Skip to main content

Questions tagged [european-union]

For questions related to the European Union as a whole, or that span the jurisdictions of a plurality of Member States.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
63 votes
2 answers
5k views

How does SE's arbitration clause hold up under the GDPR?

Today the new Terms of Service of Stack Exchange have been released, sparking a lot of unrest about its arbitration clause; see the comments and answers on the linked meta above, and also this ...
Adriaan's user avatar
  • 715
60 votes
4 answers
20k views

Does GDPR include UK customers, or not anymore?

Now that Brexit happened, does GDPR include UK customers, or not anymore?
Nuno's user avatar
  • 1,033
48 votes
4 answers
17k views

Is it illegal to infringe copyright if your boss or your client ordered you to do it?

The first possible scenario is this: suppose you work in a company, and you need to install some software for a client. The software needs to be purchased, but the boss tells you to just download it ...
reed's user avatar
  • 1,838
48 votes
5 answers
10k views

At what point is uploading a movie with heavy compression not copyright infringement?

My friend recently linked me a GIF of the entire Shrek movie in 60x60 resolution. At the time of writing this, it has 12 million views on imgur. This got me thinking, could a copyright holder ...
MarcusOtter's user avatar
44 votes
16 answers
14k views

In which European countries is illegal to publicly state an opinion that in the US would be protected by the first amendment?

I often heard that the US are somehow exceptional in the freedom of speech that they provide to their citizens via the first amendment. However, I never saw an actual comparison with, say, European ...
don's user avatar
  • 391
42 votes
2 answers
9k views

GDPR + git history

Is name, surname and email in the Git commit history a personal information according to the coming GDPR (General Data Protection Regulation) and is there any special treatment required? Git is a ...
Oldrich Svec's user avatar
38 votes
6 answers
8k views

Why does browser cache not count as copyright infringement?

My browser is saving a copy of the web pages I visit on my computer. How is that not copyright infringement? in this answer I read: I would hazard a guess that displaying an HTML webpage online is ...
Mario Trucco's user avatar
38 votes
3 answers
6k views

Legality of penalising Russian Oligarchs

What is the legal basis for penalising individual Russian Oligarchs? Having ill-gotten wealth and dubious friends is hardly unique to Russia, and whilst I can understand with the desire of the Western ...
ConanTheGerbil's user avatar
35 votes
6 answers
13k views

What is the purpose of a disclaimer like "this is not legal advice"?

If someone who is not a lawyer is giving out legal advice, does it make any difference if they include a disclaimer along the lines of "this is not legal advice"? For the purposes of this question, I ...
Stefano Palazzo's user avatar
35 votes
2 answers
7k views

How to store refusal of cookie consent

If a user refuses cookies on a website, then how can that website store that refusal? As far as I can tell, the GDPR requires you to store both consent to and refusal of personal data storage. But it ...
Jackson Holiday Wheeler's user avatar
33 votes
3 answers
10k views

Can the Cyber Resilience Act make it illegal to retire?

Suppose Alice develops some software and releases it under an open source licence. She receives just enough money to be counted as "commercial". This may be donations from users, it may be ...
User65535's user avatar
  • 6,864
30 votes
5 answers
8k views

Is it illegal to market a product as if it would protect against something, while never making explicit claims?

I've recently come across an advertisement online of a product that stated "Most people have heard of the horror of [bad thing] or even [worse thing]. Protect yourself with [our product] today!&...
MechMK1's user avatar
  • 761
26 votes
5 answers
16k views

Is asking users to waive GDPR compliance a legal way of escaping GDPR data handling requirements?

I have recently come across this part of an app from a well-known US company: Is this a legal way of handling some of the technical obstacles GDPR introduced? Is this a "flexible" interpretation of ...
Michal's user avatar
  • 369
26 votes
5 answers
10k views

Is it legal for employers to hire only native speakers?

I recently learned that there are some companies (for instance, certain editing, writing, or translation services) that explicitly refuse to hire non-native English speakers for certain positions a ...
Obie 2.0's user avatar
  • 513
24 votes
2 answers
7k views

Can I request a copy of my password hash with GDPR?

People often use personal information to create them, like first name / date of birth, and people often reuse passwords across several sites, so I guess passwords are considered personal data since ...
Benoit Esnard's user avatar
23 votes
3 answers
10k views

In Europe, can I refuse to use Gsuite / Office365 at work?

See above. In a country where GDPR applies (Italy in my case), do I have the right to refuse giving consent to Google and Microsoft to store my personal data, if this account is for work use? Or, in ...
Federico Poloni's user avatar
22 votes
7 answers
8k views

Is there an EU regulation mandating companies' IT equipment to be changed every three months?

I had visited with my university a Greek IT company that specializes in refurbishing used computers and peripherals. The executive that toured us had mentioned that there is an EU regulation that ...
Theodore Tsirpanis's user avatar
21 votes
3 answers
5k views

Is it legal to bill a company that made contact for a business proposal, then withdrew based on their policies that existed when they made contact?

Based on a Twitter thread from a mid sized YouTube personality: I have been emailed MORE THAN 10 TIMES by a service I'd like to be sponsored with that I will not name Every time they email me, I say ...
Nzall's user avatar
  • 1,385
21 votes
1 answer
3k views

Can I waive my statutory rights?

I've noticed that Steam has recently added this bit of text to its review and confirm page: By clicking the button below to proceed you agree that Valve provides you immediate access to digital ...
user avatar
20 votes
2 answers
5k views

Is it legal under Czech and EU legal system to punish people with prison sentences for publicly expressing their political views?

This site claims that (my emphasis): The Czech Republic's chief prosecutor has warned that expressing support for Russia’s attack on Ukraine could be a criminal offence, punishable by imprisonment. [....
Glory to Russia's user avatar
18 votes
3 answers
2k views

What are the consequences that European standards being cited in law must be publicly accessible, but are protected by copyright?

In a jugdgment published this week, the Court of Justice of the European Union ruled on a complaint that some technical norms set as European Standards by a Standards Organisation are available only ...
ccprog's user avatar
  • 344
17 votes
2 answers
4k views

Why is place of birth shown on European driving licences?

Driving licences issued by the EEA-countries display the place of birth of the license holder. Why is this information so important that it needs to be on the driving license? I've tried to research ...
MrCool's user avatar
  • 173
17 votes
3 answers
7k views

When ordering off Amazon, are you allowed to keep a product that's significantly more valuable than what you originally ordered?

A friend of mine ordered a 60 EUR PC case off of Amazon.nl, but when receiving it today it turns out it is an entire prebuilt gaming PC valued at around 1400 EUR. in the friends group, we speculated ...
Nzall's user avatar
  • 1,385
16 votes
2 answers
4k views

Is there any merit in the argument "this data processing is required for my business model so it is strictly necessary in terms of data protection"?

The company BlockAdblock has an argument that their anti-adblock script is compliant with EU data protection law. It is quite long and has many somewhat unrelated aspects, and I certainly do not want ...
User65535's user avatar
  • 6,864
16 votes
3 answers
15k views

Facebook vs GDPR - Private Messages I sent to others will never be deleted/erased from Facebook servers

I asked this question to Facebook: I would like to know how can I permanently delete private messages from both sides of the conversation. For example, conversations I had in the past with ...
Nuno's user avatar
  • 1,033
14 votes
3 answers
9k views

Not registering my US born child of 1 US parent as a US citizen

I, a US citizen, married my wife, from EU country (not Britain), in the US. We live in the US while my wife finishes school (2-3 years) on an F1 visa and then plan to move to back to the EU. My wife ...
anon's user avatar
  • 149
14 votes
4 answers
1k views

What is the legal mechanism by which the GDPR might apply to a business with no presence in the EU?

My family has a small side business selling some things through the internet. As far as I know, we aren't likely to have any customers who are EU citizens, but it's certainly not outside the realm of ...
Ben Collins's user avatar
13 votes
1 answer
119k views

UK: Is it legal to secretly audio record a meeting or a phone call? Is it possible to use such recording in court?

In the United Kingdom: Is it legal to secretly audio record a meeting (in an office) or a phone call while being a participant? Is it possible to use such recording as an evidence in court or ...
unknown's user avatar
  • 139
12 votes
4 answers
6k views

How can I get more than 10 years of transaction history from my bank?

I will shamefully admit that it was only in the year 2021 that I finally built my own bookkeeping system. Yes, I should have done it 10-20 years ago, but I didn't. So now I'm in this situation: First ...
H Salvas's user avatar
  • 147
12 votes
3 answers
4k views

What are some jurisdictions where a "no-strike clause" is illegal?

This paper (PDF file) gives the following example of a typical no-strike clause in a collective bargaining agreement in the United States (the paper is from 1984, so I'm not sure to what extent it ...
user avatar
12 votes
3 answers
4k views

Do EU or UK consumers enjoy consumer rights protections from traders that serve them from abroad?

Bob lives in Manchester, or alternatively in Lyon. He purchases a product or service from a vendor in the USA, or perhaps Timbuktu. Do European or British consumer rights legislations bind the ...
TylerDurden's user avatar
12 votes
1 answer
2k views

Does copyright no longer apply if one cannot find the owner?

Suppose a work was originally published in France (and in French) , in 1940. Suppose the author (Georges Macron) died in 1980. Suppose it was translated into English, and published in English in 1955. ...
David Siegel's user avatar
12 votes
1 answer
1k views

Is an email enumeration vulnerability a breach of GDPR?

I'm a software engineer and I'm often asked to implement version of a user signup flow or login that can be summarised as follows: User inputs their email If the email belongs to an existing user, ...
MichaelJK's user avatar
  • 173
12 votes
2 answers
3k views

Is it legal to organize a female-only event, assuming the topic isn't gender-specific?

I've recently seen a few "female-only" lectures about technical topics, organized by companies that try to promote the presence of women in engineering. While I don't feel like I'm discriminated (...
JonathanReez's user avatar
  • 4,563
11 votes
1 answer
1k views

Q about consequences of a software license amendment regarding patents: Facebook's open-source "react"

UPDATE 22 Sep, 2017 "Relicensing React, Jest, Flow, and Immutable.js" (MIT license, PATENT file removed) https://code.facebook.com/posts/300798627056246/relicensing-react-jest-flow-and-immutable-js/ ...
Mörre's user avatar
  • 211
10 votes
4 answers
5k views

Is there a way to determine if an email address is personal information?

The GDPR defines personal data as: Personal data is information that relates to an identified or identifiable individual. My understanding is that this means that [email protected] is ...
User65535's user avatar
  • 6,864
10 votes
4 answers
5k views

Do I need to present a GDPR banner to IP addresses outside of GDPR regions?

The context of my question comes from this comment: The problem with solving GDPR compliance with country codes is, it is not in general sufficient to determine if a user is covered by the GDPR. The ...
Daniel Kaplan's user avatar
10 votes
5 answers
4k views

Is scraping an iCal link legal?

TL;DR: my university says my app is illegal Since our university doesn't have a mobile app to check our schedules, I created one that does the following: Opens an embedded web browser (in app) and ...
Tom Vk's user avatar
  • 117
10 votes
2 answers
3k views

Can I store the names of arbitrary business associates in my CRM system?

I'm running an agency and I would like to store the names of employees of my client's companies to help me build client relationships. For example, "Gina works on reception." Is this allowed ...
Jordan Regan's user avatar
10 votes
2 answers
165 views

What measures can the EU take if there are irregularities in EU parliament elections in a member state?

There are reports of EU citizens denied their voting rights in the UK during the 2019 European Parliament election in the UK. I assume there are ways to report them in the UK. But what can the EU do ...
Martin Schröder's user avatar
10 votes
1 answer
190 views

From what legal tradition do the long "whereas" motivation clauses of the EU legislation come?

Practically all EU non-treaty legislation and regulations have pretty long "whereas" clauses, often pages long, introducing the context and often the motivation of the legislation/regulations. From ...
against very long user names's user avatar
10 votes
1 answer
447 views

As of 2020, have any GDPR-related court judgements been successfully enforced on companies without presence in the EU?

The GDPR has been in effect for 2 years now and theoretically applies to any company on the planet which deals with personal data belonging to EU residents. But practically speaking, enforcing this ...
JonathanReez's user avatar
  • 4,563
10 votes
1 answer
437 views

Rules for Pseudonoyms?

What are the rules for pseudonyms, especially when used online? May I use a Ph.D. in my alias even if I don't have one? May I use a royal title in my pseudonym? Could I be sued for it and what would ...
Amelie B. Blackstone's user avatar
10 votes
1 answer
160 views

Fair use of text snippets in a dictionary

If a dictionary (about the use of scientific terminology) includes snippets from several sources, would an authorization be needed from each copyright holder? Each entry in the dictionary would ...
Jason Waismann's user avatar
9 votes
3 answers
4k views

Why do corporate mergers require the approval of foreign governments?

Design fail: Adobe and Figma call off their merger as antitrust scrutiny intensifies But surprisingly not from American regulators, but from EU regulators. I also sometimes hear similar stories about ...
AlanSTACK's user avatar
  • 2,060
9 votes
3 answers
5k views

Are there situations where it is legal to threaten someone with a gun but not legal to fire the gun?

One of the essential rules of firearm safety is to never point a gun at anything or anyone you do not intend to shoot. It also seems to be a consensus that whenever it wouldn't be lawful to shoot ...
vsz's user avatar
  • 957
9 votes
2 answers
898 views

Does the European Commission have jurisdiction in the U.S.?

When U.S. corporations want to merge or are subject to acquisitions (for example Oracle acquiring Sun Microsystems in 2009) it seems they must seek approval from the European Commission --- which is ...
Gruber's user avatar
  • 193
9 votes
2 answers
2k views

How to report a sham marriage in Sweden

It makes sense to reject a sham marriage (marriage of convenience) arranged solely for the purpose of admitting foreigners to EU on false claims of "anknytningsperson" (loosely speaking "connected ...
Niklas Rosencrantz's user avatar
9 votes
1 answer
782 views

Is Facebook's new cookie banner GDPR compliant?

Today I visited Facebook from a Google search to find the following cookie banner at the top of the page: To personalize content, tailor and measure ads, and provide a safer experience, we use ...
LeoTietz's user avatar
9 votes
2 answers
273 views

What kind of ownership do I have over articles I wrote?

So, a few months ago I was working for a big blog and then I resigned because I didn't want to write any more articles for them. Some of the articles were original and a few were translations by me ...
Meletis Flevarakis's user avatar

1
2 3 4 5
17