Questions tagged [international]

For questions about the interaction of two or more sovereign states, including agreements and laws between them, and disputes of jurisdiction for civil or criminal matters.

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1answer
105 views

Can Francois Hollande end up before The Hague for war crimes?

Investigative reporters in France uncovered a French-Egyptian collaboration where the Egyptian military in covert aircraft struck civilians (by all indications those seeking to file for asylum in the ...
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1answer
85 views

Authority of opposite decision on international law of other U.S. court of appeals in state court in instant circuit court

Say the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 9th Circuit decides that the provision of a self-executing, ratified-by-the-U.S. international treaty which provides for an individual right does not provide such ...
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3answers
145 views

How is Poland's EU membership not void because of the EU contract violating the Polish constitution?

As far as I understand it, an illegal contract is void, and the Polish Supreme Court has assessed that EU contract violates the Polish Constitution. Why is Poland still considered an EU member state?
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Is there any other jurisdiction where a government-devised scheme similar to civil forfeiture for crime prevention exist other than the U.S.?

In the U.S., many states adopted laws that allow law enforcement to appropriate property that is liquid or easily liquidated (in practice predominantly cash) not only in cases where past criminal ...
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1answer
34 views

Arbitration and GDPR

Arbitration allow a both parties to settle the dispute outside the court where the arbitrator would decide the law to b e applied to the dispute?. However, arbitration will not exempt their ...
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1answer
23 views

Arbitrator and choice of law

Given the arbitrator is in California, and the dispute is related to say Consumer protection issues in UK, what will be the choice of law during arbitration process?
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1answer
113 views

Are parcel forwarders to other countries legal?

There are online stores in the U.S. that don't ship to Russia. They say that customs house makes delivery "impossible". UPS delivery support told me that delivery to Russia is possible via ...
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2answers
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Is assassination of presumed civilian informants considered a war crime and/or crime against humanity?

In Myanmar for the past several months revolutionary forces have been regularly threatening, targeting, and assassinating civilians who are believed to be reporting anti-government activity to the ...
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1answer
96 views

Is it legal to mention a real newspaper in a fictional book / novel?

I'm writing my first novel. And I'm curious if it is legal for me to mention a real newspaper like "New York Times" or "The Daily Herald" in a fictional horror / thriller novel ...
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1answer
60 views

Can a US person sue an entity that is funded by a federal agency in the US?

Hypothetically, if a foreign company raises money through the US Development Finance Corporation, are they liable to lawsuits in the US if there is a breach of contract between the foreign company and ...
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75 views

What is the purpose of the protocol to the madrid system? [closed]

As the question arises in the title: What is the purpose of this protocol and, especially, what are the benefits over the Madrid system? What is the need for this protocol?
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Did the constitution authorize other states besides the original 13 to join the union?

When reading the Constitution I came across this SECTION. 10. 1 No State shall enter into any Treaty, Alliance, or Confederation; grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal; coin Money; emit Bills of ...
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110 views

International shipping question

Suppose that a private individual (A) who is resident outside the US sends a prescription drug to USA (nothing narcotics or can be abused ) for someone who can't afford the current US prices. Suppose ...
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4answers
75 views

Contract in different languages

Based on a question on another stackexchange site: Contractor A wants to work for company B. A is English speaking, B is in Bulgaria. B offers a contract in Bulgarian, with an English translation, and ...
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1answer
191 views

"diamond" ♦ moderators and the law of agency

Are our moderators (♦) legally considered agents of Stack Exchange, Inc. from the standpoint of other non-moderator community members? I've reviewed the moderator agreement, and note it says: I ...
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2answers
7k views

What happens to a country’s debt if the country ends?

Suppose a country either just calls it quits or is destroyed by war (for example, Yugoslavia or Czechoslovakia). If that country has a national debt, including both domestic and foreign lenders, what ...
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125 views

Breaking Filipino laws outside of the Philippines

If some one breaks the laws of the Philippines in their own country and then visits the Philippines, what happens?
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28 views

Does a training firm need to pay copyright fees for adapting original English content for educational & training purpose(for profit)

Suppose that there is an English language training provider P based in China. P would like to create in-house training material for P's students. The established practice of both Chinese College ...
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1answer
42 views

Does secret or semi-secret prior art invalidate granted patents when presented?

An example would be inventions from the former Soviet Union that were officially secret, then some became semi-secret as they leaked into the public realm but so obscure that only very narrow circles ...
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47 views

Willing union of states and UN membership

Consider the following three scenarios, separated by their initial state of affairs: Distinct states A, B are recognized UN members. Distinct states A, B are a UN member and a non-UN-member state ...
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1answer
36 views

International law: sanctions

I am analyzing the United Nations Charters, specifically focusing on sanctions. I analyzed Art. 41 (Chapter VII) that states: The Security Council may decide what measures not involving the use of ...
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40 views

Fischer-Chauvel Agreement of 1948 : EN version?

Is there somewhere an English version of the Fischer-Chauvel Agreement of 1948 between France and Israel? I am only able to find the original French one.
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1answer
80 views

What kind of compensation can small island states demand from other countries for damages caused by climate changes?

The IPCC report cites state-of-the-art science that could support legal demands on companies and governments to reduce emissions, go beyond net-zero reductions and compensate climate disaster victims. ...
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2answers
39 views

Are corporations subject to international law?

Are corporations subject to international law? A corporation seems to be subject to international law just as much as an individual is, at least according to a decision made by the U.S. against ...
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29 views

Is China's policy of phasing out foreign hardware and software against WTO rules?

China's Communist Party has ordered all state offices to remove foreign hardware and software within three years, the Financial Times reported, in a move which could hit major U.S. firms including ...
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Can Canada export any kind of food and medical supplies to North Korea?

Export and import restrictions can be imposed under the United Nations Act or the Special Economic Measures Act. Exemptions may apply to food; medical supplies; goods used for public health purposes ...
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1answer
77 views

Selling software internationally and taxes

I'm about to go crazy due to the amount of information I have explored on this matter and still I have no answers. Anyone with at least some knowledge, please share it. My case is very simple (I think)...
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1answer
118 views

Coronavirus entry requirement change: flight refund (EU)

The short story is that I (EU citizen) booked a flight, the government imposed an entry a policy change for me post-booking, and the flight company (Lufthansa) refuses to refund me (although re-...
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22 views

Is there a binding version of the “Draft articles on Diplomatic Protection” or is it itself international law?

If not, what customary international law or international precedent provide similar protections to States that, combined, provide the closest protection as described in the Draft?
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77 views

Is commiting a domestic crime in a foreign country punishable?

If a Frenchman was to commit a French crime while visiting Australia, where that action is not a crime, can France prosecute them for that action?
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2answers
309 views

Why is Julian Assange in jail?

Further to another question asked on these boards: Julian Assange was sentenced to 50 weeks for jumping bail on 1 May 2019 Presumably, his jail term began immediately upon sentencing, in which case he ...
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2answers
160 views

Is Web Wed legal?

My question is very simple: are marriages arranged through Web Wed legal? Specifically: Are such marriages fully recognized in the United States? With the apostille service, are such licences fully ...
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2answers
5k views

Where does outer space legally start?

Recently the Billionaire Space Race culminated with both Jeff Bezos and Richard Branson, doing what I can tell without any dispute, "going up" and "coming down". The claim that ...
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1answer
48 views

Can non-US citizens outside the US commit information sharing crimes under ITAR?

Wikipedia states of ITAR (International Traffic in Arms Regulations): US persons (including organizations; see legal personality) can face heavy fines if they have, without authorization or the use ...
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Under international law, is a country responsible for the act committed by a private company?

Under international law, is a country responsible for the act committed by a private company? There are security company like Blackwater that acts like a private military group. While the government ...
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1answer
48 views

What are "a state's natural persons"?

I'm not asking about the definition of "natural person." I'm asking about the definition of the relationship between the state and the person that justifies the use of the grammatical ...
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1answer
125 views

Has article VI or VII of the Outer Space Treaty ever been invoked?

Article VI of the Outer Space Treaty states States Parties to the Treaty shall bear international responsibility for national activities in outer space, including the moon and other celestial bodies, ...
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1answer
77 views

Moving detained person(non-civilian) in Non-international armed conflict (NIACs)

An example: some English guys converted to Islam and fought against the UK in Iraq in favor of ISIS. How were they moved to the UK? bellow I wrote my idea, am I right? I need a legal basis for it. I ...
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8 views

Can an F-2 visa holder establish and manage a company outside of the US?

If someone comes to the US with F-2 visa status, can he establish a new company in Canada or Germany and manages the company and gets it's incomes during the time he is inside the US with the F-2 visa ...
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1answer
130 views

May an F-2 visa holder marry inside the US with a US citizen/green card holder without ending the previous marriage?

If someone with F-2 visa status comes to the US, then wants to marry with a US citizen/green card holder, should he/she ends/gets divorce of his/her previous wife/husband even if their marriage ...
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1answer
143 views

Can employer force me to handover my updated passport? [closed]

I work for a EU organization internationally, They have had my previous passport on file for more than a year, but it has expired last year: They are now requesting I send them my new passport "...
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28 views

How does the WTO define what a 'public body' is?

Washington has repeatedly complained that its judges have adopted a narrow definition of what constitutes a ‘public body,’ effectively allowing several Chinese companies to receive government ...
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0answers
51 views

Can the U.S. self identify as a "developing" country within the WTO organization?

Criticisms of the WTO by the United States and others, such as the European Union and Japan, fall into three major categories: the ability of WTO members to self-identify as “developing” countries in ...
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1answer
45 views

What are the advantages of applying for a patent in each major region instead of going through the Patent Cooperation Treaty?

What are the advantages of applying for a patent in each major region instead of going through the Patent Cooperation Treaty? A lot of companies still decide to submit a patent application to each ...
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2answers
92 views

Is something located outside of territorial waters protected by an international law?

When reading about the Republic of Rose Island (a micronation implanted in 1968, 500m outside Italian territorial waters), I learned that it was attacked, then destroyed by the Italian police forces. ...
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1answer
111 views

How a country can fine an Internet company from another country?

Recently France fined Google. Google intends to comply. Why? How a country can fine an Internet company from another country? I understand that Google's business is mostly ads. As long as France is ...
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Are government-funded research producing patents considered illegal subsidies under the WTO?

Are government-funded research producing patents considered illegal subsidies under the WTO? If not, in what case could this be considered an infringement of WTO trade rules on illegal government ...
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2answers
101 views

How is videogame medium protected by copyright in practical terms?

Before some people get all worked up, the question is being asked in the context of modding. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Video_game_piracy Video game piracy is the unauthorized copying and ...
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1answer
91 views

Does a court have to accept evidence produced by another country if it becomes available during a trial?

Does a court have to accept evidence produced by another country if it becomes available during a trial? Let's say one trial in the U.S. starts after 1 year another country produces evidence that show ...
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2k views

Can a marriage be dissolved between Alice and Bob under California law?

Alice is a national of Afghanistan, Bob is of Afghanistan and the U.S.. Bob gained U.S. citizenship as a result of having been in the employ of the U.S. military as a translator and subsequently ...

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