Questions tagged [criminal-law]

For questions about laws related to crime. Please add a location tag if the question is specific to a particular jurisdiction.

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UK law: party to conspiracy to pervert justice?

Suppose that some firm has two managers of equal status and one manager perverts the course of justice by supplying false information to a solicitor. If the second manager becomes aware of this, but ...
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Laundering between different jurisdictions

Is money laundered outside the U.S. in a country with which the U.S. does not have an extradition treaty illegal in the U.S.? In this matter, I do not mean that a country will ask the United States to ...
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UK: perverting the course of justice and employment tribunals

Suppose a person in the UK takes his/her employer to an Employment Tribunal. Some time after, the person finds that the employer fabricated evidence that was important to the outcome of the case. Can ...
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What is punishment (if any) for making another adult involuntary intoxicated with alcohol, no other actions and injury, USA?

I've tried to goggle, I only find intoxication defense. I'm interested what is punishment (if any) for making another involuntary intoxicated with alcohol knowing it was alcohol and the goal was to ...
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10 votes
3 answers
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Operationalizing the definition of "dating relationship" in federal US domestic violence law

I read in the New York Times that the US Congress is trying to fix the "Boyfriend loophole" in gun purchase restriction laws after domestic violence convictions. They note that individuals ...
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Would publicly farting on a picture of the English monarch actually qualify as treason in 1798?

A famous political cartoon from 1798 by Richard Newton claims that farting on a picture of the British monarch would be prosecutable as "TREASON!!!" (caps and multiple exclamation marks in ...
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How are plea bargains legal?

The constitution says: The Trial of all Crimes, except in Cases of Impeachment, shall be by Jury... Not: The Trial of all Crimes, except in Cases of Impeachment or with the consent of the accused, ...
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Is knowledge of someone owning a firearm enough for police action/prosecution?

Bob and Eve are work colleagues. Eve owns an unlicensed firearm, which could be illegal, be that a pistol, rifle or a shotgun. Eve mentions that she owns such a weapon to Bob. Bob is concerned for his ...
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What capital offences were repealed in Canada as of 2022?

In Canada, what offences specified death as a possible punishment but were repealed while death was still specified as a penalty? Or are there none? Specifically, I want to know the set S (which could ...
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Is it criminal to threaten suicide, or to have thoughts of suicide?

Psychiatric doctrine asserts entitlement to incarcerate someone on grounds of the bogeymen of suicidal and homicidal ideations. This is arguably a bit rich, because suicide and homicide are both ...
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What safe guards are present for defendants from being deprived of basic, fundamental defendant rights by appointed counsel?

TL;DR Super-long fact pattern with rather generic question, only read if you are ok to find that the question may not even really be answered very helpfully. Please be patient, thanks! FACTS This &...
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If a stateless person commits a crime in Bir Tawil (land that belongs to no country), which country will regulate the punishment?

Let's imagine a guy Bob. Bob has no citizenship (stateless). Bob ended up on a land that doesn't belong to any country (Bir Tawil). Bob commited a particular crime (let's say, he murdered another ...
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A dual civil lawsuit & criminal case

This one pertains to Canadian Law: Can one have a case in which an employee for a company performed an act in malice that caused injury to a party. Then that party puts forward a criminal case against ...
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What offences are punishable by death in Canada in 2022?

Summary It is possible to charge with, convict of, and sentence for serious offences at any time, even 120 years later. The punishment is determined by checking the punishment at two points in time: ...
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Recklessly endangering the English public by throwing objects

Is it a criminal offence to recklessly endanger the English public by throwing objects? For example, throwing bottles or bricks over the wall of a multi-storey car park. This particularly applies if ...
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Sentencing guidelines for Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act 2000 (RIPA)

I have read into section 49 of the Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act 2000 (RIPA) which can demand suspects surrender passwords for encrypted devices, and section 53 makes it an offence not to do ...
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24 votes
4 answers
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Is it true that a teacher can't engage/attack a shooter from behind during a school shooting that is in progress?

I have a cousin who is a teacher and a few years ago we had a long discussion about school shootings and part of this discussion was about what teachers can and cannot do during a school shooting that ...
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In England & Wales, is self-harm a legal defence to possessing a bladed object?

Buried in this BBC article is the following paragraph about a girl caught in public possessing a blade which she used to self-harm: [The girl] later appeared in court accused of possession of a ...
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4 votes
2 answers
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Double indictment for the same act

Say a murder is committed. The DA indicts someone, who is tried, and found not guilty by a jury of his peers. Is it possible that after some more police investigations, the DA can then indict a second ...
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1 answer
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Summary-only offence time limits

I was reading about Summary only offences here, focusing on the England & Wales jurisdiction, where the general rule is a six months statute of limitations. The general rule for time bars on ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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Find case law for Acts of Parliament

I am new to the field of law, focusing on common law (criminal only) in the jurisdiction of England & Wales. I have searched the government legislation website for various acts, in this case the ...
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1 answer
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Woman harrassment at Corporate workplace [closed]

Can a criminal case be filed for the following information provided below against the Top management of the corporate and against immediate supervisor whom she was reporting to with FIR at the police ...
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-1 votes
4 answers
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The spectrum of legality

I've always envisioned "legality" as a spectrum, with the label of completely illegal at one end, and the label of strictly legal at the other end. In the middle, I see different levels of ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Could a person be convicted for violating the US Flag Code?

If I understand the US Flag Code correctly, it is a federal law which prohibits certain actions, but does not allow any penalty for violations. Could a person technically be convicted under the Flag ...
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3 answers
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What is actually the difference between a *crime* and a *civil wrong*?

I have two questions I'd like some help on, the answers to which potentially depend on each other. The first is a working definition for a civil wrong (as opposed to a crime). The second is whether ...
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24 votes
6 answers
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Can you be punished for planning a crime and what constitutes "planning"?

I just read a different question here on Law.SE that asked something along the lines of "Would it be illegal to do XYZ? I want to do this, but I'm not sure if it's legal." So, that seems ...
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Is it blackmail to menace someone with reporting them to an authority if they don't comply?

Under the Crimes Act (Vic) https://www.austlii.edu.au/cgi-bin/viewdoc/au/legis/vic/consol_act/ca195882/s87.html it mentions that you cannot menace someone in order to obtain some benefit or to cause ...
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If a company tells you to commit billing fraud, what might be the consequences for doing so?

If a company tells you to commit billing fraud, what might be the consequences for doing so? Let's say you committed billing fraud, because the company told you to do so. Do you have to pay the amount ...
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Legality of "counter-blackmailing" with calling/reporting to the police

Is there an exemption to the illegality of blackmailing if that blackmailing is of the sort "if you don't stop blackmailing me, I will call the police"? Why am I asking this exactly? A more ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
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Explicit images sent to children

I know that explicit images of minors are illegal, as it constitutes child pornography. However, is it illegal for a child to consentingly receive explicit photos from an adult?
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Is a recorded telephone conversation admissible evidence if someone is being told the conversation is not being recorded?

Given the situation in which person A is recording a telephone conversation with person B, if person B asks person A if the conversation is being recorded and person A says ‘no’, is the conversation ...
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-2 votes
2 answers
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In 2011 two 14-year-old girls held an 11-year-old boy down and stripped him completely naked

The girls then uploaded a video of him being held down naked to Youtube and they weren't prosecuted, why is this? https://web.archive.org/web/20110604124555/https://www.winknews.com/Local-Florida/2011-...
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Am I responsible for accidental damage done by an electrician?

If I hire an electrician to do some job, and he caused a fire at the house. Am I also somehow legally responsible for the accident because I hired him and not another electrician, who might have been ...
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1 answer
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What can someone do when scammed in the crypto world? How to report the scam and recover your crypto?

Do the police work against scammers and fraudster in the crypto world? How can someone report to law enforcement a fraud in crypto space?
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What content is banned in Germany in WhatsApp profile pictures?

There is an image being published in the internets which shows that, allegedly, in German city of Paderborn having the letter Z and the Russian flag in your WhatsApp profile is a violation of section ...
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1 vote
3 answers
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Making specific accusations about non-specific people

Making accusations of a (serious) crime without evidence is, as far as I understand, illegal. If acusations are knowingly false, this is in fact a crime, of perverting the course of justice, otherwise ...
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5 votes
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What law(s) did Paul Bussetti break when he burnt the model of Grenfell Tower?

Paul Bussetti has just been given a 10-week suspended jail sentence for burning a model of Grenfell Tower (The tower in London that caught fire in 2017 killing 72 people). Having read that BBC article ...
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Is Ground Glass (still) illegal in Arizona? [duplicate]

I was watching Hamilton's Pharmacopeia and on Season 2, Episode 4, it is claimed that Ground Glass is illegal in Arizona. I tried to do some digging to confirm or falsify that, but the earliest ...
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Can the government arrest Will Smith for assault even if Chris Rock does not make a case? [duplicate]

In South Africa police people don't have to wait for a case to be opened. If there is evidence that you did a crime you can be arrested regardless of what the victim stance on the matter is. Is this ...
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Can testimony from a mistrial be used in succeeding trials?

On the 12th of August 2012, 15-year-old Bobby Moore III was shot and killed by Little Rock (AR) PD officer Joshua Hastings. I highly recommend reading this article that covers the case pretty well, as ...
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In Texas, can prosecutors be defense attorneys for free outside the job?

In another thread, I was told that DAs and other prosecutors are typically prohibited from engaging in volunteer, pro bono work. However, I've now come across the following Texas Bar statement, which ...
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18 votes
1 answer
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Can an "FBI domain seizure" April Fools joke land you in jail?

I found this GitHub repository that contains collection of several different intelligence agency domain seizure pages, including FBI domain seizure. It is meant to be used by said agencies for real ...
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1 answer
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Computer Misuse Act 1990 vs Police and Justice Act 2006

I am studying towards a qualification called CREST CPSA, reading through their syllabus guide here. It covers some sections on Law that I was hoping to clarify on here. On PDF page 6/20 it covers the ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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While stopping an active shooter, if I accidentally shoot a bystander, could I be held criminally and/or civilly liable?

The question pretty much covers it, but I will elaborate. Let's imagine I am in a public place, such as a mall, or some other large gathering of people, when I hear gunshots ring out. Let's say that I ...
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Why are the other three police officers in the Murder of George Floyd case also charged?

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Murder_of_George_Floyd Kueng, Lane, and Thao: State charges: Aiding and abetting second-degree murder Particularly for Thao, he did not touch Floyd at all. So Thao ...
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When was the first criminal court trial with DNA evidence in North Dakota?

I want to find the first criminal court trial with DNA evidence in North Dakota, that led to conviction. I have found the case of Dale Joseph Burke, who was convicted for murder on September 17, 1998 (...
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20 votes
5 answers
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"Pressing charges" - is it needed to bring a charge?

In movies, it is often the case that we see police decline to proceed with a case because the victim "refused to press charges". Recently we saw this with the battery of Chris Rock by Will ...
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Mandate vs Law Distinction

I have general concerns about government overreach and encroachments upon liberties. On several occasions during the last two years I've heard people mention that a mandate is not a law. I'd like to ...
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1 vote
2 answers
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Is it legal to steal a car to save your life when your life is in danger?

Person A is bein chased by person B who is carrying a knife. Person A has good reason to believe that if person B catches him, his life will be in danger. As person A runs away, he sees a convertible ...
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5 votes
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The parties in an appealed criminal case

I have a question with regards to the parties of a criminal case on appeal. In a civil case for example, Adam v Seaside Holdings Ltd, the parties are: Appellant: Adam Respondent: Seaside Holdings Ltd ...
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