court settlement offer should be accepted for a civil claim, instead of taking the claim to a trial? (In economics there is something called an expected value ...
0
votes
2answers
212 views

Can I sue my employer if they terminate my employment while I'm laid off during the Coronavirus outbreak?

I am currently laid off from my job due to the Coronavirus outbreak. My employer informed my coworkers and I in a group meeting on the day before the lay-off that we would all be brought back to work ...
0
votes
3answers
612 views

Terms for torts committed under theory of promissory estoppel?

The promissory estoppel doctrine allows an injured party to recover on a promise upon which he relied, and then suffered a loss as a result. ... All that must be proven is that a promise was made, and ...
0
votes
1answer
6k views

Differences between Detinue, Conversion, and Trespass to Chattel in U.S. law

In U.S. law do practical distinctions exist between the torts of detinue, conversion (by detention), and trespass to chattels? In particular, is it conceivable that each of those torts could be named ...
0
votes
3answers
288 views

Is 'You the Jury' TV show really legal?

Recently I saw an ad for a new reality TV show on FOX called "You the Jury". On Thursday, the network announced "You the Jury," a new prime-time, unscripted reality show that allows the audience ...