Questions tagged [corporate-law]

The body of law about corporations, including mergers, acquisitions, corporate governance, corporate liability, finance, and bankruptcy. The fact that a question involves a corporation does not make it a corporate law question.

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Is it legal for someone on an H1B to found a startup?

I have a friend sponsored on an H1B visa that I'd like to start to a software company with. We would not be securing outside capital. I'm wondering if the terms of an H1B visa which I believe prevent ...
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Woman harrassment at Corporate workplace

Can a criminal case be filed for the following information provided below against the Top management of the corporate and against immediate supervisor whom she was reporting to with FIR at the police ...
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can a Private limited company in India be converted into NGO/section8 company?

In recent times Cloudflare converted into a non-profitable organization even though it has lots of paid and unpaid services, but it was located outside India but provides service in India. Cloudflare ...
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Can U.S. companies legally document stock buybacks as assets?

In the U.S., Jack creates a C-corporation and funds it with $100, receiving 100 shares in return. Greg, a passive investor, then gives the company $900 in exchange for 900 newly issued shares. The ...
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How many people must be on the board of directors of a U.S. nonprofit organization?

Non-legally-savvy individual in Pennsylvania (PA) in the U.S. here. I've been learning a little about nonprofit corporations recently, and have had trouble finding a definitive answer to the question: ...
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Legal definitions differentiating 'corporation' and 'private estate' in relation to Duchy of Cornwall

The Duchy of Cornwall is classified as a 'private estate' and therefore is exempt from corporation and capital gains tax. Investopedia defines a corporation as 'a legal entity that is separate and ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Is there a geographic legal limit on copyright infringement?

Does anyone know if there's a geographic legal limit on copyright infringement? There's a Spanish company "S" using as a corporate image, a downloadable logo from a global provider of ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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As an Iranian, can I sign an Independent contractor agreement, and work remotely for a EU company from Iran?

Are there any restrictions for citizens of sanctioned countries such as Iran to work "remotely" for Europe companies or foundations? if it matters, work mentioned in question is about mobile ...
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2 votes
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Why do some companies explicitly assign a very low cash value to promotions?

I came across this small print for the opening days promotion on the Tim Hortons UK website: Specifically, both offers contain the following disclaimers in the small print: Cash value £0.0001p. Not ...
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What is penalty for not closing Delaware C-Corp?

I'm a non-US citizen and started Delaware C-Corp in Sep 2021, now I have to pay $400 franchise tax, accountant cost, and closing cost. I don't close this C-corp officially and In the future, If I have ...
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What marks the closing of an equity financing?

Years ago, as an angel investor, I invested in a startup company via a convertible note. The note converts on the closing of certain equity financing events. So what determines the closing of an ...
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PLLC protection still intact if using personal credit card for expenses

Would using a personal credit card to buy things for a single-member PLLC risk weakening the protection it offers over personal assets, or is it fine as long as proper accounting is maintained? It ...
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What are the (legal) aspects to consider before accepting a technical advisor position? [closed]

Recently, I was offered a position at a startup company as a Technical Advisor, given some equity. The position seems very appealing with a great potential, but this will be my first time taking such ...
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Pulled off Amazon on a specious trademark claim

Selling products on Amazon, I've had a listing pulled over "trademark violation" for mentioning that an HVAC sets come with acme fittings and/or acme adapters. Is there any way that this ...
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What happens if a corporate person gets sentenced to prison?

I recently saw the quote “I will recognize corporations as people the day the state of Texas puts one to death.", and this got me wondering about how punishments targeting the person of the ...
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PLLC's and LLC's

I was recently looking into the PLLC legal structure and am wondering if there are any benefits to forming a PLLC over an LLC in states where professionals are not required to form a PLLC. At first ...
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3 votes
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Why and how would shareholders pay fines for a company?

Recently I read an article on a PG&E settlement which stated that PG&E shareholders would pay a $40 million fine and spend another $85 million Why is the fine being levied on PG&E ...
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Is the term "dividend" relevant only for companies?

Is the term "dividend" relevant only for companies? Or is it relevant to other types of corporations as well (such as a simple partnership of 2 or more partners)?
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Who owns the company before the founders' shares vest (HBO's Silicon Valley plot point)?

In the HBO show Silicon Valley, an important plot point is when one investor fires the founder/CEO against everyone's objections. Originally, the founder gave 10% of the company to investor A (a ...
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How to protect your idea/application to be stolen by investors?

Think person A has a great software business idea. He also knows software programming and converts his idea to a mobile application. Then he needs to raise some money to launch the application, do ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Is it possible for a non-citizen nor GC holder do crowdfunding inside the US?

Supose that a person A is an international student in the US. A has an idea and like to launch a company on that. I know A doesn't have a work permission but also believe that A can register a company ...
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2 votes
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Insider trading and assertions made by influent agents

It is possible for an influent (private) agent, namely someone who has the power to direct the market, to buy a stock before giving a positive announcement about the stock itself? Does his investment ...
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Can board members have unequal voting rights at a for-profit corporation in California?

California requires multiple board members when there are multiple shareholders. With equal voting rights, this can allow a minority shareholder, who is a board member, to have a disproportional ...
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What prevents a business from separating the liability and revenue into two separate entities?

I know holding companies are a common way to separate the liability of business operations from the assets of a company, but is there any legal reason why businesses don't take this a step further? ...
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What can the Chairman of the board do if he is on bad terms with the majority shareholders / directors

Our (Australian Incorporated) company is growing and we have been suggested to hire an influential individual to be the Chairman of our board. He has a lot of connections, experience, old , mature ...
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Do corporations have any constitutional rights?

An existing answer establishes fairly well that corporations in the United States do not have Fifth Amendment rights against self-incrimination. That leads me to wonder, do corporations in the US have ...
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Is it possible to create a non-profit business on F-2 visa status?

Consider a person comes to the US with an F-2 visa status and has a plan to get his/her green card in the next year, but at the moment he/she likes to start a commercial website or mobile app but for ...
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11 votes
1 answer
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Spin-off company with all parent's debt?

Out of curiosity, is it theoretically possible for a parent company to create a spin off company that holds all of its debt and no assets? Then the subsidiary spin-off company will declare bankruptcy ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
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Should Bob choose a manager while registering a new company?

Bob is an F-2(Student dependent) visa holder in the US who wants to establish a new company. Bob is not entitled to work in the U.S.. According to a video I saw on youtube that you must introduce a ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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Any jurisdiction - can a company self-destruct with a by-law?

Would it be possible for a corporation or not-for-profit organization to legally include a self-destruct clause in founders agreement, by-laws, or similar binding agreement, one that can not or is ...
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Is a companies domain inherently included in the sale?

The situation is that I'm contracted for a company to do a website migration of the company's official website. The company was bought 7 years ago and the former owner remained contracted to manage ...
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1 answer
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How can i check a curent investigation of a company?

I'm interested in crypto, and unfortunately there's what i suspect to be this huge scam going on the market, its called tether, although legally i can't claim it is a scam. Basically they've had a ...
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Is there any limit on how much bonuses can be given before filing for bankruptcy in the United States?

I read on https://www.cnn.com/2020/05/26/investing/hertz-bankruptcy-executive-bonuses/index.html (mirror): Hertz paid out millions of dollars in bonuses to its executives just before its bankruptcy --...
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2 answers
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Are directors employees of the company?

Directors tell the company what to do but most directors also get paid for their services. Does that make directors employees of the company?
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1 answer
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Is a Director of an organization entitled to information on the D&O insurance?

A group of several churches have come together to form a high school, with each church electing one representative to serve on a Board of Directors. My church's director has been met with resistance ...
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2 answers
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Can a company control who its shareholders are?

The current owners of a privately held company can decide who to sell the business to. (For example, a startup can choose which VC firms to raise from.) But what about a publicly-traded company? Can ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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What to do about Corporate ownership and registration renewal documents if Delaware corporate state registry had expired?

20 years ago a corporation was formed to purchase a private aircraft. The Delaware corporation's state charter had expired years ago due to non-payment of renewal fee. What are the legal ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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Confusion about by-laws, unanimous member agreements, and appointment of directors in Canadian not-for-profit organizations

The starting point for my question is this by-law for a not-for-profit organization in Canada (the by-law is about the make-up of the board of directors): "(b) A majority of the Directors must ...
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1 vote
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Are there any European Commission decisions on the duration of the non-compete clause?

Do you know any examples of European Commission decisions on the duration of the non-compete clause/obligations in corporate law? I mean contracts when this non-compete clause was too long according ...
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7 votes
5 answers
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Can a company officially decide to break the law since the penalty for breaking it is cheaper than following it?

For example imagine a company in Washington that needs a temporary building for its workers to live in during the summer. Instead of bothering with permits, they rapidly construct a dormitory for ...
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Are most major lawsuits against corporations filed in federal courts in the U.S.?

My impression is that this is true, but I am not sure. By "major", I meant lawsuits that potentially lead to large sums in damages. If you have any hard statistics to share, please do!
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Geographical Protections

For a small Non-profit business, if you want to include a Geographical Region as part of your business name, then is it a Legally Enforceable requirement that the business has ties to the region (e.g. ...
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Are companies at sexual discrimination risk for using whiteboard interviews during the job interview?

Background Currently, many companies hiring software development engineers use a whiteboard algorithms interview technique. This involves asking the job candidate to code a solution to an algorithm ...
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Are there databases that collect historical state and local government-initiated lawsuits against corporations?

For instance, this database collects federal lawsuits against corporations. Is there an equivalent one that collects state and local government initiated lawsuits?
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What is the advantage of having a legal domicile in the Caymans?

I was researching corporate structures and stumbled upon a large Chinese company called SMIC. They are legally domiciled in the Caymans. I was wondering what the advantage for them to have a legal ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Who holds legal rights to manage a fund's money?

Scenario: Bob, Larry, and Curly want to invest their money together. Bob will be the active investor and Larry and Curly will only contribute capital. They set up two companies: Company M (...
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1 answer
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Why big corporations do not include the copyright notice into their WEB [HTML] code?

One of the first things that I learned when writing code was to copyright it. As far as I know, the things to do are: Create a license file that describes the copyright and lists the software files. ...
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1 vote
2 answers
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Does statute prescribe algorithm for calculating quorum?

Does Florida Condo Law FS718 or any relevant statute provide guidance as to how to determine the minimum number of Florida condo board directors must be present for a meeting if a 5 seat board has ...
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My bank sold a local branch to another bank, including my accounts, without my permission. Is that legal?

My bank sold a local branch to another bank (in the state of Wisconsin, United States of America), including my accounts, without my permission. My first knowledge of it was that my debit card was ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Compliance of .eu domain names post-Brexit

I am a sole-trader who operates purely in the UK, and I also have a corresponding (dormant) Limited company on 'Companies House'. I have both .com and .co.uk suffixes. I also have .eu suffix, and ...
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