Questions tagged [jurisdiction]

For questions concerning whether a body has the power to make a legal decision on a particular matter.

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To what extent are England and Wales one completely wedded jurisdiction?

Are there any legal provisions that apply only to England or only to Wales but not respectively to the other? Why are they so closely associated with each other as to have just one tag on the site, ...
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1 vote
0 answers
51 views

Could Stossel have sued Facebook (for defamation) in a state other than California?

Interestingly, California seems to a place where it's harder to win a defamation lawsuit because the 9th Circuit has more or less "overridden", or at least issued a more clear test of ...
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2 votes
4 answers
197 views

If a stateless person commits a crime in Bir Tawil (land that belongs to no country), which country will regulate the punishment?

Let's imagine a guy Bob. Bob has no citizenship (stateless). Bob ended up on a land that doesn't belong to any country (Bir Tawil). Bob commited a particular crime (let's say, he murdered another ...
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0 votes
1 answer
46 views

Is it by jurisdiction that every country have to publish statistics of COVID-19 related statistics?

I have found that the Philippines has published the COVID-19 related statistics in accordance with Section 28, Article II of the 1987 Constitution, Section 7, Article III of the same Constitution, ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Why can Dutch police order Binance to freeze funds of Colombian customers?

In short, Dutch police ordered Binance (cryptocurrency exchange) to freeze funds of some Colombian customers, and those customers are supposed to prove - to the satisfaction of Dutch police - that ...
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2 votes
3 answers
81 views

Which country should prosecute cross border criminal (gross) negligence?

This question is inspired by the second crash of the Boeing 737 MAX. I am focusing on the second crash because after the investigation of the first was completed it was clear that there was a danger ...
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2 votes
3 answers
123 views

Do countries (with rule of law) exist where a court ruling can be achieved before an action is taken?

Let's say I want to Create a taxi-like service that avoids requiring medallion Create a hotel-like service that can avoid zoning and insurance laws Create a tax scheme involving moving money in ...
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  • 295
1 vote
1 answer
119 views

If a nation rejects jurisdiction of international law, can it demand other to comply with international law?

In 2020 Putin signed a law that on Russian territory Russian law supersedes international agreements. The actual wording nullifies international agreements that contradict the Constitution of Russian ...
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  • 1,649
2 votes
1 answer
85 views

Can I sue an airline in the small claims court in the UK?

Suppose that a person A booked a flight to the middle east from the UK. The Airline's Covid site advice was that PCR tests had to be done 72 hours prior to the flight. Suppose that A took this advice ...
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1 vote
2 answers
272 views

To what extent is Walt Disney World exempt from the laws of Florida and the United States?

Many years ago, I overheard in casual conversation that Walt Disney World was essentially a country within a country, a privately-owned nation in which the laws of the U.S. don't apply. I've never ...
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3 votes
2 answers
110 views

Are judges in California allowed to award punitive damages totaling an award higher than the jurisdictional limit of a small claims case?

Background Say you are awarded $3,000 in compensatory damages, and the judge feels like treble damages would be appropriate for the specific facts of a case. Questions: Is the judge permitted to act ...
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0 votes
1 answer
79 views

Is code on Github safe against US claims?

I run a smaller non-US company producing hardware-related code. Since the code is hardware related I might patent it (the entire system) outside US at some time. I want to use Github to store my code ...
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1 vote
2 answers
181 views

Panel of Judges in Supreme Court - Odd number?

In Supreme Court, the panel of judges will always be a odd number? 3,5,7,9 so the decision in terms of votes count verdict will always outcome a result and not a tie?
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-1 votes
1 answer
95 views

Can a police officer, under these circumstances, enforce the following arrest warrant out of Jurisdiction?

A warrant is issued for the arrest of Jimmy Jones for crimes committed in Springfield County. Officer Bob is an officer with the Shelbyville Police Department, a city in Simpson County near the ...
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2 votes
1 answer
93 views

Jurisdiction of file a complaint of a party who fraudulantly denies the contract

The complainant started working for a company as a freelancer, there is no duly signed document but the complainant has the confirmation message in Skype conversation. Also he has all the conversation ...
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1 vote
1 answer
65 views

Can a US person sue an entity that is funded by a federal agency in the US?

Hypothetically, if a foreign company raises money through the US Development Finance Corporation, are they liable to lawsuits in the US if there is a breach of contract between the foreign company and ...
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2 answers
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Federal bright-line forbidding shooting a non-threatening fleeing suspect?

Context: Re: Woman shot by school safety officer to be disconnected from life support The school safety officer had responded to an "off-campus" incident, Chris Eftychiou, public ...
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  • 5,346
0 votes
1 answer
87 views

How do I challenge my HOA's decision on my request to modify my property?

I'm in St Louis, Missouri. My house is a part of a HOA. It has bylaws and the bylaws state that alternative dispute resolution may be done through the City of St Louis in accordance with Chapter 435, ...
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1 vote
1 answer
551 views

Filial responsibility laws across US state boundaries

So I just discovered that some states have filial responsibility laws and some do not in the U.S. https://graphics8.nytimes.com/packages/pdf/health/NOA/30states.pdf My question is which states laws ...
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0 votes
3 answers
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What is a good term to unambiguously distinguish the reach of law vs the claim of reach of law?

I wasn't sure if this is better for the site itself or for the meta site. But just in case there is a proper legal term, I figured maybe the question does belong on the site. We have some questions ...
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0 answers
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Are the proof of service requirements the same for reinstated cases as they are for original cases?

For reference, I'm referencing Michigan district court specifically. I know for a new case that is filed, the Proof of Service requires that a Defendant has to sign a summon's notice in order for the ...
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0 votes
0 answers
95 views

Why do some online services and cloud apps market their security and privacy based on legal jurisdiction?

I noticed many privacy focused apps make a point of selecting which country their servers and data is stored in. Why is this and is their reasoning valid? For example this article compares the cloud ...
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0 votes
0 answers
63 views

If cause for injunctive relief becomes moot while case is pending, can it affect jurisdiction?

Suppose there's an interference tort (trespass/conversion) filed in federal court, and there is a jurisdictional requirement that the plaintiff be seeking injunctive relief (both parties are based in ...
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1 vote
1 answer
75 views

By what power are High Courts in India able to direct the Centre?

I keep hearing a High Court has directed the Centre to do something. See example. It's a good thing in my opinion. However, the jurisdiction of a High Court as I understand is within that state for ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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Analyzing the complaint and answer in federal civil case

I'm interested in understanding how lawyers and judges analyze the pleadings provided in the answer to a civil complaint. Therefore, I'll choose an interesting case I'm not involved in and provide a ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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How is a US state court's jurisdiction over a case dismissed without prejudice impacted within the context of a private settlement agreement?

Context: The text in quotes below is an excerpt from a hypothetical Private Settlement agreement between a Defendant (debtor) and Plaintiff (original creditor) in a state district court (United States)...
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2 votes
2 answers
127 views

Can the US Supreme Court's appellate jurisdiction over cases in which it has original jurisdiction be limited?

According to the US Constitution, the US Supreme Court has original jurisdiction in "all Cases affecting Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, and those in which a State shall be Party&...
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2 votes
1 answer
42 views

What state or country can have criminal or civil proceedings?

The hypothetical scenario below occurs in the United States. Suppose I live in State A, but am on vacation to State B. While on vacation, suppose someone living in State C, but currently in State D, ...
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1 vote
1 answer
99 views

Suppose Eviction bans are struck down

Suppose the Supreme Court strikes down both the CDC's eviction ban and all local bans. What happens if local governments ignore the Supreme Court and still refuse to evict? Can individual sheriffs, ...
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2 votes
2 answers
96 views

If the state is involved in a civil matter, can it use its criminal evidentiary powers against the other party?

I will preface this question by say I am a total layperson when it comes to the law so forgive me if I mix up ideas here. This question is based on the recent news that the EU is suing AstraZeneca for ...
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1 vote
1 answer
103 views

Local vs. State vs Sheriff police cruisers

I saw a sheriff's police cruiser having pulled someone over (North Carolina). It got me wondering. What defines the boundaries for each of state, local, and sheriff's jurisdictions? An example that ...
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0 votes
1 answer
28 views

Instituting a suit in another jurisdiction

Can I institute a lawsuit in the US where both parties live, but for a contract of sale of real estate signed in a foreign country by representatives of the parties living in the U.S.?
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1 vote
0 answers
39 views

Can state officials demand I-9s from a company?

I have a state official asking me copies of I-9 forms for my former employees. Does a state official have the legal authority to demand federal documents such as I-9s from businesses in the state?
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  • 5,598
2 votes
1 answer
68 views

Constitutional Law in the absence of service-process

Can a Federal Judge make findings that substantially affects the property interests of third persons who are not and never were before the court {no action commenced against them, and no process) ...
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28 votes
3 answers
5k views

Resume Writer asks: Who owns the copyright - me or my client?

I'm a professional resume writer (among other things). Clients regularly pay me to completely overhaul their resumes. Over the years I've amassed a large collection of well-written resumes. I would ...
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  • 391
2 votes
1 answer
109 views

What law applies in the case of a theft at a Border Patrol checkpoint? Who can make an arrest?

Travelers A and B are waiting in line at a border patrol checkpoint, when traveler B attempts to steal something of traveler A's. Can a Border Patrol officer intervene, or would they have to summon a ...
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1 vote
1 answer
431 views

If a person commits assault in Mexico and not charged in Mexico, can he or she be charged here in the U.S.?

A man assaulted a woman while in Mexico. She did not press charges there and they returned to the U.S. Can she press charges against him in this country for something he did in Mexico?
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18 votes
2 answers
4k views

Does Texas have standing to litigate against other States' election results?

https://abcnews.go.com/Politics/states-blast-texas-bid-overturn-election-seditious-abuse/story?id=74656637 What standing is required (if any) for an entity (person, corporation, state, etc.) to ...
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  • 5,346
0 votes
1 answer
53 views

Circuit court misquotes supreme court: what precedent does district court follow?

In United States v. Bowman (1922), the Supreme Court ruled that the presumption against the extraterritorial application of a statute does not apply to statutes that are "not logically dependent ...
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1 vote
0 answers
29 views

How can an app company determine the validity of legal requests for user data from various countries?

Context Suppose the following example (but I'd be grateful for clarifying comments and exceptions that make the rule): An app named Twombly is made by a company registered in the United Kingdom. Users ...
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1 vote
1 answer
82 views

Jurisdiction Over A Crime Committed In An Airplane Flying Over U.S. States

If a woman assaults another passenger while on a plane flying over the continental United States, which courts have jurisdiction to prosecute a criminal case against her? (This question comes up in ...
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  • 134k
3 votes
2 answers
54 views

Do any countries have effective policies that bolster common convention and the rule of law itself?

In the United States, we have a problem where a certain individual continues to flout long-held common convention, safeguards against autocratization, and even several very old and cherished laws that ...
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1 vote
2 answers
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What is the difference between juridiction and law in a specific region?

The Wikipedia page of jurisdiction does not help me much to comprehend the concept. In my understanding it basically "law in specific region". I understand the concept is much more than that,...
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  • 477
1 vote
1 answer
71 views

Contradicting laws

If one law is valid in one jurisdiction say country A Wich says you must use digital currency on Sundays and another law opposing that law is there in another jurdiction say country B which say you ...
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2 votes
1 answer
44 views

Does city municipal code apply to the towns that are part of it in New York?

I was reading the Towing Municipal Code for the City of Rochester (New York, USA) and was curious if the municipal code applied to my jurisdiction. Specifically I reside in the Town of Henrietta and I'...
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0 votes
1 answer
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Does any legislature purport to legislate for everybody?

Is there any legislator or legislature that has regarded its laws as being of universal application? It is said in Wikipedia that the Emperor Qianlong was like this, and worked on the 'assumption of ...
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4 votes
1 answer
65 views

Do US coastal waters belong to specific states?

Do US coastal waters belong to the state adjacent to those waters? Ditto for the county, the city, and the school district. Here are some examples; assume for each of them that I am moored in Pacific ...
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  • 1,649
2 votes
2 answers
268 views

Can an American sue their own state directly in the federal Supreme Court?

According to Article III, Section 2 of the constitution, The judicial Power shall extend to all Cases, in Law and Equity, arising under this Constitution, the Laws of the United States, and Treaties ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
33 views

Who has the jurisdiction over sushant singh case?

Sushant Singh was found to be dead in Mumbai. But after 1.5 months his dad filed an FIR in Patna now Mumbai police is asking to transfer the FIR in mumbai and let mumbai police investigate this issue. ...
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  • 99
-2 votes
1 answer
90 views

What Relevance Does Litigation Misconduct Have In Custody Cases? Does The PKPA Play A Role?

I'm having trouble understanding how the parental kidnapping prevention act works. There is a case where a lawyer coordinated with a family member to file falsified domestic violence (assault) then 14+...
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