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Questions tagged [confidentiality]

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Confidential price quotes [closed]

We have a customer that shares our price quotes with our competition. Is this legal? What can we do to prevent this from happening?
Tom Sharretts's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
63 views

Are email “confidentiality clauses” binding? [duplicate]

Sometimes, I receive emails for other people. Some of them have a clause at the bottom that says, “If you are not the intended recipient of this message, please delete it and inform the sender ...
SegNerd's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
164 views

How much incentives do Delaware Registered Agents have to keep coproration owners' identities condifential?

Say Bob wants to create Acme Inc. in Delaware and keep it secret from the public who the owner/director is. He contracts Alice to be his registered agent, and she signs an NDA. Rob is desperate to ...
Greendrake's user avatar
  • 27.5k
7 votes
1 answer
892 views

Have email disclaimers been tested in court?

Every company these days has the standard confidentiality disclaimer at the bottom of their email signature. However, researching this online reveals that their effectiveness is somewhat dubious. My ...
Jeremy Morren's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
66 views

What "weight" do email confidentiality statements carry? [duplicate]

CONTEXT: A Homeowner's Association's contractor (HOA Manager) sends emails with invoices that do not contain attorney client privilege information. The email is appended with: CONFIDENTIALITY NOTE: ...
gatorback's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
1k views

Is privilege often misused to mean confidential?

It seems to me that these two terms may be completely different and yet they often seem to be used in an interchangeable and anyway an overlapping manner. Under data protection laws, data controllers ...
TylerDurden's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
186 views

In 2013, many news sites reported that a US programmer (Bob) outsourced his work to a company in China. Isn't that illegal?

If you don't know, I'm talking about this: https://www.cnn.com/2013/01/17/business/us-outsource-job-china/index.html NPR and BBC also reported on this. From what I've read, Bob only got fired by his ...
No Name's user avatar
  • 436
1 vote
2 answers
143 views

Do confidentiality agreements implicitly allow to discuss confidential information with coworkers?

How enforceable is the following confidentiality provision in an employment agreement: All project and data information and related technological matters are confidential information and shall remain ...
Fred-T-800's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
103 views

If issuers have to file Form D to easily sell shares of private company registered in USA , then are private company investments not "confidential?"

If issuers of securities have to file Form D to easily sell shares or make private placements of private company registered in USA , then are private company investments not "confidential? ...
Bauu's user avatar
  • 21
4 votes
2 answers
219 views

Security clearance of police officers

My question is inspired by this one, but it’s not the same. It is my understanding that the federal law-enforcement officers who seized the boxes of documents held by “45” expected to find some papers ...
Pierre Paquette's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
192 views

What law requires me to safeguard classified information?

Let's say I have a briefcase full of Top Secret papers, and I carelessly leave it on the table at Burger King and it falls into the wrong hands. 18 U.S. Code § 798 apparently only applies if I "...
Michael Hall's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
192 views

Contract says all information must be kept confidential. Does this mean I cannot outsource?

Let's say there's something like this in the contract: "Without the prior written consent of the other party, no party shall disclose any Confidential Information to any third party" Does ...
No Name's user avatar
  • 436
2 votes
3 answers
295 views

In a way aren't Non-Disclosure and Non-disparagement Agreements functionally very similar?

At a high level NDAs basically say "do not disclose confidential information to the public". At a high level Non-disparagement agreements basically say "do not disclose information to ...
CoriolisForceFighter's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
299 views

Must a counselor therapist keep certain information confidential even if it pertains to illegal activity?

Generally speaking medical professionals are obligated to keep their patient information confidential, I think by legislation or the licensing body that allows them to practice. I'm not sure if it's ...
user49748's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
89 views

Do NDAs apply to all future interactions between the two parties or just the next one?

A follow up to the question is an NDA binding for sex worker or escorts? If someone hired an escort (or sex worker) and had her sign an NDA stating that she will not divulge their relationship, and ...
hieveryone's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
41 views

GDPR When using an external CV formatting company

As a recruitment company, if I use an external company to format CVs that have been shared, do I need to inform the candidates? What are the potential pitfalls of an external company being given ...
Sara's user avatar
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-2 votes
2 answers
329 views

Is it common to provide evidence via email to a lawyer?

Do clients and attorneys typically communicate evidence via e-mail or cloud-based sharing services (i.e. One Drive or Dropbox)? If so, are these safe for confidential material? It this a common way to ...
hellohello's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
104 views

In what states of the U.S., and under what conditions can a priest be compelled to testify of information a penitent disclosed to them?

If the states where it is privileged, and may not be admissible in court are fewer, which states are they? Does it matter if information disclosed during priest-penitent communications had been known ...
Raiden Snaker's user avatar
7 votes
3 answers
3k views

Can one be liable to pay an agreed sum if they break a promise?

Bob wants Alice to share a computer file with him. This could be a photo, a video/audio recording etc. — anything that only Alice has and that Bob craves a copy of. The copyright ownership shouldn't ...
Greendrake's user avatar
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8 votes
3 answers
4k views

Is releasing this company's documents illegal?

I run a website where I sell materials for students interested in finance, law and consulting. My website contains case studies from actual previous interviews. Recently, one of the firms' HR reached ...
Questioner5453's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
213 views

What protections are there for constituent to MP communications?

Various types of communication are considered protected under UK law: Doctor/Patient Client/Lawyer Confessor/Priest It seems logical to me that constituents should be free to communicate with their ...
ScottishTapWater's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
209 views

To what extent can a testator keep their will secret until the day comes?

Bob wants as few people as possible to know the contents of his last will. Especially he doesn't want the heirs to know it until the day comes, as well as those who would assume that they would be the ...
Greendrake's user avatar
  • 27.5k
0 votes
1 answer
39 views

Do I need a confidentiality waiver (from the parent company I worked at) to work at a spin-off company?

I had a contract and I worked at a company for several months. During this time our project leader negotiated with the parent company and formed his own company (with 2 other team members). Later the ...
Azad's user avatar
  • 103
1 vote
1 answer
95 views

Child Sexual Abuse - is a religious leader required to automatically report such accusations or confessions?

All religious organizations seem to have some kind of a process for handling "sin", i.e. some process where a religious leader is spoken to when someone has done something wrong. My ...
alec's user avatar
  • 381
4 votes
0 answers
111 views

What rights does a client have in Japan to protect their privacy from being leaked by their lawyer?

I know attorney-client privilege isn't really a legal principle in Japan, yet, but without it how do Japanese clients protect their privacy/confidentiality? Recently I watched some Japanese legal ...
Eddie Kal's user avatar
  • 411
12 votes
2 answers
1k views

Why do solicitor advice procedure regulations require collection of landlord details at client intake when solicitors advise on tenancy issues?

I've been informed by a law firm that they are required by national regulations of the solicitors' authority to collect a landlord's name and address (not the address of the property in question, but ...
Dmitri's user avatar
  • 143
1 vote
1 answer
82 views

In the UK, can documents obtained through Freedom of Information be shared with friends?

If you have obtained certain documents from a government agency in the UK through a Freedom of Information request, are you allowed to send a copy of these documents to a friend who might also be ...
Prober's user avatar
  • 21
4 votes
1 answer
720 views

Is there a minimum elapsed time required before a classified document can become declassified in the U.S.?

Is there a minimum elapsed time required before a classified document can become declassified in the U.S.? I am wondering if any classified document can become unclassified at any time or not. I am ...
Sayaman's user avatar
  • 5,180
1 vote
0 answers
111 views

Is an email private or confidential just because we say so in Canada? [duplicate]

I received an email that claimed that its contents were confidential and private, and not to be shared. Sometimes people have automatic privacy notices at the footers of their emails, which is not the ...
user avatar
-1 votes
2 answers
103 views

How to send a document restricting its spread?

I have a personal project I am working on and I wrote a detailed presentation of it, where I describe the internal mechanisms in a certain detail. I do not know how/if I will license it in the future, ...
Pietro's user avatar
  • 109
24 votes
6 answers
6k views

Receiving a certified letter and the contents is not address to you

I am in the United States and I have recently received a certified letter that was addressed to me (name and address). It's about 80 pages actually. The cover sheet has a confidentiality notice, and ...
b degnan's user avatar
  • 343
4 votes
2 answers
652 views

Is it legal to use leaked documents for open source development?

Lets say a specific data structure is only documented in a confidential document, which can not be found over the official websites. If a developer can find a copy of this document via Google (on an ...
gambiKoli's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
182 views

Can a confidentiality obligation in an agreement have an indefinite period

I've found that some companies are very much against the individual and want indefinite confidentiality clauses. I'm happy to sign a 2 year clause but an indefinite one is sickening to me. I'm ...
SeanJ's user avatar
  • 171
1 vote
0 answers
42 views

What steps must an employer take to keep health information confidential?

I asked this on workplace but perhaps it's a better fit here. With my job we are required to get COVID testing frequently. They normally hire different labs to do the testing so each time there's some ...
snicketor's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
62 views

In the UK, can you seek legal advice from non-lawyers in confidential matters?

Suppose an employer is trying to gag a former employee from speaking out about certain issues, citing confidentiality clauses that were present in the former employee's employment contract. However, ...
Prober's user avatar
  • 21
5 votes
0 answers
1k views

Sharing pricing information as a customer

I am getting pricing quotes from two companies, A and B. The sales representative of company A asked me to send them the quote from company B, so that they can talk their management into offering me a ...
Mowgli's user avatar
  • 516
1 vote
1 answer
257 views

In Germany, are doctors within the same institution able to access any patients' medical records?

I have a friend living in Germany who is seeking therapy in her small town. However, a problem that she is facing is that all of the psychological/psychiatric institutions in her town are managed by ...
TheHans255's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
50 views

CPA leaked tax return details

A CPA that is supposedly working on my Tax application accidentally has uploaded some other people tax applications to my account on their "secured" platform. Now I am very worried that they ...
Sang's user avatar
  • 11
3 votes
2 answers
156 views

Can a party decide that something that wasn't initially considered confidential, now is?

If I have signed a confidentiality agreement with an employer or client, can they provide me with information that would generally be considered non-confidential but then change their mind and require ...
Fred-T-800's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
236 views

Therapist-Client Confidentiality and Limits

Is the Therapist-Client confidentiality valid even after the passing away of the client? Also if not what repercussions could a Therapist face for revealing such details after the said person had ...
FoundABetterName's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
2k views

What happens to confidentiality agreements after company dissolves?

I worked as a consultant for a company that dissolved. I signed a confidentiality agreement that ended with "This Section shall survive termination of this Agreement." Out of curiosity am I ...
Fred-T-800's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
171 views

Can a confidentiality agreement require you to not say who your client was?

Does the following Confidentiality Agreement mean the Consultant cannot say who the Client who he was doing the work for was? For example if Bob was hired by Staffing Agency to work at McDonald's, ...
Fred-T-800's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
51 views

How do I address the Recipient of this Non disclosure agreement?

When a non disclosure agreement (NDA) is between an individual (the Discloser) and a Director of a research institute (the Recipient), how should the Recipient be addressed? Just as an individual or ...
blu potatos's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
135 views

Can a patent attorney steal your invention in initial consultation?

I disclosed my invention with a patent attorney on my first free consultation to understand if it is patentable and get advice. The patent attorney told me that I can disclose it because they are ...
blu potatos's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
180 views

In Washington state must a doctor report things that happened in the past?

Are Washington state's mandated reporting requirements triggered if a doctor discovers that their adult patient had been abused in the past? What if there are no longer any 'protected populations' at ...
Nutel's user avatar
  • 41
0 votes
1 answer
115 views

Does a patient have a right to obtain a copy of documents verifying a physician's claims of his qualification?

Some physicians offer online consultations to patients who reside abroad. In these cases do patients have an opportunity to verify the identity of the physician? Some information is not intended for ...
Noir's user avatar
  • 135
0 votes
2 answers
173 views

I'm afraid I disclosed confidential information. What do you think?

I'm a shareholder and developer at a startup. Last month the board announced me that they will fire me, due to a merge with a partner as I'm considered redundant and all development will be moved to ...
ARisseu's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
239 views

Disclosing damning information as a lawyer

Let's say I'm a defense lawyer and my client is a criminal that killed 50 people so far, but got away with it every single time, and he's on trial for a 51st, which he's also poised to escape because ...
Lhakryma DL's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
74 views

When (if ever) is it a tort for a reporter to reveal "off the record" info?

Outside of NDAs and other confidentiality contracts, are there any circumstances where it would be a tort for a reporter to reveal information that was shared under an "off the record" condition?
Matthew Cline's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
195 views

Expiration for confidential technical knowledge

While working at previous employers I have been exposed to confidential technical information. As usual, this is covered in the confidentiality agreement that I signed. The agreement puts no ...
Hilmar's user avatar
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