Questions tagged [european-union]

For questions related to legal systems of European countries and to legal harmonization in Europe, especially in the context of European Union law.

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To comply with GDPR, do I need passwords hashed?

I currently have a website that will be going live soon. The passwords are hashed. Is that all I need to do to comply with General Data Protection Regulation's encryption article? Please cite and ...
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185 views

What happens if I accept work contracts in two EU countries at the same time?

I am going to accept a job in Dublin, Irealnd but I also have an opportunity of getting a work contract in the Czech Republic. The latter job would be mostly remote (it would require me to visit the ...
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1answer
92 views

Where to pay taxes if working remotely and freelancing

I am a student, and I am thinking to start working (freelancing) on an online platform where I will deliver online courses that people will pay to have access. The platform, as far as I am aware does ...
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116 views

Signed a contract with employer stating they own all my IP; they sent an email saying its only for competing products. Should I be worried?

I recently joined a large IT company, before joining I had concerns with my contract, it states that they own all rights over what I create (from ideas, software, you name it). I love making my own ...
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2answers
2k views

Does any host provider currently comply with GDPR?

According to Rec.81; Art.28(1)-(3) of the GDPR regulation, "The carrying-out of processing by a processor should be governed by a contract or other legal act under Union or Member State law, binding ...
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39 views

What constitutes PII w.r.t. DPA \ EU legislations?

I have the following data items: Name Office Department Parking space number I'm using What is personal data? – A quick reference guide to figure out what out of these items would be regarded as PII....
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1answer
59 views

European Air Passenger rights - Must airline pay?

Short story: Air Berlin went on strike last October - we got home 15hours later - Air Berlin have said euro air passenger rights penalty/rewards are optional, they also said flight was cancelled due ...
4
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1answer
155 views

Is it legal for Maltese border officer to ask where an EU citizen is coming from?

Long story short: the officer first checked my passport, then asked me where I was coming from. I replied that he had no right to ask such question and that me not answering wouldn't be a valid reason ...
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85 views

Which information is it illegal to keep when a user wants to delete his/her account?

I am creating a company that offers a certain service to private individuals and professionals. I know that if someone wants to delete his/her account, we have the obligation to grant the user this ...
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1answer
91 views

Can I obtain discount codes using disposable email addresses?

A lot of online shops offer discount codes to new customers that sign up for their newsletter. While you can use an email address only once to obtain such a code I found out that using disposable ...
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1answer
64 views

Income tax: Working for a foreign company from home

Say I live in country A and work from home for a company which resides in country B. Both A and B are members of EU. Where do I pay my income tax?
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1answer
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Resellers under GDPR - disclosure of data processors or countries of data storage?

A significant number of web-design and I.T. consultancy companies typically re-sell third party services related to their own as part of their product/service portfolio, to give a few examples, ...
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63 views

Why didn't European VW cars owners get any reimburse after VW scandal?

I read that Volkswagen broke some American laws on the answer to another question, but it still baffles me how come in Europe there was no class action against the company. Besides, VW admitted to ...
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1answer
412 views

Germany Vs EU Parliament, Case C-233/94: summary of the case

I am studying this case but I am only able to find the judgment of the court and the opinion of the general advocate. Where I can find a summary of the facts of the case?
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1answer
330 views

EU Cookie Law: can two sites differing by the third level domain can be considered a single website?

Let's make a common example: www.example.com is the main website of a company, then they have blog.example.com that is the company's blog. It's important to note that the same organization is ...
6
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1answer
220 views

Can a university in EU refuse to grant me a degree after I completed studies?

I have completed a 120 ECTS Master program in a research university in the Netherlands. However, to get a diploma, I need to make a separate application. I did not apply for the diploma in time before ...
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1answer
246 views

Is user consent needed to display a Google Map on a website?

I would like to display a Google Map in a website project of mine. This requires loading the JavaScript api from Google: https://developers.google.com/maps/documentation/javascript/tutorial?hl=en#...
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1answer
273 views

How can Subway's and my local pizzeria legally use imperial-only units to sell their goods?

UK and EU law state that products sold in the UK must be advertised in metric units (Wikipedia). However, Subway's sells sandwiches that are "footlong" or "six inches", and at least two pizzeras I ...
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84 views

Is compromising a user considered legal if it is to inform them?

Today my mother received an email from herself, containing the following message This is an automated message by an email validator. If you are receiving this email it means that your email ...
6
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1answer
568 views

EU Cookie Law can I use cookies before users' consent?

I am trying to get my website to be EU Cookie compliant and I have encountered some plugins which have something called "implied consent" in other words a popup appears on the website saying something ...
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1answer
5k views

Can Amazon ask for my credit card statement?

I have problems with Amazon, I was trying to buy a 30 eur gift card for a birthday but they put the order on hold and blocked my account. Then I got a mail stating that I should fax Amazon my latest ...
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1answer
277 views

Refusal to terminate tenancy with months notice

I am renting property in UK and today tried to give my months notice, however letting agency refused to accept it claiming that they can only accept it on 25th - day when agreement started, and that ...
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2answers
2k views

Is it legal to organize a female-only event, assuming the topic isn't gender-specific?

I've recently seen a few "female-only" lectures about technical topics, organized by companies that try to promote the presence of women in engineering. While I don't feel like I'm discriminated (...
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2answers
2k views

Will I have problems if I accept two job offers in two different EU countries?

I am non-European and I have never lived in France. I recently got a job offer from a company in France and I signed it. A few weeks later, I received another job offer from a company in Germany. ...
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31 views

Property rights on product for specified region

Company A has developed product incorporating owned intellectual property. Can Company A sell intellectual property rights for this product for Company B just for defined geographic region (for ...
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1answer
1k views

Q about consequences of a software license amendment regarding patents: Facebook's open-source “react”

UPDATE 22 Sep, 2017 "Relicensing React, Jest, Flow, and Immutable.js" (MIT license, PATENT file removed) https://code.facebook.com/posts/300798627056246/relicensing-react-jest-flow-and-immutable-js/ ...
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48 views

What slaughter laws exist in the US and Europe?

I mean actual laws for industrial farms applicable to killing animals.
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117 views

Is this cancellation policy legal?

I reserved a motorhome in Iceland. On the invoice the cancellation policy was listed. I didn't pay the invoice and then cancelled the reservation 2 months prior to the starting date. I cancelled ...
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2answers
238 views

Is it really illegal for Google to keep unblurred Street View imagery made in Germany and even in European Union?

If so, what exact laws are responsible for it? I'm a big fan of Google Street View and I have heard that it's illegal in European Union and in Germany to keep street view imagery in unblurred form ...
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3answers
162 views

Why are damages awarded in civil suits far higher in the US than (continental) europe?

In Bollea v. Gawker, Bollea was awarded $140 million damages for "invasion of privacy, infringement of personality rights, and intentional infliction of emotional distress". This seems orders of ...
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70 views

Difference between Europol members and Europol cooperating countries

According to Europol, they are actually 28 members in this organization but also numbers of others external co-operating countries like Switzerland, Norway and even USA So, what the point of being ...
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2answers
3k views

In which circumstances can law enforcement of one country cross the border of another one?

Say someone have made a criminal offense in one European country (say France), the (suspected ?) criminal is in a car or any others means in which he can escape law enforcement officers pursuing him ...
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223 views

Is it legal to write PhD theses for other people?

I got an offer from a newspaper to make my story public on how I wrote a lot of PhD's for paying customers. Do I have to fear legal consequences and what would happen if I make it public (without ...
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1answer
2k views

What legal ramifications can be imposed for making a item appears as though it has been stolen in transit, and then allowing the vendor to replace it?

I once crossed paths with an individual boasting about his technique for getting free stuff. He would go online and search for people selling second-hand "nearly new" gear that was still within their ...
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3answers
2k views

Are there situations where it is legal to threaten someone with a gun but not legal to fire the gun?

One of the essential rules of firearm safety is to never point a gun at anything or anyone you do not intend to shoot. It also seems to be a consensus that whenever it wouldn't be lawful to shoot ...
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2answers
567 views

Do I have to allow users to delete their acounts?

On my web app, the only personal information that I ask users for when they sign in is their e-mail address. The e-mail address is not shown to any other users, but one can check if a user exists ...
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1answer
137 views

Non-european company flight cancellation compensation

Me and my partner booked return tickets from Paris to Antananarivo with Air Madagascar. On our way there, they cancelled the flight and we weren't informed until we arrived at the airport (we took the ...
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2answers
198 views

Legal meaning of european citizenship

For quite a few years, europeans have held european citizenship. But what is the actual meaning of the phrase in law? By that I mean, is a (say) person born and lifelong resident in Germany, a ...
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3answers
304 views

Would the UK still have to leave the EU if they changed their mind after invoking Article 50?

After the brexit referendum results came in, there has been a lot of talk about Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union: Any Member State may decide to withdraw from the Union in accordance with ...
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1answer
82 views

Which country's laws apply to buying/selling illegal items? Buyer, seller or owner of the service?

Assuming user A (in country I) sells stolen virtual accounts to the user B (in country II) on the darknet market using service owned by user C (in country III) which is hosted on the web server (...
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2answers
96 views

Does merely serving content alone constitute “operating” in the EU and so should every website be compliant with the EU Cookie Law?

I was wondering if all websites in the world need to be compliant with the EU Cookie Law. For example a company website of a US company, hosted in the US but serving visitors in the EU. Also, does ...
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1answer
195 views

Stateless in EU deported in US

I was wondering for a long time if a stateless person is found in the EU under 18 with no documents at all, claim to be born in the US can be deported to the US ? I searched in US laws and conventions ...
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1answer
154 views

What if the law changes after your proces begins?

What would happen if there is a law change and those laws had had an influence on your case? Some scenarios, what would happen: The law you are sued for is deleted ... while your process is going ...
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2answers
3k views

European consumer protection law for virtual goods?

I've purchased vanity content on two occasions on the game 'League of Legends' - April 6th and April 10th. I have now decided that I want my money returned (a combination of lack of friends any longer ...
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1answer
385 views

Can I use logos and names of other companies in my application?

I want to create an app to search flights for different airlines (probably 3-4). I will not use airlines names (or part of names) in my app name and I will not use airlines logo in my logo. All I ...
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1answer
244 views

Is it legal to create / run a CS:GO jackpot site in europe?

Can there be any circumstances to doing so?
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225 views

Can I get kicked out of the UK if they leave the EU?

I am an Irish citizen and I moved to the UK a few years ago. Now they are going to vote whether to leave the EU. I know they might decide not to apply the law retrospectively but by law- would they be ...
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1answer
952 views

Is it legal to host a directory of .onion urls?

.onion is a special-use top level domain suffix designating an anonymous hidden service reachable via the Tor network. .onion. (2016, March 11). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 12:46,...
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1answer
122 views

How does a poor bombing fugitive suspect afford a 200 dollars an hour lawyer?

A suspected jihadist who fled Paris on the night of the Paris attacks and hid for 4 months in Belgium as a fugitive, has recently hooked up with a prominent high profile Belgian lawyer, the kind that ...
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1answer
99 views

EU Legal instruments

Can someone explain to me the distinctions between the various EU legal instruments, particularly "regulation", "implementing regulation" and "directive"?