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Questions tagged [european-union]

For questions related to the European Union as a whole, or that span the jurisdictions of a plurality of Member States.

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Do the various anti-end to end encryption laws have provisions concerning third party clients?

There has been multiple attempts to criminalise end to end encryption (E2E). Currently in the news is the EU Chat Control 2.0 (though it seems it has now been withdrawn), the UK passed the Online ...
User65535's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
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Does the right to "good administration" in the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union bind national governments?

The charter contains a "Right to good administration" in Title V, "Citizens' Rights". The first sentence is (emphasis by me): Every person has the right to have his or her affairs ...
Peter - Reinstate Monica's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
80 views

Do I have a right to salary information for all categories of employees?

The EU directive on pay transparency gives employees the right to information on certain pay-related topics, excerpt from the link: Once in the role, workers will be entitled to ask their employers ...
rubenvb's user avatar
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179 views

Is genital "nullification" legal in Europe?

Is it legal for health professionals to perform these operations described here, under the heading "genital nullification", in Europe, safely and to consenting adults. Genital nullification,...
user66697's user avatar
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3 votes
0 answers
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Understanding Europe geo-blocking regulation: when is it legal to block digital sales of a video game in a EU state?

The recent Sony Helldivers 2 "scandal" that resulted in the game being "delisted" in many countries around the world was meet with a lot of protests by the players. Among those ...
SPArcheon's user avatar
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2 answers
80 views

EU citizens suing to force sanctions on Israel

I don't know many of the details but I have heard that in the past few years, some young EU citizens sued the EU (or governments in the EU) in order to force action on climate change. I think part of ...
Aaron's user avatar
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3 votes
0 answers
37 views

Does there exist an example of meaningful information about an automated individual decision-making algorithm?

The GDPR Article 14 includes provisions for the data subject to have meaningful information about an automated individual decision-making algorithm that which produces legal effects concerning him or ...
User65535's user avatar
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Does the GDPR right to deletion in Art. 17 effectively include some "disproportionate effort" exception?

Some provisions of the GDPR have explicit exceptions about "disproportionate effort". Particularly relevant is the one in Article 19: The controller shall communicate any rectification or ...
User65535's user avatar
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1 answer
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What exactly is a decision wrt. GDPR Automated individual decision-making?

The GDPR Article 22 provides rights relating to automated individual decision-making, including profiling. It starts: The data subject shall have the right not to be subject to a decision based ...
User65535's user avatar
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-1 votes
1 answer
55 views

The availability Interim Measures before the CJEU

I read this part of a book about interim measures from the CJEU (Court of Justice of the European Union), and I am not sure if I completely understand it or not. Does it mean that if the financial ...
Toobatf's user avatar
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5 votes
2 answers
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How do Wi-Fi Positioning Systems interact with the GDPR?

There is a paper (described in the news) that details how to use Apple's Wi-Fi Positioning System (WPS) facilitates mass surveillance, even of those not using Apple devices. The system is described ...
User65535's user avatar
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1 vote
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Under EU law, is it a trademark violation to mention other products by name in a description?

I'm working on a game where if people have at least passing familiarity with Yahtzee (UK/US) or Kniffel (Germany), they'd have a good idea how to play this. Would I be within my right to name-drop ...
Electric Coffee's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
65 views

EU Data Act - Receive access logs of managed wifi access points from service provider

As an employee of company A I would like to statistically analyse access logs of wifi access points, which are located in offices of company A, but managed by a service provider (company B). company B ...
PSanetra's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
96 views

Is it possible to limit website visitors to a region or country in Terms of Service [closed]

Because of possibility of legal consequences arising from the law of jurisdictions outside the EU I would like to limit visitors to my website to residents of EU so that in an event of legal ...
metablaster's user avatar
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57 views

Is it legal under GDPR for a website owner to link to their Google Calendar or WhatsApp for scheduling and communication?

I sometimes see websites that provide links to external services such as Google Calendar and WhatsApp for appointment scheduling and communication purposes. I also noticed these sites rarely document ...
Adrien's user avatar
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0 answers
32 views

Legal Considerations for Event Photography in Spain When Building a Portfolio in Clubs and Parties [closed]

How is the legal situation in Spain regarding the creation of a photography portfolio as an event photographer? I intend to photograph events in clubs/discos and parties to build my portfolio. I plan ...
Marco Wagner's user avatar
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2 answers
144 views

Under which federal and / or state laws could GDPR be enforced in the United States?

Imagine company Z (spooky, I know). Company Z processes what counts in the EU GDPR as personal information, but company Z will refuse to comply with any requests from the EU, which would make it GDPR ...
tuskiomi's user avatar
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2 answers
155 views

Double Jeopardy when received a police caution?

I was curious about the application of Double Jeopardy around the world, and in particular the European Union, in the following scenario. Someone commits a crime in England, the police arrest them. ...
user5623335's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
71 views

How to use "generic color" to describe tertiary colors in gradient logo if filing for color claimed trademark?

With a multicolored gradient logo (not just a two-color gradient) and filing a color logo trademark in the EU, there is a need to describe the colors using "generic" color names. In such a ...
 adel357's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
164 views

Is it legal to create a legally allowed problem that didn't exist beforehand, then sell the solution to that problem to affected people?

Examples: A phone company selling a phone with a headphone port for years, then redesigning your latest model phone so it doesn't have a headphone port and selling an adapter so people can connect ...
Nzall's user avatar
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6 votes
2 answers
2k views

Billed as a result of automatic renewal, can I, as a EU citizen, get my money back?

I signed up on a seemingly reputable website for making resumes and was prompted to enter a 7-day paid trial in order to download and use the resume I already made in the web app. Now, after 7 days, I ...
Virgil_Tibbs's user avatar
-4 votes
1 answer
217 views

How do I keep my web site out of Europe?

Say I want to publish a web page that includes URLs for for Google-hosted font files in its stylesheet. If your user agent deigns to, it can download those font files and display the page with them. ...
interfect's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
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Does a "Data Controller" need to decide on behalf of others over their Data to become a Data Controller? [closed]

We provide Software for a school, more specifically for the Students Councils there. Hence we don't sign our contract with the school, but with "the Head" of the Students Council, which is ...
captain_joni's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
87 views

Is it legal for internet service providers in the EU to severely and systematically undercut advertised bandwidths?

I have a new mobile data plan with a contractually agreed-upon bandwidth limit of "up to 3 Mbit/s". To my knowledge, the "up to" only accounts for unavoidable reductions in ...
srhslvmn's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
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Does a Push Notification Service (Apple/Google) have to be mentioned in an DPA. Do i need a DPA with the Service Providers? [closed]

We are a Software Company that provides a Software (an IOS and Android Application) to our Customers. That Customer itself would be treated as an Data Controller and thus we are the Data Processor, ...
captain_joni's user avatar
18 votes
3 answers
2k views

What are the consequences that European standards being cited in law must be publicly accessible, but are protected by copyright?

In a jugdgment published this week, the Court of Justice of the European Union ruled on a complaint that some technical norms set as European Standards by a Standards Organisation are available only ...
ccprog's user avatar
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0 answers
40 views

Dual-criminality and conduct approach?

I was reading this article published by a Spanish lawyer firm, on the topic of extradition from Spain to a requesting country. I wanted to clarify my understanding of this section, quoted below. ...
user5623335's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
190 views

What's the legal difference between a security camera and filming on your smartphone?

In the Netherlands you should not have your security cameras record the public space (e.g. the road in front of your house), basically because recording the public space would infringe on people's ...
David Mulder's user avatar
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17 votes
3 answers
7k views

When ordering off Amazon, are you allowed to keep a product that's significantly more valuable than what you originally ordered?

A friend of mine ordered a 60 EUR PC case off of Amazon.nl, but when receiving it today it turns out it is an entire prebuilt gaming PC valued at around 1400 EUR. in the friends group, we speculated ...
Nzall's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
57 views

Is an airline required to compensate a damaged suitcase with money or can they give me a suitcase voucher?

An airline damaged my suitcase and gave me a suitcase voucher that I can redeem on their website. However I would like to get money instead. I know they have to reimburse me according to Montreal ...
YuseqYaseq's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
249 views

Work-for-hire unpaid: who owns the IP?

Suppose X is a software developer, the only employee of sole proprietor Y. The contract is oral, "build an app like (famous app), earn $wage per week". Laws breached by this are outside the ...
Therac's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
185 views

Can photos of the Mount Olympus be used commercially?

I have heard that some European countries restrict commercial use of protected archeological or cultural heritage items. But this does affect natural settings like the mount Olympus (located in Greece)...
user avatar
9 votes
3 answers
4k views

Why do corporate mergers require the approval of foreign governments?

Design fail: Adobe and Figma call off their merger as antitrust scrutiny intensifies But surprisingly not from American regulators, but from EU regulators. I also sometimes hear similar stories about ...
AlanSTACK's user avatar
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0 votes
0 answers
58 views

Airline not offering re-routing as per EU 261/2004

Context: My parents had a reservation for a flight made of 3 segments (all part of the same booking and sold by the same airline), the first one departing from within the EU and with a final ...
user2340612's user avatar
-4 votes
1 answer
166 views

Is it legal having two 40 hour jobs in 2 EU countries being non EU [closed]

I have a work permit in Sweden for 3+ years. I have received a job offer from another EU country. I want to work both jobs. Both jobs are 55k+ euro annually so I have no issues with minimum ...
Arthie's user avatar
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0 votes
0 answers
83 views

MLAT De Minimis period?

The UK Government website covers Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty (MLAT) requests that it receives from outside of the UK. I was hoping someone could clarify the De Minimis part. Question 1: Focusing on ...
user5623335's user avatar
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-4 votes
1 answer
88 views

How can someone exercise their right to a copy of their data from a company? [closed]

I’m familiar with GDPR; in Utah it appears the analogous law is the Consumer Protection Act. In principle, I thought that GDPR gives anyone the right to request a copy of the data a company has about ...
Julius Hamilton's user avatar
-1 votes
2 answers
117 views

Can a country restrict the usage of public domain material under the Berne Convention?

Some European countries have restrictions on use of public domain content, usually in the form of "cultural heritage" laws. These laws require the payment to institutions or libraries for ...
user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
276 views

GDPR compliance - Font Awesome

I am building a simple website and therefore wanted to avoid worrying about GDPR compliance by simply not processing or tracking any user data. However, when investigating my only third-party service &...
Ph.lpp's user avatar
  • 103
4 votes
1 answer
111 views

What happens when data that was not personal information become personal information?

Supposed there is some data that is not associated with an individual. This data is processed by a company and distributed on the web. At a later date this data becomes associated with an individual ...
User65535's user avatar
  • 7,170
0 votes
1 answer
287 views

Does GDPR consider any audio recording to be "data"?

If an audio recording was made between two consenting parties, would that recording be considered "data" and subject to GDPR, (like a photograph) or would it depend on the subject and ...
Michael Hall's user avatar
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5 votes
0 answers
106 views

Does one EU country have to accept the gender entry of another EU country?

Situation: German citizen B is born in Germany but moves to Estonia at some point and is registered in the Estonian population register with male gender and issued an Estonian ID card. B moves back ...
Dominique Unruh's user avatar
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0 answers
36 views

Is a third party which solicits and accepts personal data from a customer on another’s behalf a processor or a controller?

Alice contracts with ACME insurance which sends her to their identity verification solution provider’s app/website (BCME KYC SOLUTIONS Inc). BCME’s portal asks Alice for photos of herself and other ...
TylerDurden's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
85 views

GDPR cookie bar, auto accept when changing pages

Can i add a GDPR cookie bar on home page that will allow the users to accept or rejects the cookies but to also write on the bar something like: "You agree accept all cookies if you switch to ...
Alex's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
305 views

Accidental intrusion into military airspace

Welcome to Germany, where we have Military installations designated as "Militärischer Sperrbezirk" (MSB), that are closed to the public. For example, a shooting range or training ground is ...
Trish's user avatar
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-1 votes
2 answers
67 views

Is hate speech defined in terms of an impartial principle?

The term “hate speech” is frequently used in public discourse. I do not know if this is a legally defined concept, or if it is instituted by organizations like the Southern Poverty Law Center, for ...
Julius Hamilton's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
73 views

Who is responsible for search engine indexing? (GDPR) [duplicate]

I am currently trying to wrap my head around the GDPR by analysing mastodon.online. While going through their privacy policy and their privacy preferences of my Mastodon, I discovered the following ...
lukasl-dev's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
61 views

EU flight compensation regulation and the choice of reimbursement (EC261 Article 8)

I am trying to understand the meaning of the regulation EC261 establishing common rules for compensation in the event of flight cancellation. My question concerns mostly Article 8 relating to ...
LegaElilze's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
75 views

Can either side of a GDPR SAR require the other to agree to ToS during the identification process?

I shall use a real situation that happened to me, but this is just to demonstrate my point. I am definitely not going to do anything about it. This is a purely theoretical question, I am not ...
User65535's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
77 views

Does the personal data use required to distribute software online make activity "commercial"?

The EU Cyber Resilience Act (CRA) has an exception for non-commercial/open source software. As an exception to the exception, commercial activity seems to explicitly include "the use of personal ...
User65535's user avatar
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