Questions tagged [international]

For questions about the interaction of two or more sovereign states, including agreements and laws between them, and disputes of jurisdiction for civil or criminal matters.

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1answer
128 views

What are “US Business Activities” and “Effectively connected income”, again?

I know this is a confusing matter and there's been number of questions here and articles elsewhere, but maybe it would be simpler in the situation explained below. Assume there's a non-US company ...
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2answers
179 views

is there any law for using unlicensed or cracked software?

Is there any law for using unlicensed or cracked software for our personal use? Can we use cracked versions of software in organization?
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1answer
86 views

does law defines any hacker rules? [closed]

does law defines any limitation that tells how much can a hacker use his knowledge in different way? Any boundary that tells about hacker and cracker.
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1answer
104 views

Why is English law so important to finance?

What are the features of the English law that make it so indisposable to international finance and particularly offshore companies? I've recently bumped into this passage when reading about Cyprus, ...
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1answer
102 views

What is 'purposeful conduct'?

In a book that I'm reading about the Nuremberg Trials, I noted the following: A number of minority positions have been cited as representative of NMT, for example in The Presbyterian Church of ...
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0answers
54 views

Are standards and regulations a kind of law?

Are standards and regulations (often set at international level) a kind of law? For example aerospace standards: a company could be prosecuted if it did not follow particular standards. But is the ...
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1answer
59 views

Non US company raised equity by issuing shares to non accredited investors,does re-domiciliation to Delaware cause retroactive breach of US laws?

As per the title I would like to know if anybody knows what happens if a foreign non -- U.S. company ( offshore ) raises equity by advertising and soliciting investors included but not limited to ...
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0answers
188 views

“Reading up” law?

I am currently taking an undergraduate Introduction to International Law course. In an email to the students regarding an upcoming case brief, my professor clarified that one part of the rationale ...
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1answer
138 views

What happens if you commit two murders in two different countries (not your own) and is apprehended in a third country?

What happens if you commit two murders in two different countries (not your own) and is apprehended in a third country? How will the countries most likely come to an agreement, and how long might the ...
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1answer
573 views

Do international sanctions have an impact on Open Source Software?

Background Recently I was reading about embargoes and sanctions on Iran (also this link) and before Sudan, and it got me thinking about how they could impact Open Source Software. Sanctions being ...
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61 views

If a person buys an island in a different country then will he/she has to take Visa for entering his/her island via waterways?

If a HNI (High net worth individual) buys an island on a different country for which the individual doesn't has a nationality/citizenship , then does the individual has to take a separate visa for ...
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1answer
85 views

Is this non-compete contract valid?

I worked for Russian IT bodyshop company A. I've got a good proposal from one of its Italian clients B recently to relocate and work directly for them. But there is one problem: B says they have a ...
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3answers
3k views

What is the jurisdiction of the Khashoggi murder case?

Today, I read that Turkish president Erdogan wants the Saudi hit squad that killed journalist Jamal Khashoggi to face justice in Turkey for their role in the murder. There seems little doubt that a ...
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2answers
306 views

Why do websites exclude CISG in Terms of Service?

Today I clicked into the Terms of Service page of a popular website. To be honest I'm a layman not a lawman, so I don't understand why certain texts must be there. One of them is: United Nations ...
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2answers
1k views

If I don't patent my invention, how closely can a competitor copy my product?

Introduction: I had an idea for how to make a certain product much better. I'm currently in the prototyping stage for a product based on that idea. That idea (the solution to the problem of improving ...
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1answer
48 views

How do publicly issued documents differ in countries that signed the Apostille convention?

As an example, Canada didn't sign the Apostille Convention while the United States did. Practically speaking, what is therefore the difference between the documents issued by these two states? Or in ...
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3answers
121 views

Are there any legal precedents regarding the enforcement of a country's laws on its citizens abroad?

I'm asking about the United States specifically but it would be valuable to hear about other countries as well. Are there legal/constitutional arguments against the application of US laws on US ...
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27 views

It it illegal/prosecutable to know about an illegal activity in another country, but inside the same company?

Say there is one large company that consists of many smaller companies. The former is 100% shareholder of the latter, so there is no doubt about who owns what. One of those smaller companies exists ...
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1answer
169 views

Is the extradition of a person a discretional choice of a state?

So, say someone commits murder in state A, then flees to state B. State A requests the extradition of the murderer. Does state B, in lack of any treaties governing the subject, by the power of ...
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4answers
452 views

Is it a human right to appeal?

I am asking from the standpoint of international law, has the right of appealing against a judgement become a part of customary international law? What if one is wrongfully held liable in a civil case,...
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2answers
48 views

What is meant by 'place of first publication'?

I am currently trying to get my head around the various Laws and Regulations, surrounding Copyright and Public Domain, when it comes to Literature. My initial question opens the discussion, where ...
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1answer
67 views

how can I get my $1000 deposit back for goods I bought in USA and vendor decided not to complete and sold elsewhere

I bought a small plane from E bay ($8000 USD) and paid $1000 via paypal, I went to see the item in The USA at a csot of about $3000!! Both Parties signed a contract agreeing that I would pay remainder ...
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2answers
320 views

How to sue big companies?

I've heard before that some Lawyers in USA offer to defend people against big companies and they ask only for a percentage of the compensation (if they get any), otherwise they don't take any other ...
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2answers
116 views

What happens if a piece of Literature falls within the Public Domain in one Territory but is Copyrighted within another Territory?

I am considering the use of some literature, for use on products on an e-commerce site. For the most part, the literature is classified as being in the public domain. Thus, free of copyright. For a ...
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2answers
158 views

How can the Belgium law allowing Belgium-funded research to be made open access be retroactive?

Belgium recently passed a law allowing researchers to make any of their article open access if the majority of the research funding came from Belgian public funding. The law is retroactive. How can ...
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161 views

International issues [closed]

I've been working with a person in the UK and recently fell into some issues. There's breach of contract being thrown around. I'm just wondering which jurisdiction it would fall under: UK or ...
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3answers
709 views

Why don't US prosecutors press for imprisonment for crime in the banking industry?

In this article by The Guardian published two days ago they report: RBS bankers joked about destroying the US housing market after making millions by trading loans that staff described as "total ...
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2answers
74 views

Is it legal for a website to require registration in order to submit a DMCA?

This is about one of the big file sharing websites that currently has 30+ links to my original content. I sent them an official DMCA, they replied to make a registration on their website and use their ...
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0answers
84 views

How can a country reclaim money held in Swiss bank(s)?

Suppose, a 3rd world country X had a corrupt/autocratic government in the 90's. Politicians embezzled a lot of public money and deposited them in various banks in Switzerland. In the 2010's, that ...
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1answer
108 views

Vienna Convention on Road Traffic(1968) Letters Only Vehicle Registration Plate

There is a large media scandal in Romania about a car that had a preferential number from another country. According to police, the number was illegal because was having letters only and no digits so ...
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2answers
208 views

Is it lawful to discount products below its cost to sell other products on the same sale?

Suppose a company in Singapore buys some hardware for $100, develops some software for it, and wishes to sell the integrated solution for $200 to a foreign customer. The invoice lists the hardware ...
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1answer
43 views

The Kampala Amendments, Germany, and the White Helmets

(as a legal question, I understand that some follow only one of the two main narratives currently running on world events!) Annex I 2.2(g) states that: (g) The sending by or on behalf of a State ...
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2answers
69 views

Can you report use of product copy/likeness in video games for compensation?

If a video game (created outside of the US) has an exact copy on a 3D model used from a large world-wide corporation's (based in US) product is there a way of: Reporting the use of likeness/copy ...
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1answer
115 views

Is criminal prosecution of asylum seekers who entered the US illegally a violation of the Refugee Convention?

The United States is a party to the 1967 Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees, and Article 1, paragraph 1 of that protocol incorporates Articles 2-34 of the 1951 Convention Relating to the ...
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1answer
46 views

What are some good sources for the rights of individual in an international context? [closed]

I am looking for sources for the international rights of individuals between nations. Nations might have problems politically, yet one might say individuals of nations have some international rights. ...
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1answer
761 views

Are people born in a foreign embassy on US soil american citizens?

This question seems hard to google, since all the results are about people born in US embassies on foreign soil. I'm wondering about the situation where someone's born in, say, the French embassy in ...
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9answers
11k views

Can a nation A stop nation B from issuing visas to citizens of nation A?

How would it legally work? For example, could India force U.S. consulates to stop issuing H-1B visas, or other specialized visas, by claiming it amounts to poaching of important human resources? ...
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0answers
87 views

Could one buy a whole country?

Imagine a billionaire who is obsessed with the idea of running his own country. The size and geo location does not matter much. What matters is full sovereignty and international recognition. ...
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0answers
61 views

How do sanctions apply to intellectual property and copyright infringement

Scenario: Business X in country A sells software with a subscription license. Business Y in country B pays monthly for software from X. Country A and B are members of the Berne Convention Example ...
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1answer
194 views

How can huge company mergers that kill all competition be legal?

Disclaimer: I'm a programmer/electrical engineer and therefore a complete novice to law. My question is: how can mergers of direct competitors, each already having a dominant market oligopoly, be ...
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0answers
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Vienna Contract on Road Traffic - can I take my E-Bike (Moped) abroad?

I did some research on that topic, but it did not really become clear to me. Situation: I live in Switzerland. Switzerland did not declare to treat Mopeds as Motor Cycles - Article 54 (2). My fast ...
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2answers
207 views

Excluding all people from the EU from my blog - is this allowed?

There's a new law from the European Union I simply cannot comply with (GDPR). Its way to complex, not even big companies can comply with it. I also don't know what google does with the data from my ...
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0answers
210 views

What are the implications of the Good Friday Agreement for customs controls?

After the Good Friday Agreement was concluded, customs and security controls between the Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom were removed (From Wikipedia). The Irish border is one of the major ...
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1answer
54 views

Is it legal to provide online therapy outside of your country?

I am based in Pakistan and I want to provide therapy for depression around the world using an app. I want the people around the world to use this app. Is it legal to provide online therapy in ...
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1answer
101 views

Can online business in one country deny access via terms of service to entities in another country?

Can an American company state in their terms of service that if an entity is from a designated country they are not allowed to use the service? In other words would that be a legal and enforceable ...
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2answers
68 views

Description of 3rd party cookies in the privacy policy for GDPR compliance?

In order to comply with GDPR's right to be informed section, some sites try to describe what specific cookies that 3rd parties supply do. Is it OK to just list what cookies these parties set, and ...
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2answers
163 views

Can the terms of service contain a clause that instructs a user to forfeit their rights under the GDPR?

Suppose an American company wishes to do business with European parties. Could their terms of service say that as a user of their services the user forfeits any rights afforded to them by the GDPR ...
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226 views

Handling a GDPR subject access request when using google analytics?

When using Google Analytics and receiving a GDPR subject access request does the party receiving the request also have to send all data collected by Google Analytics?
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1answer
527 views

What's the difference between “GDPR” “Privacy Shield” and “Safe Harbor”?

I'm getting confused on the differences between "GDPR", "Privacy Shield", and "Safe Harbor". Can someone please elaborate? I think Privacy Shield replaces "Safe Harbor" but I still don't understand ...
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62 views

Could an international tribunal or the United Nations suphoena members of the former USA goverment because of 9/11?

In 2010 the sixth President of Iran Mahmoud Ahmadinejad offered 3 points explaining who was responsible for the 9/11 attacks at the United Nations. Video Here In point number 2 he suggests that ...

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