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Questions tagged [geneva-convention]

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25 votes
2 answers

Do armed residents engaging in self-defense count as civilians during armed conflict?

Resident T does not hold any official position in an armed group An Army or a militia from a foreign country not recognized by T's country, enters T's neighborhood. T attempts to defend his ...
3 votes
1 answer

Where is the line between defending a city and using human shields?

The Geneva Convention prohibits the use of human sheilds. From the Red Cross: The prohibition of using human shields in the Geneva Conventions, Additional Protocol I and the Statute of the ...
2 votes
3 answers

Is capital punishment for prisoners of war legal?

The Third Geneva Convention guarantees several human rights to prisoners of war. Suppose Country A captures prisoners of war, puts them to trial for a specific offense, gives them a good defense ...
12 votes
3 answers

Does the Geneva Convention apply to the party denying that the war is going on?

Suppose a country R invades another country U without declaring war and insists that the invasion is not a war, but a "special operation", aimed at liberating U's citizens from U's ...
3 votes
1 answer

Does the Israeli military have a legal right to shoot at anyone within the Gaza Strip that they suspect of being a member of Hamas?

In regard to the ground incursion of the Gaza Strip by the Israeli military, I would like to know if it is stated somewhere in either international law, or in Israel law, or in the Geneva Convention, ...
0 votes
0 answers

I have an International Driving Permit (1949 convention) issued on July 1 2022: is it valid until June 30, 2023 end of day or July 1, 2023 end of day?

Also, end of day in which time zone? Country of issuance or country where one is currently located? I read the 1949 Geneva Convention on Road Traffic but didn't see the answer.
10 votes
1 answer

What's counts as "taking active part in the hostilities" under the Geneva Convention?

The Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War states that Persons taking no active part in the hostilities, including members of armed forces who have laid down ...
1 vote
1 answer

When unmanned objects, such as satellites, are used for military purposes, do they become valid military targets according to international law?

In the current conflict in Ukraine there has been some speculation that Russia may try to knock out or disable satellites used in support of the Ukrainian army. Notably, large civilian constellations ...
2 votes
1 answer

Is a civilian protected by law of war if they may provide a vital information to their military and cannot be detained?

The general rule is that civilians are protected persons in military conflicts. But civilian casualties can be excused if associated with military necessity. I can easily imagine a situation, in ...
2 votes
2 answers

What are the boundaries of warfare in regards to targeting persons in command?

None of the targeted strikes against Russian commanders on the ground in Ukraine was decried as a war crime, so i guess targeting military people near the front that 'only' give orders instead of ...
4 votes
1 answer

name rank and serial... against the police?

People who have been in the military will know that if they are interned as combatants and questioned, all they have to answer is their name, rank, and serial number. So for example, if Private Paula ...