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Questions tagged [international]

For questions about the interaction of two or more sovereign states, including agreements and laws between them, and disputes of jurisdiction for civil or criminal matters.

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A tricky question about cybercrime

Let’s say I hack into a database when I’m in America, but the database servers are physically in Iran, but to complicate it even more- the company that owns the database is European. These are just ...
security_paranoid's user avatar
-4 votes
1 answer
69 views

How far "down" do war crimes go?

South Africa has filed a case at the International Court of Justice (ICJ) alleging that Israel is engaging in "genocidal acts" in Gaza. We have had cases where relatively low level people ...
User65535's user avatar
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Is it legal for india to ban major platforms and websites under Geospatial Information Regulation Bill 2016

“No person shall depict, disseminate, publish or distribute any wrong or false topographic information of India including international boundaries through internet platforms or online services or in ...
user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
45 views

Literary translation and copyright

A US friend would like to translate literary works published in Farsi. What should they do (if anything) to ensure this is legal assuming the works are not yet in the public domain? Or do the ...
user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
547 views

Is it true that the International Criminal Court can only bring a state to trial if that state accepts the court’s jurisdiction over them?

Article 36 of the ICJ Statute appears to say that a country can voluntarily assent to having the ICJ have jurisdiction over them for the purposes of some trial. https://www.icj-cij.org/statute I am ...
Julius Hamilton's user avatar
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1 answer
54 views

Process after signing a Memorandum of understanding (MoU) for cross-border M&A in Malaysia

If a listed company in Malaysia signed a MoU for cross-border M&A (merger and acquisition), what kind of process does the company needs to take? For example, announcement to their stakeholders; ...
Tak's user avatar
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1 answer
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Common reporting standard

I have a question that I still have no answer for. I know that countries have a mutual agreement called Common Reporting Standard which is thought for fiscal transparency, but how does it operate? If ...
abdul's user avatar
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1 answer
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Are the final stages of a product’s lifecycle protected by patent?

This is a follow up to this question: International patents Consider the following stages of a product’s lifecycle: Manufacture Sales Import/export Use End of life/disposal It is presumed that in a ...
Michael Hall's user avatar
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3 votes
3 answers
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Does a WIPO patent supersede a US patent?

If a United States utility patent has expired but a virtually identical World Intellectual Property Organization patent is still in effect, would the WIPO patent prevent any US manufacturers from ...
Michael Hall's user avatar
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12 votes
1 answer
2k views

Are countries not allowed to require proof of revaccination (booster) against the yellow fever as a condition of entry?

I read on cdc.gov: Countries cannot require proof of revaccination (booster) against [the yellow fever] as a condition of entry, even if the traveler’s last vaccination was >10 years ago. Is ...
Franck Dernoncourt's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
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How does jurisdiction apply to ownership rights of personal belongings across countries? Can ownership be transferred?

Here is the predicament: A has belongings of B. A is a US citizen based in the US and B is a foreign national of another country. B decides that they are giving ownership of their belongings to C who ...
Vis4Victim's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
64 views

Criminal proceedings for a criminal who committed crimes in multiple countries

If a criminal from another country (say Australia) were to commit crimes there and flee to the United States, what government would track him? After capture, would he be returned to the Australian ...
bookloverKM's user avatar
13 votes
1 answer
5k views

What international law did Ecuador break by storming the Mexican embassy?

It is in the news that Mexico is cutting ties with Ecuador after police stormed the Mexican embassy in Quito to arrest former Ecuadorian Vice-President Jorge Glas. Mexican President Andrés Manuel ...
LawSE is far too woke's user avatar
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1 answer
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Can a country choose to only partially ratify a treaty?

Let's say that Country A wants to enter into UNCLOS. However, it doesn't like certain provisions of UNCLOS. Is it legally possible de jure (not de facto, since countries clearly can just establish the ...
LegalNonExpert's user avatar
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1 answer
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Where is the line between law enforcement and warfare wrt the Chemical Weapons Convention?

As I understand it chemical weapons such as tear gas are prohibited under the Chemical Weapons Convention but allowed in law enforcement, possibly by section 9 (d): "Purposes Not Prohibited ...
User65535's user avatar
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Does international law permit counterterrorist invasions under any circumstances?

Or is it the case that if a nation considers some non-state group to be a threat to its security, international law only permits the host state of that group to undertake hostile measures against that ...
Julius Hamilton's user avatar
9 votes
2 answers
3k views

Is intent required for genocide?

A question was recently posted, asking, Is there an... lesser charge for genocide, covering e.g. actions with the effect of destroying, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious ...
Someone's user avatar
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1 answer
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Is there a manslaughter version of genocide?

Snopes's article on the South Africa vs Israel genocide case explains that intent is an important element of genocide. Likewise, intent is an important element of murder. But we've also invented the ...
interfect's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
145 views

Is it legal to give someone money when you know they might spend it on bribes?

I've heard that, to escape dangerous regions, refugees sometimes find themselves needing to bribe border officials. This could be because they are legally not supposed to be allowed to leave the state ...
interfect's user avatar
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11 votes
2 answers
4k views

What happens if someone requests asylum in Vatican City?

Suppose someone were to enter Vatican City and request asylum. Vatican City is a highly unusual country and I’m not sure what would happen. Are they a party to any treaties that would require them to ...
templatetypedef's user avatar
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2 answers
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Can just anybody sign the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea?

Say I'm an aspiring state. People are complaining I'm not a "real state" because among other things I'm not a signatory to the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea. Can I "just" ...
interfect's user avatar
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1 answer
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How is international law interpreted when the set of states is subjective?

Different states recognize different other enteties as states, or consider them to be non-states. Sometimes there is international disagreement over which purported government for a state is the real ...
interfect's user avatar
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-1 votes
2 answers
122 views

Does how state-like the Houthis are have any effect on the legality of their attacks on Red Sea shipping?

This question is prompted by comments on my previous question about the relevance of armed professionals on shipping alters their legal status: It's not legal for terrorists to attack a merchant ship ...
User65535's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
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Does the presence of mercenaries like Ambrey Risk change the legality of Houthi attacks?

The M/T Pollux has been hit by a Houthi missile. Reuters is referencing Ambery Risk in their article. We do not know what role Ambery Risk played in this, but some ships are using armed ...
User65535's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
99 views

Would it have been legal for Ukraine to target the Pollux?

The M/T Pollux has been hit by a Houthi missile. This has been described as "lawless" by the US State Dept. The Houthis are describing this as a "British ship", and Reuters is ...
User65535's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
70 views

Publish a vocabulary list from a Korean Comic

I'm learning Korean through comics. So everytime I read a chapter, I always make an extensive vocabulary list containing an English translation for each Korean word in that chapter. My question is: ...
A person's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
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Section 184 of the Canadian Criminal Code and Foreign Actors

This is inspired by recent events, but I will not be naming names. My understanding of section 184 is that people in Canada are allowed to intercept communications by any means provided that they ...
LegalNonExpert's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
80 views

Is there a specific law protecting undersea cables?

It is in the news that the Yemeni republic are saying the Houthis may target the undersea communication cables that run through the red sea. Shipping is protected by specific international treaties ...
User65535's user avatar
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-2 votes
2 answers
123 views

German Online Law [closed]

Since moving to Germany you're always faced with stories of fees to pay upon internet usage (streaming movies, z-library, google adblocker add-on, VPN add-on etc.) what's the punishable acts online in ...
Ari's user avatar
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0 votes
0 answers
52 views

What is the legal situation with warships and Israeli flagged vessels using Yemeni waters?

A previous answer discussed the legality of a blockade and the answer was that this is governed by the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea. On the signatories page this was created when Yemen was two ...
User65535's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
137 views

Does US courts' application of the "political questions doctrine" to breach of international conventions not itself breach them?

The US is a party to the 1948 genocide convention (full text here), and is obligated by it not to support genocide, and, in fact, to act to prevent genocide. It has also codified the convention into ...
einpoklum's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
170 views

Can a Japanese Company sue another Japanesse Company in US Court?

The company Pocketpair recently released a game that many allege violates Nintendo's IP rights. My friends and I were discussing the situation when I brought the Idea-Expression Dichotomy, a feature ...
E Tam's user avatar
  • 121
25 votes
2 answers
4k views

Do armed residents engaging in self-defense count as civilians during armed conflict?

Resident T does not hold any official position in an armed group An Army or a militia from a foreign country not recognized by T's country, enters T's neighborhood. T attempts to defend his ...
Ona's user avatar
  • 457
4 votes
1 answer
159 views

is it legal to monetize a translation of a foreign song

Suppose I find a copyright-protected song that has not been released in English. Could I release and monetize an English translation/interpretation of this song? Is it possible to copyright my ...
chris's user avatar
  • 41
-2 votes
1 answer
164 views

Risk assessment and international safety regulations for cruise ships

I saw that a new giant cruise ship powered by methane gas has just entered service. The linked article talks only about the risk for climate change which might be caused by leaking gas, but I thought ...
FluidCode's user avatar
  • 520
1 vote
2 answers
257 views

Would destroying rupees be an international offense?

In the Bill No. 174 of 2023 - "THE BHARATIYA NAGARIK SURAKSHA (SECOND) SANHITA, 2023", it is stated that: "Mischief causing loss or damage to any property or fine, or both, including ...
Jausk's user avatar
  • 111
0 votes
1 answer
120 views

Does offering a surrender you know will not be accepted count as a false surrender?

you're a captain on a ship that's taken heavy damage, so you decided to devise a plan, you order your crew off the ship, you surrender your damaged ship and her crew (which consists of just you) to ...
Dave's user avatar
  • 101
3 votes
1 answer
64 views

What implications does the signatory and ratification status bring to the Rome Statute?

Wikipedia has a map of the Rome Statue with signatories and ratification, My question is about the significance of these status points. What does it mean to be signatory, and ratifier and what ...
Evan Carroll's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
137 views

Do the ICC and ICJ (UN) have different definitions or different standards for burden of proof on Genocide?

There are two international, ICC: International Criminal Court ICJ (UN): International Court of Justice These two courts both claim global jurisdiction over charges of genocide. Regardless of one ...
Evan Carroll's user avatar
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-3 votes
3 answers
221 views

Judge being Guilty

Assume there is a criminal trial, where somehow defence proves the judge to being a criminal. In this scenario, does the judge leaves the bench and his authority over the case is removed? Based on ...
Velma's user avatar
  • 648
1 vote
1 answer
96 views

How would one go about a DBA on the internet?

AFAIK a DBA (Doing business as) needs to be for the target market, not for the place of the business. If I'm wrong, that's that. If I'm correct, then how would one who is selling over the internet to (...
ispiro's user avatar
  • 331
2 votes
1 answer
171 views

Does a decision by the International Court of Justice provide a legal basis for an armed intervention?

The Charter of the United Nations states in Article 49 Par 2: If any party to a case fails to perform the obligations incumbent upon it under a judgment rendered by the Court, the other party may ...
Peter - Reinstate Monica's user avatar
2 votes
3 answers
162 views

Now is it legally possible to hold political office in two countries at the same time?

For example, are there two or more countries where there is no requirement on a head of government to give up dual citizenship? If so, the technical possibility of becoming the head of two countries (...
Chris Sanders's user avatar
-2 votes
3 answers
225 views

Is a machine that automatically shoots back legal?

A major difficulty in modern warfare is that militants often shoot rockets from within a civilian area, then quickly go into underground tunnels. It is very difficult for the defenders to shoot back ...
Erel Segal-Halevi's user avatar
1 vote
4 answers
204 views

What does it mean to be "bound" in law?

What does it mean to be "bound" in law?
Jen's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
89 views

What regulations is this person talking about?

I am studying at a US university, on a student loan from a UK company - funds are paid directly to the university. The loan provider already disbursed the loan amount to my university's finaid ...
spatial's user avatar
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9 votes
1 answer
981 views

Are parole agreements between PoWs and their captors legally binding?

It seems at one point to not have been unheard of for a prisoner of war to sign a parole agreement with their captor, independent of their own country's command structure. In the American Civil War, ...
user99478's user avatar
  • 193
2 votes
3 answers
3k views

Is capital punishment for prisoners of war legal?

The Third Geneva Convention guarantees several human rights to prisoners of war. Suppose Country A captures prisoners of war, puts them to trial for a specific offense, gives them a good defense ...
Erel Segal-Halevi's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
65 views

Germany GmbH shareholder living in another EU country

When an EU citizen who is holding shares of a GmbH decides to move to another EU country, what are his obligations to the tax office and the state?
ptheofan's user avatar
  • 109
2 votes
1 answer
120 views

Legality of the Border Tunnels

The Korean Demilitarized Zone is a well-established demarcation line between the Republic of Korea (RoK) in the south and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) in the north. It is also ...
Trish's user avatar
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