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Questions tagged [england-and-wales]

Questions specific to England and Wales

2
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1answer
65 views

Extra tenant outside of contract [closed]

I own a 3-bedroom, ex-council flat in London (UK) which I'm renting out via an agency as I currently reside outside the country. During all my communications with the agency, they always mention ...
6
votes
1answer
110 views

Dispute unpaid debt of a deceased family member

My elderly relative died in December 2018. Her gardener has now (January 2019) sent us an itemised invoice. The items begin in March 2018 and end in November (my relative last left the house in ...
1
vote
1answer
67 views

Am I required to re-attach neighbours gate to my fence post?

I’ve had my my fence replaced including new posts, which I’m 100% sure is my my fence, post, and boundary. Previously the neighbour’s gate was directly attached to my fence post, I’ve allowed it to ...
2
votes
1answer
36 views

Is there a difference between “say” and “submit” in court parlance?

In the (senior) courts of England & Wales, a submission given verbally might perhaps be introduced with: We say… or We submit… Strictly speaking, is there some distinction ...
1
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2answers
140 views

At what point is a marriage lawful?

When my sister got married, at the rehearsal the celebrant said he had to be careful what he said and when because if he said 'too much' they would end up married sooner than they planned. Although ...
0
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1answer
42 views

Spent convictions

How long does it take for a conviction which will result in a fine and community order to become spent in England for someone over 18 years of age ?
0
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1answer
17 views

Correct places of service for companies in England and Wales

Civil Procedure Rule 6.9(2) states: Subject to paragraphs (3) to (6), the claim form must be served on the defendant at the place shown in the following table. (For service out of the ...
4
votes
1answer
70 views

Use of trademark in personal email alias

I've just signed up to a new service (company) using my usual practice of giving them a unique email address companyname@mydomain.com. I've just received an email stating: Thank you for ...
0
votes
1answer
61 views

Can I ask for disclosure of CCTV to be used in Appeal against Possession order in UK

A district Judge made an unfair and biased possession order to make me homeless despite I provided large volume of evidence such as digitally dated photos, Facebook photos, over than 8 neighbours ...
0
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1answer
103 views

How do I calculate damages for educational misconduct?

I have an issue with my university. After 3 years of PhD research, I have presented to my examiners a out-of-format interdisciplinary research, as agreed with my supervisor. Unfortunately, my ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

London: actions to take against a landlord who breached the law on many occasions

I have been living in London for several years now and experienced issues with one of my last landlords (professional one). I'm looking for your legal advice on what actions to take. To give you a ...
0
votes
1answer
80 views

London: how to deal with a landlord not protecting a deposit and not rembursing it?

I have been living in London for several years now and experienced issues with one of my last letting agencies. I'm looking for your legal advice on what actions to take. It was an Assured Shorthold ...
3
votes
1answer
68 views

Can a person be charged in absentia in the English and Welsh jurisdiction?

In England and Wales a person can certainly be tried in absentia, but can they be charged in absentia?
0
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2answers
72 views

Can my work force me to pay for their compulsory in-house training?

My contract with work states if I leave within 18 months I must pay for the mandatory training they sent me on of £1800. I am already qualified in my field and this course was just to learn their way ...
0
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0answers
82 views

A landlord must provide free internet access, can he charge a deposit for the router?

Had an interesting conversation with a friend about what would happen in such a situation. Let's suppose the contractual term was: "Internet must be provided free of charge to tenants". But a ...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

Contract and back dated pay

So basically I am in a situation where I finished my apprenticeship at a big company and was promised a pay rise in February that still hasn't happened. I was taken on with a fixed 12 month contract ...
4
votes
1answer
824 views

Switching sides

I'm writing a drama and need some help. Can a criminal lawyer in a rape case switch sides from the person they are representing to the victim if they have been fired by their client?
0
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0answers
49 views

Can a parent forcibly restrict a child's finances?

Some savings accounts in the UK require a bank book which is taken as proof of the account and the payments in and out are recorded in them. This is the main way that the account is accessed. If the ...
1
vote
1answer
78 views

Is the formalism “I put you on notice” important, in UK law, or can a less formal wording be equivalent?

Example case: a high value car specialist/expert sold me a car with a serious defect they should have known of and disclosed (such as past accident history) while warranting the condition was good/...
1
vote
1answer
85 views

Is one liable if illegal material is found on one's own server?

This question was prompted by a news article I read earlier today, in which a person described the dilemma they faced on discovering illegal material had been stored by an unidentified third party on ...
-1
votes
1answer
204 views

A teacher at my college is being threatening towards my friend, is it illegal to catch him in the act with audio?

For a while now, a tutor at my college has been bullying and threatening my friend and she told me today that she did not feel safe around him at all. When no one is around he raises his voice and ...
4
votes
2answers
101 views

Clause in contract - is there a law protecting me from a landlord abusing it?

Context So, I'm going through the process of creating a shorthold tenancy with a private landlord in the UK. We've done our references and now are down to signing the contract. Everything in the ...
4
votes
1answer
108 views

How to mention a possibility of litigation/prosecution without accidentally making a “demand with menaces”, in English criminal law?

In English Law, extortion and blackmail are described under section 21 Theft Act 1968, as an "unwarranted demand with menaces", There's criteria and definitions, but they don't seem to matter much ...
1
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0answers
42 views

Does the UK have a legal precedent for “inherence” with refunding digital goods (& associated contracts)?

For example, if one were to purchase a digitally distributed video game, then a year or two later purchase DLC (or other content reliant on the game to be used), if a refund was obtained on the ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

What is meant by a litigant insuring a judge's life?

'Lord Scarman' The Telegraph (10 Dec 2004). Scarman was assigned to the Probate, Divorce and Admiralty Division (moving to the Family Division when it was abolished) and presided over the longest ...
2
votes
1answer
121 views

Under English law is it permissable to be arrested for one thing but charged with another?

I saw a high profile case where this happened today and wondered about it. I understand there probably will (and probably should) be some leeway in this, but if one was arrested for breach of the ...
0
votes
2answers
92 views

What recourse do I have if I can't meet a tight deadline to complete on a house purchase?

I've recently put down a reservation to buy a new-build flat in London, UK. This is one of the last flats available in the block and the builder is in a rush to complete and get the money as soon as ...
0
votes
1answer
320 views

Legal Meaning of “Embarrassing”

A while ago on English.SE TimLymington posted: For what it's worth, embarrassing is a term of art in the British courts, meaning 'impossible to prove or disprove (and so having no place in a ...
1
vote
2answers
75 views

Why aren't UKSC justices judicial titles abbreviated?

Why aren't 'Lord' and 'Lady' abbreviated? E.g., In Braganza v BP Shipping Ltd [2015] UKSC 17, Neuberger L. dissented, but Hale L. delievered a majority judgment. In Belhaj v Straw [2017] ...
4
votes
1answer
113 views

Is it legal to force a atheist student to read a prayer in a Church of England UK academy?

At my school, which is a Church of England academy, instead of assemblies, we do "Collective Worship" (although everyone still calls them assemblies). With whole-school assemblies, each class takes ...
2
votes
1answer
65 views

Party Wall Act - unclear interpretation of party fence wall definition?

I'm looking at sections 1(1)(b) and 20 of the Party Wall Act, and they just don't make sense to me, definitionally. Problem #1: s.20 seems to provide an impossible or meaningless definition s.20: “...
3
votes
2answers
129 views

GDPR liability for Web Designer

I am a web designer that works with a range of clients on a project basis. I complete a project and then offer my services at any hourly rate for any other work required in the future. Do I have a ...
1
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0answers
46 views

In Canada and England & Wales, why' 'versus' pronounced as 'and'?

Source: Introduction to The Study of Law (8 edn, 2016), p. 11 Middle. THE LANGUAGE Of LITIGATION   The parties to an ordinary civil action are called the plaintiff and defendant ...
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0answers
12 views

Uk concession 2008

Can someone explain to me about the 2008 protection for people who overstayed in the Uk before they had to be out by November of that year?
3
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2answers
53 views

How can laypeople investigate an airline's allegation of 'extraordinary circumstances'?

Some airlines allege 'extraordinary circumstances', e.g. to deny liability and shirk compensating under Recital (14) of Regulation (EC) No 261/2004: (14) As under the Montreal Convention, ...
2
votes
1answer
57 views

Does using English university’s complaints procedure estop Full Merits Review by a judge?

King’s College London (“KCL”) denied my request for everlasting Alternative Venues, and Stage 1 (Local information resolution) failed. They informed me that the next step is Stage 2 (Formal ...
1
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0answers
42 views

How can I seek permanent Personalised Assessment Arrangements, rather than reapplying each year?

I'm severely disabled. Under Outcomes and length of arrangements: If your condition is long-term and unchanging, the Personalised Assessment [henceforth PA] Arrangements Committee (PAAC) will ...
2
votes
1answer
103 views

How can I challenge university's policy to provide Alternative Formats for only “Core” books?

I've print disability, and my university in England sorted my requested books into 3 kinds: Core, Recommended, and Not on Reading List. Like the quote beneath, it'll furnish me Alternative Format (...
2
votes
0answers
37 views

Can I challenge UKVI's No Refund policy over Balance of Probabilities, if UKVI curtailed Tier 4 Visa as I adjourned studies because of illnesses? [closed]

My sister started her 3-year undergraduate degree in England in Sep. 2016, and ought to have started Year 2 in Sep. 2017, but had to adjourn because of illnesses. Thus UKVI terminated her visa in ...
4
votes
1answer
96 views

Is there a time limit on manslaughter charges?

Summary: Is there any automatic liability for death by health complications caused by someone already charged for causing the complication? I'm aware charges can be revisited but does it have to be ...
0
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0answers
40 views

Party Wall - Roofing

My neighbour is currently having their roof replaced and laying a different colour tile, this is fine but they have actually went onto my roof with a different colour tile and it looks absolutely ...
1
vote
3answers
194 views

Is this (hypothetical situation) rape and/or rape by deception?

In this (completely hypothetical) situation where identical twins are impossible to tell apart, would/could a prosecutor bring charges of rape? This takes place in England. Apologies for length. To ...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

What crimes have been committed in English law?

This is an odd question, I know, I’m writing a novel, know nothing about law, and would really appreciate your help. Is this illegal (in England): Person A looks a lot like Person B. With Person B'...
2
votes
1answer
89 views

Is there a concept of a plea-bargained confession in English law?

Forgive the basic questions, I know nothing about law. I’m writing a novel that ends with a serious crime and I’d be so grateful for assistance. A StackExchange user from the US suggested that a ...
3
votes
2answers
159 views

Is it a crime to give away property without consent?

At work, if I deliberately place a sticker on a jar of nice coffee which says "help yourself", without the knowledge or consent of the owner of that coffee, and knowing the coffee isn't mine and and ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

Is it decorous to refer to mainstays (people recurring in a legal document) by abbreviations?

Presume that these mainstays (even if their names are short) can all be named publicly. I fancy referring to them only with my abbreviations that I introduce on the first page, to save space and ...
3
votes
1answer
146 views

Is O'Reilly Media engaging in false advertising?

Background: I own copies of several fairly expensive paper books published by O'Reilly Media. One of my primary reasons for buying these books instead of alternatives from competing publishers, was ...
-1
votes
1answer
16 views

Fair use for a free online school notes [UK]

We are working a project for a website which will offer free notes, and we don't plan on selling them, although we may use advertising at one point to help pay for the domain etc. However, we were ...
3
votes
2answers
97 views

Found mis-delivered parcel after receiving refund - must I tell the store?

A parcel ordered through a store was meant to be delivered to me on Saturday 30th. It wasn't. Going through the delivery firm's customer service, they couldn't determine where it had been delivered to ...
0
votes
1answer
716 views

'Factual matrix' vs. 'Fact pattern'

Google revealed a definition of 'Fact Pattern/Situation' (abbreviate to FP) A concise description of all the occurrences or circumstances of a particular case, without any discussion of their ...