Questions tagged [international]

For questions about the interaction of two or more sovereign states, including agreements and laws between them, and disputes of jurisdiction for civil or criminal matters.

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41 views

Can China be sued in U.S. court for torts related to COVID?

Does U.S. law allow a U.S. plaintiff to sue China for damages stemming from COVID? (I am not asking whether there is sufficient evidence to support such an allegation; only whether U.S. courts assert ...
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1answer
14k views

Can suits be filed in small claims courts from overseas?

I often see freelancers suggesting to other freelancers to use the small claim courts to get paid when the client is in another country. Already with the small claim court, there's a maximum amount ...
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1answer
94 views

What is the legal basis under US law for prisoner swaps with Russia?

In 2010, the USA and Russia agreed to exchange prisoners. The political basis for such agreements is clear, but how does it work legally? Is there a formal agreement in international law between the ...
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1answer
113 views

Written evidence vs terms of service

Me: from Europe Company A: from United States of America I signed up for a service from company A. A stated in their written e-mails to me that I would get a full refund when the service they ...
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45 views

Which airline is legally responsible for undue charges in a multi-stop flight booking

I booked a multi-stop international flight from Qatar airways website, and the receipt clearly states that 1 piece of checked-in baggage is included in the price. In fact, for each leg separately it ...
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1answer
62 views

What would happen if I transported 100+ items that a business owns for them

Let's suppose that I am going on a trip and a friend of mine who owns a business asks me to take in my luggage 100+ items such as clothing/tech. He sold these items in the country I am travelling to, ...
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1answer
79 views

Is it illegal to give advice to a 17 year old girl who wants to pursue a 50 year old man once she turns 18?

I met a girl on an internet forum who expressed how she at 17 years old liked an older man (a 50 year old), as someone who had a similar experience (but i was an 18 year old woman, so legal) she asked ...
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1answer
74 views

Does International Law only apply to countries that ratify treaties and accept the law?

As far as I understand there are certain laws that compose a body of law called International Law. These laws arise from treaties and political bodies. To provide an answer on this network aside from ...
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2answers
54 views

Tax implications when assigning a patent application to a non-US company?

When a US company transfers ownership for a pending patent application via an assignment to a company outside the US, say for 1 Dollar, are there any tax implications to worry about? As for the 1 ...
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2answers
3k views

What are the formal requirements to cite the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in U.S. courts?

I understand that there has been no attempt to broaden protections subject to civil rights in the U.S. on the grounds of human rights so there is likely no example for such a reference, but U.S. ...
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1answer
48 views

Are online stores supposed to state the true “order cost”/value of an order on the package/envelope for the customs?

I bought an electronic device for about £200 (GBP) from a UK online store to a nearby country where I live. When the package finally arrived, a few weeks later, it stated "£20" for the value ...
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41 views

What international laws were broken by Belarus diverting a flight to arrest someone?

Belarus has been in the news for diverting a civilian airliner flying in their airspace (but not from or to Belarus) to arrest a prominent opposition activist. What laws were broken? My understanding ...
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1answer
84 views

Can consular security staff carry firearms in New York City?

Can the security staff (equivalent to the U.S. Diplomatic Security Service) of the various Embassies/Missions/Consulates/etc located in New York City carry (concealed) firearms as part of their ...
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1answer
296 views

What potential lawsuits does the recent Expensify fiasco expose the company to?

As some of you may know just by checking your mailboxes, David Barrett, the CEO of Expensify, recently sent out a political endorsement e-mail to all of Expensify's users (supposedly, 10 million ...
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2answers
35 views

Protection in international law against employment termination following mass political strike?

The "High Follow-Up Committee for Arab Citizens of Israel" has called for a general strike today, a call which has been heeded widely - but almost entirely by Palestinian Israelis, and even ...
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1answer
51 views

Are tax crimes' punishments in general proportional to the amount of money?

Let's say that I sell 0.001 BTC right now on Bisq (decentralized P2P exchange) and the buyer sends me $500 USD to my bank account. I then use that $500 to buy a pair of headphones for myself. Or I ...
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1answer
246 views

What are “US Business Activities” and “Effectively connected income”, again?

I know this is a confusing matter and there's been number of questions here and articles elsewhere, but maybe it would be simpler in the situation explained below. Assume there's a non-US company ...
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1answer
106 views

Can the German Embassy go through your Whatsapp messages during Visa document verification process?

I am a Pakistani professional living and working in Germany under an "EU Blue Card" visa. I got married a little while back and to join me in Germany, my wife has applied for a Family ...
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1answer
89 views

Is it legal for an 18 year old moroccan man to sext a 17 year old vietnamese girl?

Say a hypothetical 18 year old man from morocco has been texting a vietnamese girl online, and they mostly just talk about hobbies and common interests but she started sexualizing the conversation, ...
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2answers
136 views

What happens if someone steals an apple juice from a supermarket?

I would like to know what is the risk if someone gets caught stealing a cheap item worth $1, such as an apple juice from a supermarket.
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3answers
700 views

Does acceptance of communication with identifying characteristics originating from a disputed territory imply recognition of that territory?

To give an example: One of the more well known currently disputed territories is Crimea. As telecommunication services, and users of such, do continue to operate from that territory under the aegis of ...
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1answer
26 views

Does hosting, developer or user location determine which laws apply?

Example scenario: I live in Switzerland and develop a software. I publish the source code (and maybe a binary executable file) on a server located in the USA. Let's also assume a user from another ...
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1answer
81 views

Does any other country, besides the US, employ something substantially different from the ‘loser pays’ system?

Although many of the jurisdictions that do employ the ‘loser pays’ system only do so up to certain limits, usually of modest amounts, nonetheless all the places I am familiar with have the expectation ...
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3answers
152 views

What happens if two EEZs overlap?

I have a simple question, actually two, that I've searched for a good answer about. I'm looking at the disputes in the South China Sea. First, what happens if two Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ) ...
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2answers
2k views

Is it legal for Grammarly to read, share and store forever all my emails?

I have just noticed the following paragraph in Grammarly Terms and Conditions. By uploading or entering any User Content, you give Grammarly (and those it works with) a nonexclusive, worldwide, ...
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1answer
48 views

How does the US law deal with cross-border market abuse?

I guess that when some market abuse happens within the US, it is relatively easy for SEC to track down the criminals and sue them. But what makes me wonder is that what happens in case someone runs ...
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2answers
127 views

How does UN employment work legally?

If you're an employee of the UN, how does that work legally? Is your employer on the tax form written as the UN? Does it have a tax ID? Which country do you pay tax to? Is it treated like a ...
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1answer
84 views

Origin of goods in international waters

In the Europe Union, it is mandatory for a seller to indicate where the food is coming from. If fish were caught in international waters, should we consider its origin as the closest country or the ...
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2answers
194 views

Did they not require any kind of passport or identity when traveling between countries before the year 1914?

During World War I, European governments introduced border passport requirements for security reasons, and to control the emigration of people with useful skills. These controls remained in place ...
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1answer
73 views

Is a company liable if an employee illegally works across the border? [closed]

As a US based company, if an employee illegally works from a foreign country in violation of company policy, will the company be held liable for taxes and fines for this action? If the company is held ...
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2answers
209 views

Belgium's historical Charter for indefinite access to UK waters

In 1666 King Charles II granted 50 fishermen from the city of Bruges ‘eternal access’ to British waters, and the EU are now trying to 'grandfather' this treaty. Is this treaty valid under all possible ...
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1answer
113 views

What happens when a president is part of a mafia that violates the law in other countries?

In his confession, one of the individuals arrested in FIFAgate (corruption, bribes that were paid through United States financial institutions) mentioned former President of Argentina Cristina ...
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1answer
622 views

Can the U.S government break up an international monopoly?

In the event a national monopoly forms such as a major railway or oil company, the U.S government (or any other government) can choose to take action such as breaking up that company into smaller ...
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2answers
152 views

Law enforcement requesting passwords from companies?

Could UK law enforcement enforce s.49 of RIPA 2000 on a company outside the UK, say Snapchat, Facebook, or Google, in order to retrieve a user's hashed password from their database to log into that ...
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2answers
104 views

Personal liability forum shopping: When does US personal liability law apply? When can its application be excluded?

I am interested in the possibilities of forum shopping in regard to personal injury claims. (Tort and contract.) For the sake of argument, let's assume a manufacturer M that manufactures electronics ...
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2answers
5k views

How is a person residing abroad subject to US law?

I am reading this press release of the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Northern District of California. The attorney states that: Mason Sheppard, aka “Chaewon,” 19, of Bognor Regis, in the United ...
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2answers
86 views

How important is the © symbol in copyright notices?

Many years ago, probably some time around 1990, a lawyer was sent around my employer (in the UK) to brief all the programmers about the need to include a proper copyright notice at the top of every ...
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2answers
88 views

Are there any international laws or rules for returning a dead body after a cross-border killing?

International law never allows such killing of unarmed people trying to cross a country's border. Are there any international laws, processes or rules to return dead body in these circumstances? From ...
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1answer
59 views

Trying a foreigner in the United States - praticalities

I am reading this press release of the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Northern District of California. The attorney states that: Mason Sheppard, aka “Chaewon,” 19, of Bognor Regis, in the United ...
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3answers
141 views

Can a country put a foreign criminal on trial, without catching them?

I'm thinking about a few scenarios here. One scenario is a Pablo Escobar scenario, or a Don Eladio scenario if you're a BCS fan like myself: A drug kingpin operating outside the United States, ...
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3answers
2k views

Discrimination arguments against the Ministry of Education that imposes an ethnicity to pupil

Imagine the fictional Republic of Tratatoria is ethnically composed from Barmaliens, Turariens and Gluzariens. The Minister of Education of the Republic of Tratatoria considers himself as Gluzarien. ...
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4answers
164 views

Can someone by prosecuted if they commit a crime outside of all jurisdictions?

Scenario: Fred and his wife Sue are crossing the Atlantic Ocean on their yacht and are hundreds of miles from the closest nation. They jump into the water for a quick swim, and while in the water, ...
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1answer
76 views

How Does the Compulsoriness of Skipper Licences and Flag State Relate?

Focused core question What documents/licences should I get, if any, in case I didn't wanted to have problems with authorities while sailing around the world, on any given type of sailboat having any ...
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1answer
52 views

Do data privacy laws force age restriction on youtube?

If ever a privacy is passed restricting age to something higher than 13 ( COPPA ) would all youtubers be forced to age restrict videos (not made for kids ) even if they feature content suited to ...
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2answers
148 views

Were the Nuremberg trials legal with respect to the US constitution?

I'm very much a layman, and an Englishman rather than American, with an interest in political philosophy. I was reading through the US constitution the other day, and one sentence in Article I, ...
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2answers
255 views

International sexting between two minors - Text only

A 12-year-old living in the U.S. "sexted" with a 14-year-old in Sweden. Was any crime committed? Are there possible legal consequences for either child having engaged in that act?
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How does the WTO ‘Dispute Settlement Body’ enforce ‘binding’ decisions?

As far as I can tell the WTO does not rely on the UN Security Council to enforce any binding decisions, which is the only international body I’m aware of that has the authority. I’ve not yet found a ...
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1answer
62 views

What's the difference between 'a free state' and an 'independent state?'

According to Daniel Parton, an associate professor of law at Boston University, in March 1946, the French Government recognised the Republic of Vietnam as 'a free state' but not as an independent one ....
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1answer
42 views

Conflicting different country laws when browsing the Internet, as you connect to servers worldwide [duplicate]

When a user browses the Internet, downloads or views content and websites, which law are they under, the law from its own country, from where they are browsing the Internet, or the law from the ...
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1answer
97 views

Why are businesses not concerned about every law in the world, mostly?

Several businesses have publicly accessible websites . Thus don't they operate in every country? Then why are they only concerned about their own country's laws and sometimes GDPR and CCPA? Is it ...

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