Questions tagged [european-union]

For questions related to legal systems of European countries and to legal harmonization in Europe, especially in the context of European Union law.

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29 views

Irish citizenship or Permanent residence after 5 years of residence for EU citizen and their non-EU Family?

European Union law secures EU Citizens' right to travel in the member countries freely. They can also bring their non-EU family member(s) with them in certain instances. This page mentions that: ...
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141 views

How can German supermarkets get away with not following the EU regulations, which have been established long ago?

Since 2011, EU regulations on food labeling states require most foods label's to contain nutritional facts of the food. However, as a person who has been living in Germany for a couple of months, it ...
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52 views

Can I leave a EU country (Germany) with an expired visa but with a another already being created?

The case of my friend is: she lives in Germany, has a visa that is already expired, and she already paid for a new one and it is being produced, but the waiting time is 2+ month. She can't wait ...
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40 views

CE certification for toner cartridges of laser printers

Concerning toner cartridges and drum units of laser printers, I'm interested in ascertaining whether, according to European Commission Directives currently in force, a CE Certification document is ...
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31 views

Would distributing a vocabulary list for a copyrighted work violate the copyright of the original work?

I am considering the scenario where a vocabulary list is produced for a movie or book through use of an automated program, perhaps with manual cleanup. I get the impression that the copyright status ...
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127 views

European prohibitions on bullbars on public roads

I am looking to drive my American SUV in Europe (mainly in the UK, but also probably France, Italy and Germany). I have a hefty bullbar on both the front and back of my 2002 Chevrolet Suburban, ...
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1answer
53 views

Suing a Spanish company in Spanish courts as an UK citizen - Brexit

I want to sue a Spanish company and I'm a UK citizen hence currently an EU citizen. I've been told EU citizens have a right to sue Spanish companies through Spanish courts, whereas non-EU citizens ...
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1answer
200 views

Is abortion of children with Down's syndrome legal in EU?

In many countries of the European Union, abortions are performed on women after knowledge of down syndrome in the embryo. In some countries this disease has almost disappeared from the population. And ...
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1answer
35 views

Can the owner of a national trademark oppose the application of a trademark in another country when both are in the EU?

I've got a wordmark in an EU country, which is the name of my company. Someone else applied a logo as a figurative mark which contains their company name, in another EU country. Their company name is ...
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1answer
155 views

Are online retailers breaking EU/US law by using user's log-in information to charge different prices without explicitly notifying them?

I am aware that in most places firms are generally allowed to price discriminate, i.e. offer different prices for the same product to different customers based on personal characteristics. For example,...
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165 views

The right to hide one's password

It's well known that you should never reveal your password to anyone -- including your boss, your sysadmin, etc. My friend's former boss has sued her, demanding (among other things) the password to ...
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A question regarding becoming European and German patent attorney

I'm thinking about becoming an European and German patent attorney. I'm right now studying electronics, but consider myself closer to informatics, and software development. As far as I have researched,...
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Accepting two offers from two EU countries

I had an offer from a Spanish company last month and I accepted it. And because I am a non EU citizen I need Visa process to be completed before I can join I am waiting for some documents here in my ...
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47 views

What does “in particular” mean in EU legislation?

The context of this question is the Schengen Borders Code, but the question itself is about the underlying principle of interpretation, so reference to interpretations of other texts in judicial ...
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34 views

Validity of automated GDPR subject access requests

If a software product was distributed that automated the creation and sending of GDPR subject access requests, do these request impose the same legal requirements on the data processor as if the ...
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33 views

GDPR and contact tracing

Alice has a business relationship with Bob, which involves both keeping contact information and enough physical interaction to count as a contact. Charlie contacts Alice and requests Bobs contact ...
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1answer
382 views

Can you seek asylum for not wanting to do your mandatory military service in your home country?

Let assume you live in a country where there is mandatory conscription that you need to fulfill. However, you don't want to do that, and it is not possible for you to renounce your citizenship without ...
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5k views

How to store refusal of cookie consent

If a user refuses cookies on a website, then how can that website store that refusal? As far as I can tell, the GDPR requires you to store both consent to and refusal of personal data storage. But it ...
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1answer
55 views

Does antitrust law allow for a monopoly that strictly benefits consumers?

Antitrust law has long existed under the premise that more competition is better for the consumer. But what if a monopoly were to eliminate competition, and then use the increase in efficiency of an ...
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1answer
145 views

Is it GDPR-compliant to require *public* publishing of personal info as condition for access to a service?

Background: For roughly 2 decades I've run my own private email infrastructure for myself, open source projects, and a few other individuals over business internet service intended for such usage. I'...
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58 views

Are there any HIPAA like technical requirements in EU for developing health related web software?

It looks like in the USA developers adhere to HIPAA standards when developing and hosting health-related software. But I can't find anything similar to the EU. GDPR is all about being transparent and ...
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57 views

EU-Wide laws on Crime and Punishment (of individuals)

Although at present there is no 'Single Market' for Crime and Punishment, is there mutual recognition of Criminal Laws across all EU members, such that any offense commited in one Country is also an ...
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Can an EU country claim tax fees of an orphan pension refund of times where the affected person resided in another?

Explanation at the example case: Person A is an orphan and was moved from an EU country X to another EU country Y. Lately, after a few years his pension claims were successful and he has received a ...
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101 views

Is it illegal to deliberately cause someone stress?

It is not legal in most countries to disrupt someone's success, but mental stress does cause disruption. Thus the question, is this illegal? and in which forms?
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119 views

Can Banks legally use Encrypted Ledgers like in Private coins?

Seeing so much news about blockchains and banks I have a question that I may need your help. Taking in consideration the Bank Secrecy Act, can a Bank use a completely Encrypted Ledger? KYC is still ...
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63 views

If a website receive an attack by an Hacker, who is evanutally liable for the data breach?

I'm trying to create a very general example, i know there are surely hundreds of variables that must be analyzed but even just some general considerations from who had some experience can be useful ...
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Is there an EU regulation mandating companies' IT equipment to be changed every three months?

I had visited with my university a Greek IT company that specializes in refurbishing used computers and peripherals. The executive that toured us had mentioned that there is an EU regulation that ...
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1answer
39 views

Does the European Union allow to store medical (sensitive) data in cloud platforms such as Amazon Web Services or Google Cloud?

Does the EU allow to store patients medical data in cloud databases from providers such as Amazon Web Services or Google Cloud? What are the legal requirements? Can you point at some legal source ...
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18 views

Is there a comprehensive web source for a list of european union protections against aggresive contracts?

Some time ago I found interesting information on the web about additional legal protections that customers from the European Union automatically have when signing up to various services (even services ...
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1answer
58 views

Price fixing concern (UK competition law)

I run a sporting events website where freelance photographers that have been to the events are free to upload their shots for sale, and I take a commission of anything they sell. Every photographer ...
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1answer
44 views

Schengen Area: What was the legal rationale for countries extending Temporary Reintroduction of Border Control beyond Nov. 2017?

(This is not about the coronavirus pandemic, which I understand is a different issue, but about the six countries that had already been maintaining border controls since related to migration and ...
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56 views

Should I actively try to tell If I am being ticketed?

I lived in Finland for two months. During these two months, I have submitted a form, where I told finnish postal service that my Finnish address is the one where they should deliver my mail. A week ...
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188 views

Does Air France Cancellation policy violate EU 261/2004

Related to https://travel.stackexchange.com/questions/155243/air-france-cancellation-policy-seems-to-violate-eu261 but this question is explicitly about legality as compared to "how to approach ...
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90 views

Color-blind handicap discrimination and EU law?

Every year in the USA, nearly 700,000 car accidents are reported by police as stop sign violations, accounting for 2/3rds of crashes. Stop signs are mostly red and for the 4.5% of people that are ...
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64 views

Facebook vs GDPR - Is Facebook never deleting the Searches you do?

I frequently delete the Search History from my account's Activity Log. However, every time I start typing in Search, Facebook seems to remember perfectly searches I've done in the past. Suggestions ...
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2k views

Can an EU country close its border (rather than introduce temporary border control)?

Title III chapter II of the Schengen border control code describes the possibility of reintroducing temporary border controls, but I can't find what basis there is to remove the right to free movement ...
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241 views

What can we do with people still travel under corona pandemic?

What can we do with those people who still decided to travel (for skiing, example) and causing huge problems after they return, even though they know the fact that corona virus (or anything new in the ...
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1answer
53 views

Legal and Tech Experience

I am a Software Engineer with some experience(7 years). In the recent years, I keep hearing and reading in various articles that people with extensive legal AND tech experience are very valuable and ...
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17 views

Looking for recommendation for legislations in the tech sector

I am new to the law field. Currently I am a Software Engineer, who is interested in new legislation in the tech sector. I am primary interested in topics concerning the EU and US, as this are the ...
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1answer
133 views

What article implies that foreign non-EU citizens have to pay VAT for goods and services purchased online?

I'm a Russian citizen. I've noticed that literally all online EU shops and service providers (e.g. web hosting) add VAT to the price. I've spent some time looking for an article that implicitly states ...
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25 views

What's “sleight of hand” about the argument that excluding direct effect makes incompatible Directives' binding effects?

Why's argument 1 "sleight of hand"? Van Duyn involves how the UK "had not ‘implemented’ the directive into national law." So how's "international law" relevant? Schütze. European Union Law 2 ed. ...
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85 views

Lack of action taken by landlord against a noisy neighbor

(First time posting on this SE, I hope it's not off-topic.) I have a friend who lives in the Netherlands, let's call her Allison. Both her and her neighbor (let's call him Bob) live in an apartment ...
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38 views

CanI use the figures in research papers or books for YouTube videos under fair use?

I am in Europe. Can I use the images of research papers or books to make an educational YouTube video under fair use? The videos will be monetized and I might have sponsors or receive money by Patreon....
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75 views

Does my own company also need to be EU-US Privacy Shield certified if we use AWS to store data of European customers?

We're based in United States. We understand that any sub-processor that we use should be EU-US Privacy Shield certified and GDPR compliant. So, we can use AWS and Google Cloud. Both of them are EU-US ...
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97 views

GDPR: What is the legal situation on documenting cases of “Right to be forgotten” claims?

I wasnt able to find an explanation inside the GDPR whether a data privacy officer (or similar responsible) is allowed or required to document cases where individuals claimed the right to be forgotten....
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41 views

Corporate responsibility when allowing biometric authentication

At our company, we are discussing allowing (but not forcing) the use of facial recognition to authenticate on employee laptops (Windows Hello). The laptops are owned by the company, but are for ...
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1answer
52 views

Pokémon Home and EU distance selling regulations

I accidentally signed up for Pokémon Home, a subscription service allowing Pokémon to be stored in the cloud, using an incorrect Nintendo account. This essentially renders the service useless to me at ...
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1answer
75 views

Threat to remove company from a crowdsourced website [closed]

I belong to a service very similar to Glassdoor (much more smaller) for a niche in Europe. In this case Portugal. So, the people can: Review companies Review interviews Add new companies After two ...
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1answer
118 views

When does a fan game fall under parody?

Apparently there was a case in 2013 where the fan game My Little Pony: Fighting is Magic got taken down by Hasbro. This makes me wonder, why did it not fall under fair use in terms of Parody? This ...
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88 views

Is copying an infringing derivative an infringement against the original work's author when copying the original would generally be legal?

Suppose someone creates an unauthorized music video to accompany a popular song, thus making an infringing derivative (assuming fair dealing or other exceptions don't apply in this case). This ...

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