Questions tagged [european-union]

For questions related to the European Union as a whole, or that span the jurisdictions of a plurality of Member States.

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What's the legal difference between a security camera and filming on your smartphone?

In the Netherlands you should not have your security cameras record the public space (e.g. the road in front of your house), basically because recording the public space would infringe on people's ...
David Mulder's user avatar
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17 votes
3 answers
6k views

When ordering off Amazon, are you allowed to keep a product that's significantly more valuable than what you originally ordered?

A friend of mine ordered a 60 EUR PC case off of Amazon.nl, but when receiving it today it turns out it is an entire prebuilt gaming PC valued at around 1400 EUR. in the friends group, we speculated ...
Nzall's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
52 views

Is an airline required to compensate a damaged suitcase with money or can they give me a suitcase voucher?

An airline damaged my suitcase and gave me a suitcase voucher that I can redeem on their website. However I would like to get money instead. I know they have to reimburse me according to Montreal ...
YuseqYaseq's user avatar
-1 votes
0 answers
54 views

Disputed Expedia Reservation: Airline Now Threatening Collections, What Are My Options? [closed]

In February 2023, I reserved a flight on Expedia with a 24-hour free cancellation policy, but conditions changed the same day, prompting me to cancel. However, the airline, Condor in Germany, doesn't ...
awm's user avatar
  • 99
3 votes
2 answers
204 views

Work-for-hire unpaid: who owns the IP?

Suppose X is a software developer, the only employee of sole proprietor Y. The contract is oral, "build an app like (famous app), earn $wage per week". Laws breached by this are outside the ...
Therac's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
119 views

Can photos of the Mount Olympus be used commercially?

I have heard that some European countries restrict commercial use of protected archeological or cultural heritage items. But this does affect natural settings like the mount Olympus (located in Greece)...
user avatar
9 votes
3 answers
4k views

Why do corporate mergers require the approval of foreign governments?

Design fail: Adobe and Figma call off their merger as antitrust scrutiny intensifies But surprisingly not from American regulators, but from EU regulators. I also sometimes hear similar stories about ...
AlanSTACK's user avatar
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0 votes
0 answers
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Airline not offering re-routing as per EU 261/2004

Context: My parents had a reservation for a flight made of 3 segments (all part of the same booking and sold by the same airline), the first one departing from within the EU and with a final ...
user2340612's user avatar
-4 votes
1 answer
93 views

Is it legal having two 40 hour jobs in 2 EU countries being non EU [closed]

I have a work permit in Sweden for 3+ years. I have received a job offer from another EU country. I want to work both jobs. Both jobs are 55k+ euro annually so I have no issues with minimum ...
Arthie's user avatar
  • 1
0 votes
0 answers
74 views

MLAT De Minimis period?

The UK Government website covers Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty (MLAT) requests that it receives from outside of the UK. I was hoping someone could clarify the De Minimis part. Question 1: Focusing on ...
user5623335's user avatar
-4 votes
1 answer
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How can someone exercise their right to a copy of their data from a company? [closed]

I’m familiar with GDPR; in Utah it appears the analogous law is the Consumer Protection Act. In principle, I thought that GDPR gives anyone the right to request a copy of the data a company has about ...
John D's user avatar
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-1 votes
2 answers
112 views

Can a country restrict the usage of public domain material under the Berne Convention?

Some European countries have restrictions on use of public domain content, usually in the form of "cultural heritage" laws. These laws require the payment to institutions or libraries for ...
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0 votes
1 answer
150 views

GDPR compliance - Font Awesome

I am building a simple website and therefore wanted to avoid worrying about GDPR compliance by simply not processing or tracking any user data. However, when investigating my only third-party service &...
Ph.lpp's user avatar
  • 103
4 votes
1 answer
103 views

What happens when data that was not personal information become personal information?

Supposed there is some data that is not associated with an individual. This data is processed by a company and distributed on the web. At a later date this data becomes associated with an individual ...
User65535's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
82 views

Does GDPR consider any audio recording to be "data"?

If an audio recording was made between two consenting parties, would that recording be considered "data" and subject to GDPR, (like a photograph) or would it depend on the subject and ...
Michael Hall's user avatar
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5 votes
0 answers
94 views

Does one EU country have to accept the gender entry of another EU country?

Situation: German citizen B is born in Germany but moves to Estonia at some point and is registered in the Estonian population register with male gender and issued an Estonian ID card. B moves back ...
Dominique Unruh's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
36 views

Is a third party which solicits and accepts personal data from a customer on another’s behalf a processor or a controller?

Alice contracts with ACME insurance which sends her to their identity verification solution provider’s app/website (BCME KYC SOLUTIONS Inc). BCME’s portal asks Alice for photos of herself and other ...
TylerDurden's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
77 views

GDPR cookie bar, auto accept when changing pages

Can i add a GDPR cookie bar on home page that will allow the users to accept or rejects the cookies but to also write on the bar something like: "You agree accept all cookies if you switch to ...
Alex's user avatar
  • 1
-1 votes
2 answers
64 views

Is hate speech defined in terms of an impartial principle?

The term “hate speech” is frequently used in public discourse. I do not know if this is a legally defined concept, or if it is instituted by organizations like the Southern Poverty Law Center, for ...
John D's user avatar
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0 votes
0 answers
71 views

Who is responsible for search engine indexing? (GDPR) [duplicate]

I am currently trying to wrap my head around the GDPR by analysing mastodon.online. While going through their privacy policy and their privacy preferences of my Mastodon, I discovered the following ...
lukasl-dev's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
49 views

EU flight compensation regulation and the choice of reimbursement (EC261 Article 8)

I am trying to understand the meaning of the regulation EC261 establishing common rules for compensation in the event of flight cancellation. My question concerns mostly Article 8 relating to ...
LegaElilze's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
70 views

Can either side of a GDPR SAR require the other to agree to ToS during the identification process?

I shall use a real situation that happened to me, but this is just to demonstrate my point. I am definitely not going to do anything about it. This is a purely theoretical question, I am not ...
User65535's user avatar
  • 6,536
0 votes
1 answer
75 views

Does the personal data use required to distribute software online make activity "commercial"?

The EU Cyber Resilience Act (CRA) has an exception for non-commercial/open source software. As an exception to the exception, commercial activity seems to explicitly include "the use of personal ...
User65535's user avatar
  • 6,536
0 votes
1 answer
78 views

Is "gossip surveillance" processing personal data under the GDPR?

The Guardian has an article on "gossip surveillance" where strangers report on social media private conversations they are not party to in the hope of exposing duplicity from the speakers in ...
User65535's user avatar
  • 6,536
1 vote
0 answers
21 views

Investigation on supplier - Swedish Public Procurement Act

Which documents/certificates can a public contract authority demand a supplier to provide according to Chapter 15 sections 6, 7, 8 of the Swedish Public Procurement Act? How are those documents named (...
pigna89's user avatar
  • 11
0 votes
1 answer
193 views

EU member extradition

Pretend that a country within the European Union (EU) has refused to extradite somebody, after an extradition request from another country, following a court ruling in the extraditee's favour. If the, ...
user5623335's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
37 views

Is there an equivalent of a B-corp in Ireland or Estonia?

Is there anything like a benefit corporation in the EU, particularly in Ireland or Estonia? If so, how does a B-corp or its analogue in either/each country differ from an LLC?
Mayor of the Plattenbaus's user avatar
-1 votes
1 answer
63 views

EU law - Ignoring revocation of access rights after completing the task [closed]

I would like to ask you very nicely for advice related to IT security and law. As a freelancer, if I provide a one-off service of programming to modify an information system, I will always ask the ...
klaucode's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
125 views

Is it legal/appropriate to email a GDPR SAR to the executive team if that is the only email address the company provides?

This is prompted by this question but I am fairly sure I do not have the correct answer so I am making this one. My personal answer to "How do I get my data from company X under GDPR" is to ...
User65535's user avatar
  • 6,536
16 votes
2 answers
4k views

Is there any merit in the argument "this data processing is required for my business model so it is strictly necessary in terms of data protection"?

The company BlockAdblock has an argument that their anti-adblock script is compliant with EU data protection law. It is quite long and has many somewhat unrelated aspects, and I certainly do not want ...
User65535's user avatar
  • 6,536
0 votes
1 answer
67 views

Which EU country's regulation is applied when doing direct marketing from country A to a legal or natural person in country B?

So I'm wondering which country's legislation is used when, for example, a company from Sweden would do electronic direct marketing to another company in, say, Germany. Assuming that Sweden and Germany ...
undefined's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
153 views

What is “making it right”?

ACME, Inc. maintains a “satisfaction guarantee” whereby if anyone isn’t fully satisfied with one of their products, they need just get in touch with them about it with proof of purchase within 60 days,...
TylerDurden's user avatar
33 votes
3 answers
10k views

Can the Cyber Resilience Act make it illegal to retire?

Suppose Alice develops some software and releases it under an open source licence. She receives just enough money to be counted as "commercial". This may be donations from users, it may be ...
User65535's user avatar
  • 6,536
5 votes
1 answer
1k views

What legal system does the European Union use?

I have been studying basic Law, learning the difference between the various legal systems such as Common Law, and the Civil Legal System. Countries that are part of the European Union (EU) are ...
user5623335's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
188 views

What are an employed/contracted software developer's responsibilities under the GDPR?

This is prompted by this question but that is rather complicated by the technical details. Suppose the following hypothetical: Alice is a software developer for Bob Inc. perhaps as a normal employee, ...
User65535's user avatar
  • 6,536
-2 votes
2 answers
204 views

Is demanding backpayments of “arrears” after suspending access to subscription service an unfair contractual practice?

A periodic (eg monthly) membership contract can have two ways of dealing with temporary nonpayment of fees. Suppose Alice joins a members club for a 6 month contract and after the third month she has ...
TylerDurden's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
50 views

What are requirements to determine options for statutory or private health insurance after moving back from abroad (in the EU)?

When a person moves back to Germany after being abroad in the EU (e.g. Netherlands) long enough to have to insure themselves there and not be insured in Germany anymore, what determines if you can be ...
xuiqzy's user avatar
  • 1
3 votes
1 answer
94 views

Can one person's genetic information be another persons personal information?

In the UK GDPR ‘personal data’ is defined as: ‘personal data’ means any information relating to an identified or identifiable natural person (‘data subject’); an identifiable natural person is one ...
User65535's user avatar
  • 6,536
1 vote
0 answers
31 views

Do non-EU consumers have EU consumer rights protection when buying from EU-registered companies?

if consumer is citizen and resident of non EU Member State (e.g. Egypt) buy online service from a company registered in EU, can this consumer use EU Consumer protection law? In particular 14 days ...
Alice's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
60 views

Can an election be canceled if the elected candidate has saturated medias

I was reading a short story of Philip K. Dick, "What the dead men say". It is (spoil) about the voice of a dead person litteraly overtaking every available media (television, radio, ...
gobes's user avatar
  • 111
3 votes
0 answers
79 views

When targeting EU digital markets, is it enough to be GDPR compliant, or does one need to check the privacy laws of each EU country separately?

When targeting EU digital markets, is it enough to be GDPR compliant with regards to data privacy, or does one need to check the privacy laws of each EU country separately? There exists an argument ...
GolDDranks's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
75 views

Question about a footnote referred to Security Council Resolution 1244 in The ABC of EU LAW

I am reading 'The ABC of EU law' on page 22, where I found a footnote referencing the source that states, The prospect of future EU membership has also been offered to Bosnia and Herzegovina and ...
Toobatf's user avatar
  • 41
-2 votes
1 answer
82 views

Is changing my IP to test a website a violation of GDPR [closed]

My company is US based and we host and creates websites. Some websites are hosted in europe and some in the US, both are accessible to the EU though. We were wondering if for example there was a bug ...
Nasor c's user avatar
-8 votes
2 answers
140 views

It is illegal to vandalize public places in Europe?

For instance, if a fountain in Rome is vandalized by e.g. throwing acid in the water, is this illegal?
user avatar
-2 votes
1 answer
252 views

A German company is accusing me of stealing and threatening to confiscate compensation for my service. Is it in the legal right to do so? [closed]

Backstory: I (a natural person) cooperated with a German company (I assume a legal person). The cooperation consisted of a digital marketing service for the company. I did not ask for money for this ...
guywithlotsquestions's user avatar
10 votes
5 answers
4k views

Is scraping an iCal link legal?

TL;DR: my university says my app is illegal Since our university doesn't have a mobile app to check our schedules, I created one that does the following: Opens an embedded web browser (in app) and ...
Tom Vk's user avatar
  • 117
2 votes
0 answers
73 views

Is Blizzard in violation of REGULATION (EU) 2016/679 for not letting users change their account real name?

When a player creates an account in battle.net Blizzard asks for your real name but many players registered when they were stupid little brats and wrote some pretty dumb things. The problem is that ...
Hristo Valev's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
226 views

Can the spouse of an EU citizen legally work in France before they obtain a carte de séjour?

Let us suppose an EU citizen, who is not French, resides in France. According to the EU directive 2004/38/EC on the freedom of movement and residence rights of EU citizens and their family members, ...
D M's user avatar
  • 123
1 vote
0 answers
63 views

Can I live in Bulgaria with a residence permit from Spain?

US citizen here. My answer to my own question leads towards "no". No harm in asking. I have means to obtain a residence permit in Spain. Can I then over stay my 90/180 day visa free stay my ...
BOND Activations's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
89 views

Hobbyist electronics in cars

In order to place a professional electronics product inside a car or other vehicle moving in traffic, it has to be put through mandatory type approval, a test carried out by a neutral 3rd party test ...
Lundin's user avatar
  • 165

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