Questions tagged [civil-law]

For questions relating to non-criminal legal branch of [common-law] legal systems. Not to be confused with [civil-legal-system], relating to civilian or Roman law.

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43
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2answers
48k views

Can I sue a restaurant for serving me meat in vegetarian dish?

I am a vegetarian for religious reasons. I was at Chipotle on Saturday and ordered a sofritas rice bowl which is "vegan approved". To my surprise, I found a chunk of chicken in my bowl when I was ...
4
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5answers
11k views

Can I sue an appraiser for assigning a low value to my property?

Due to the low value assigned to my home by an appraiser, I didn't get a loan and it did cost money. However, when I went to another bank, two new appraisers gave a higher value and I was able to ...
1
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1answer
464 views

What are the legal requirements in the United States for being recognized under federal law as “white” or a “white” person?

Primary resource: [Hefny v. _ (1997) (citation needed, appears to have been dismissed by the U.S. District Court)] Secondary sources: Egyptian Immigrant Wants to be Reclassified as Black Race, ...
5
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1answer
3k views

Confiscation of cellphones in public schools

School started today. I'm just reading the code of conduct about cell phone usage. It states that on first violation of the policy the device will be confiscated and held until a parent (me) comes to ...
1
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5answers
931 views

Is there a minimum speed limit on US hwy 60 in OK? Are bicycles legal on US hwy 60 in OK?

I had this experience about 4 years ago (which actually culminated a series of many similar experiences) where I was cycling my way back home (Missouri) from a bicycle trip to Cancun MX. In ...
0
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3answers
350 views

Is 'You the Jury' TV show really legal?

Recently I saw an ad for a new reality TV show on FOX called "You the Jury". On Thursday, the network announced "You the Jury," a new prime-time, unscripted reality show that allows the audience ...
70
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5answers
13k views

Why is stealing from an employer a criminal act when stealing from an employee is a civil act?

Here is the full question with all the context and details: In the majority of cases in the U.S. about theft at a workplace, why is the matter usually tried in a criminal court when the employer is ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Major difference between criminal and civil law being that there has to be no specific victim in former?

Is it true that while for prosecution according to civil (private) law there has to be a party that has been wronged (I'm going to refer to as "victim" from now on) while for criminal law that does ...
22
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4answers
10k views

Can a person purposely provoke someone to hit him and then report a crime?

Say someone purposely provokes another person by insulting him, knowing that this person is easily provoked. The provoked person then hits him. Can the person then report a crime or even file a civil ...
2
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5answers
3k views

What can happen if you violate a cease and desist letter?

Are there any legal consequences for violating a cease and desist letter? I was sent a cease and desist letter from my university for annoying administration with a particular issue, and this letter ...
2
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2answers
549 views

Is it legal to film and record in public areas in Sweden?

The title says it all: Is it legal to film and record anything in public areas in Sweden (e.g. using a mobile phone)? Starting from roads/trees/object to people and especially the police (e.g. in a ...
2
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1answer
9k views

What is the difference between Common Law and Civil Law in the U.S.?

Is there a difference between Common Law and Civil Law in the U.S., and if so, what is it?
1
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1answer
11k views

Under what circumstances do civil cases go before juries in the U.S.?

In a criminal case, per Rule 23, either party may demand a jury trial (and the defendant usually does). A civil case, however, is often decided by a "bench" (judge) trial. Under what circumstances ...
15
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3answers
3k views

Does the New York State Governor have the authority to impose fines?

The New York State Governor has allegedly declared a "fine for violations of the state's social distancing protocol from $500 to $1,000...." The government website claiming that declaration ...
9
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1answer
1k views

Can I teach those careless kids a lesson and destroy their ball?

As we learned from the hypothetical In California, if a baseball lands in my yard, is it legally mine? I could face detinue for not returning the baseball upon request. But what if: I accidentally ...
7
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2answers
3k views

Why are there distinct burdens of proof in civil and criminal cases?

In a criminal case, in all common law jurisdictions that I know of, an accusation must be proven to a high level which is commonly stated as being "beyond reasonable doubt", whereas in a civil case ...
6
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2answers
442 views

If Trump's legal challenges to the 2020 elections are so bad, why haven't the courts ruled them as frivolous?

(Not sure if this should be on the Law.SE) Per title. Most of the news coverage I've seen have said the challenges are bad, such as this recent one on the result of a challenge in Pennsylvania. "...
5
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4answers
5k views

Can you sue yourself for wrongful-death without admitting manslaughter?

Prompted by a comment in another question, the story of a woman suing herself came to my attention. http://www.foxnews.com/us/2015/02/19/utah-appeals-court-allows-woman-to-sue-herself-over-fatal-car-...
4
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2answers
17k views

Did Zoey Tur assault Ben Shapiro?

Alleged Facts On this video (at time marker 5:32-5:36), Ben Shapiro alleges Zoey Tur committed the crime/s (and/or tort/s) of assault and/or battery against Shapiro. (I believe) the incident occurred ...
4
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3answers
3k views

As the borrower, can I prevent my loan guarantor/co-signer from being released from the guarantee?

Inspired by the question My co-borrower wants her name removed from a 5 year mortgage contract : Assume I am the debtor of a loan, and someone else agreed to guarantee/co-sign the loan for me. If ...
4
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2answers
405 views

Class action lawsuits and opting out

If I am notified that I'm a member of a proposed class-action lawsuit, could I opt out, wait to see how the class action lawsuit turns out, and file a claim if the plaintiff wins? It seems like this ...
3
votes
1answer
7k views

Why did double jeopardy not apply in the O.J. case?

On 1995 O.J. was found not guilty in the famous murder case. This was in criminal court and after that he was tried for the same thing in civil court - except this time it was called wrongful death ...
3
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3answers
251 views

Can a man who owns a strip of land going through another's house extort the owner of the house with threat to build on the land?

There was a recent article on cracked.com discussing an individual who accidentally purchased a tiny strip of land, worth approximately 50 dollars, thinking he was purchasing the house it ran through. ...
3
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1answer
2k views

After being pardoned, can one be forced to testify in civil and criminal cases?

After being pardoned, can one be forced to testify in civil and criminal cases with no protection against self-incrimination? My example is how Trump has pardoned former Arizona sheriff Joe Arpaio; ...
2
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1answer
14k views

Can suits be filed in small claims courts from overseas?

I often see freelancers suggesting to other freelancers to use the small claim courts to get paid when the client is in another country. Already with the small claim court, there's a maximum amount ...
1
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2answers
119 views

On what grounds can I sue someone who intimidates and verbally abuses another?

There is this guy in my community who is known to be very nasty, always intimidates and verbally abuses people. He is what we can imagine a narcissistic person. We have SMS, video and audio records ...
1
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1answer
161 views

Grokking the difference between Civil Law and Common Law

My history teacher told us yesterday, the difference between Civil Law and Common Law, if specified in one sentence is: The Civil Law is to make and create laws, While the Common Law is to find and ...
1
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3answers
205 views

How do I tell if a settlement offer is good enough?

Is there a formula to tell if an out-of-court settlement offer should be accepted for a civil claim, instead of taking the claim to a trial? (In economics there is something called an expected value ...
1
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3answers
168 views

Can I be sued if if the law says I am not liable?

A recent answer had this law quote shall not be liable for damages in any action brought in a Federal or State court and this explanation they cannot be sued over their actions I posted a ...
0
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1answer
93 views

What are the difference in obfuscated contract laws between Indonesia and USA, Australia, Europe, and Singapore?

In general, people can write any contract they want. In practice, many people agree to a contract without even reading. Even those that read carefully may miss important terms if the writers of the ...
0
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3answers
673 views

Terms for torts committed under theory of promissory estoppel?

The promissory estoppel doctrine allows an injured party to recover on a promise upon which he relied, and then suffered a loss as a result. ... All that must be proven is that a promise was made, and ...
0
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2answers
241 views

Can I sue my employer if they terminate my employment while I'm laid off during the Coronavirus outbreak?

I am currently laid off from my job due to the Coronavirus outbreak. My employer informed my coworkers and I in a group meeting on the day before the lay-off that we would all be brought back to work ...
0
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1answer
7k views

Differences between Detinue, Conversion, and Trespass to Chattel in U.S. law

In U.S. law do practical distinctions exist between the torts of detinue, conversion (by detention), and trespass to chattels? In particular, is it conceivable that each of those torts could be named ...
-4
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4answers
223 views

Can a question of law be taken to a civil court, while not naming a specific defendant? [closed]

There exist known methods of surveilling people within their homes and elsewhere and even harassing them there that provide complete anonymity for the surveillor/harasser. If those means afford such ...