Questions tagged [indian-constitutional-law]

The Constitution of India is the supreme law of India.

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How are Indian laws classified and how many types of law are there?

As a common man, with a limited to no knowledge about the Indian legal system... How are Indian laws classified? (Covering every law in India.) If I were to search and know about a law in India, ...
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What exactly is Contempt of Court Acts in 1971, in Indian law?

Recently some people are trying sue people who criticized Indian SC. Plea seeks contempt of court proceedings against three for criticising SC's comments Read more here I thought one could easily ...
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can a Private limited company in India be converted into NGO/section8 company?

In recent times Cloudflare converted into a non-profitable organization even though it has lots of paid and unpaid services, but it was located outside India but provides service in India. Cloudflare ...
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is it necessary for India to have a war crimes act to prosecute war criminals in India too?

Many EU nations have a war crimes act in their countries to prosecute e g. Germany and the UK. war crime act 1991 war crime act in india Section 120A and 120B of IPC,1860 says that when two or more ...
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What is GST status over Crypto transactions in India?

Even though profit from cryptocurrencies like Bitcoin and Ethereum are taxed at 30%, that is only on converting that into Indian fiat, only then the citizen has to pay the tax of 30% of profits of ...
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1 answer
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Starting a new religion in India

Context Indian constitution provides fundamental right to freedom of religion (Article 25,26,27,28 among others). India is country with secular constitution. However many personal laws regarding ...
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What is the significance of the use of 'promote' in Article 27 of the Indian Constitution?

The Constitution of India states under Article 25 Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion Subsequently Article 27 states Freedom from payment of taxes for ...
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How does a court infer marriage in India?

Since in India marriages are not legal contracts, how does a court infer marriage in India? As living together is legal in India without marriage, having a biological child cannot be the proof of ...
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Can hospitals run by trusts discriminate based on religion in India

Suppose there's a hospital run by any trust. It gives free medicines to patients belonging to a particular religion and other patients have to pay for their medicines. However, India is a secular ...
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Section 112 in The Indian Evidence Act, 1872 still valid and enforceable, in the face of DNA testing telling that the child is illegitimate?

Here is Section 112 in The Indian Evidence Act, 1872. Central Government Act Section 112 in The Indian Evidence Act, 1872 112. Birth during marriage, conclusive proof of legitimacy.—The fact that any ...
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Is there a law in India that determines the punishment on the basis of quantity of narcotic drugs possessed by a person?

Suppose a person was found with 1kg of a narcotic drugs and another person with say 1000kgs does the punishment for the crime differ for both the people accused?
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Legal and practical ways to deal with noisy neighbours in India [duplicate]

Consider some neighbours who play very loud music on routine basis and occassionally organise party with even more noise. What are legal ways to deal with them and what are my rights in this case? ...
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Is keeping weed/ganja for one time usage (for one person) a crime in India?

Is it illegal to possess an amount equal to a one-time usage for one person? Is there any specific law for this?
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What is the dependence of an individual's religion when applying for an Indian visa?

Recently a decision was made by those concerned in India to make the visa given to Afghan refuges to be independent of religion (Source). The article states that there is a religion based priority for ...
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Can a granddaughter claim her grandfather's property after both her father and grandfather have died according to Muslim law?

F had three sons: A, B and C. A died. 20 years later F died, followed by the death of A's wife leaving a surviving daughter. Following the death of F, his property transferred to the two surviving ...
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Can a writ of mandamus be filed in any Indian High Court?

I am planning to file a writ of mandamus in an Indian High Court against a Government statutory body. Can it be filed in any High Court or is it necessary to file it in a specific High Court within ...
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Can the impeachment of the Indian president be judicially reviewed, or is it a violation of Article 122?

We know that impeachment of a president is quasi-judicial but does it mean that there can't be any judicial review. Is it a violation of Article 122?
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On the mention of secularism in India Constitution

Secularism is the principle of seeking to conduct human affairs based on secular, naturalistic considerations. It is most commonly defined as the separation of religion from civic affairs and the ...
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8 votes
2 answers
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Do the observations of constitutional courts that are not necessary for deciding the case form binding precedents for lower courts?

My question concerns the principle that constitutional courts should not decide what is not strictly necessary for deciding the case at hand. What happens if, say the Supreme Court, made well reasoned ...
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6 votes
1 answer
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Is marriage rejection on the basis of caste a criminal offence?

I am a Brahmin and my girlfriend is Schedule caste, and my parents are denying our marriage because of caste. Will it be considered a criminal offence under Indian caste discrimination law, if any?
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Can a Muslim widow claim from her late father-in-law's estate when her husband dies before him?

Does a Muslim widow (with one daughter) have a valid claim to her husband’s father's property (30 acres of agricultural land in India) in cases where her husband dies first, then her father-in-law ...
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1 answer
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Child naming in India - is it regulated

My question has two parts regarding with the - Regulation of First and/or Middle name Regulation of Last name First question might not be tricky but for second question there could be some ...
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2 answers
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What's the minimum age of consent for sexual matters in India

I'm confused about the age of consent for sexual relations. Is it 18 or 16? IPC (1860) has various sections like 375 which criminalises sex with girl under 18years of age even with her consent. But ...
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Is online lottery legal in India?

Is a person from Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India allowed to play an online lottery? I know playing the lottery is banned in Uttar Pradesh, India, but what about playing the online lottery of other states ...
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Constitutional validity of financial regulation of individuals

I am probably simplifying a complex situation, but this is the way I see it. There are several laws in India that govern the financial behavior of individuals - what securities they can buy in foreign ...
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Is there any specific IPC section for torture/torture before crime

This question is specifically related to the Indian Constitution So, I have been wondering if a criminal tortures the victim before committing a crime like rape or murder. Would it include additional ...
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1 answer
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"Minimum legal distance" between neighbor's property line and a plant of woody trees

As we know that trees are essential everywhere but they sometimes cause nuisances as well when not properly planted or maintained. Keeping this in mind, has there been made any law that describes the ...
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1 vote
0 answers
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Is the (Indian) Divorce Act, 1869 applicable for all religions, or is it applicable only to Christians?

As you can see in the preliminary of this (Indian) Divorce Act of 1869 here, it talks about the extent of Act in point 2 of preliminary. I understand that according to that point, the Court can grant ...
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1 answer
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Violating Non-Compete Agreement with my Employer

I'm currently employed in a startup in India. I have been working here for 1 year, and have signed non-compete agreement (electronically or digitally). Recently a person contacted me in Linkedin ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
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What if someone accuses another person of killing him in his last statement before death

Suppose, Person X has some minor feud with person A. If X sets himself on fire and accuses A of killing him (last statement before legal authorities) and later dies. Will last statement of deceased ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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Rights of Joint administrators of a property

If legal heirs of a joint property have acquired the letter of administration of the joint property, can a single co-owner sell his share (in india)? Edited to add: Can the said co-owner go for a ...
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2 votes
0 answers
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Can a Christian convert marry a non-Christian girl under Indian Christian Marriage Act?

I am a Christian in India who recently got converted from Hinduism. I am in love with a woman who's a Hindu. I was thinking about marrying her in the Church I am a member of, but she pointed out that ...
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Is it legal for India to deny entry to Indian Citizens?

The Indian Government has imposed complete lockdown of ALL inbound passengers including Indian Citizens. It has plenty of confusing wording but it says specifically iii) As such, no incoming ...
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2 answers
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Do sanskrit-mottos from religious texts violate secularism in India?

In India many Government Institutions, agencies, Judicial Bodies etc use mottos from religious texts primarily Hindu texts like Vedas, Puranas, Upanishads etc. Does this violate concept of secularism ...
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Citizenship Amendment Act(CAA) is unsecular? (currently trending in india)

India considers themself a secular nation. It amended the Citizenship Act of 1955 by providing a path to Indian citizenship for members of Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi, and Christian ...
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Is statement of objectives of a bill considered part of the law?

I want know if the law is just the clauses and sections of the constitution or does it also expand to the statement of objectives of a bill as well. I am asking this with regard to the recent unrest ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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What are the chances of legal issues on self-acquired property transferred to grandsons based on will execution?

Say a grandfather has written a will that his self acquired property goes to his grand sons after his death, and will has been executed after his death and now property transferred on to his grandsons....
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How to save marriage when wife's family influence/force for divorce

We both were in relationship from 2010, married in 2017 and were lived together almost 3 years under a roof before our marriage. Her parents were against the marriage because of caste and community ...
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Is the Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Act violative of fundamental rights?

On July 31, 2019, Government of India published the concerned Act in its official gazette. Article 4 in the Act has penal provisions which turns the act of declaring instantaneous unilateral divorce ...
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Can TV channels registered in one language run shows in another?

In India, TV channels are registered with the government and have to obtain permission before they can air. Can a channel which is registered as an English channel run programme in Hindi or any other ...
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-1 votes
3 answers
71 views

What legal proof is valid for a user to complain under an online privacy policy

Now a days most of website like Bank,Social media,Financial service apps and almost all online service) when we signup or create online a/c or use some online services we need to select privacy policy ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Is it legal to buy/sell a property through power of attorney?

Is there a legal way to buy/sell a property(apartment) in a locality where registration is paused? Heard about power-of-attorney way but not sure if its valid in this scenario! Any advice on this ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
5k views

Difference between pocket and absolute veto in the context of Indian constitution

The pocket of Indian President is bigger than that of US President Meaning that the Indian President can keep a bill pending for infinite time then what is the difference between absolute veto, where ...
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