Questions tagged [legislature]

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Is there any comprehensive glossary of US legislative terms?

I'm currently working on a project that applies Natural Language Processing tools on bills and acts of the US state legislatures. I looked for glossaries of common terms in US legislation in order to ...
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distinction between law maker and law interpreter like 'Law maker should not be law interpreter'?

The following could be answered simply by the separation of judicial and legislative branches in places such as the US but here goes: I could swear I once heard this legal maxim/quote/aphorism/idk ...
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How did the USA justify its war against Vietnam by way of International Law?

According to Shaws book on International Law: The Soviet Union made considerable use of legal arguments in its efforts to establish its non-liability to contribute towards the peace-keeping ...
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3 votes
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Can people of California amend laws?

In the US state of California, if someone feels an existing law gives excessive punishments or is unconstitutional, what can they do?
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What is meant by direct Taxes in Article 1 Section 2 in the US Constitution?

I am new when it comes to understanding the US Constitution and I am not comfortable with Section 2, Paragraph 3 of Article 1! [Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the ...
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Does any legislature purport to legislate for everybody?

Is there any legislator or legislature that has regarded its laws as being of universal application? It is said in Wikipedia that the Emperor Qianlong was like this, and worked on the 'assumption of ...
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Are policies automatically void if the politicians who enacted them were serving unlawfully?

Suppose that country X has law Y. A politician introduces bill Z, which is then voted on by the legislature. The legislature approves the bill by a 51 to 50 vote, and it becomes law, replacing and ...
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Is there legislation in Australia (or individual states) that outline the penalties for juror misconduct?

While there have been penalties in the past for jurors posting case info to Facebook, researching case, etc, is there a specific Act/piece of legislation that outlines the consequences for doing so? ...
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Why do laws often have a preamble with references to previous laws?

Why do many decrees, laws and acts start with a preamble with references to previous regulations? For instance, from an EU commission regulation: THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION, Having regard to the Treaty ...
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If Emoluments violations are tied to the governmental institution, do they go away when the violator leaves the government?

My question on Politics.SE around the recent DC Appeals Court dismissal of emoluments charges against the president on procedural grounds brought on a discussion better suited to here: If an ...
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Could U.S. states test a wealth tax?

There has been some debate in the Democratic Party on the subject of a federal wealth tax. I know that there is some debate about the constitutionality of a wealth tax, but for the purpose of this ...
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1 vote
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How does a company, with a multinational presence, establish the correct Jurisdiction to work within?

For the purpose of this question, let's assume an eCommerce company has the following profile: Registration Location: London; Distribution and Manufacturing: London; Domain Name: www.example.co....
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Business legislation regarding selling homemade cosmetics

My business partner and I are looking to start a UK based hair product business which is 100% plant based and made from natural ingredients. Shampoo's, conditioners etc. All products are created from ...
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When does a bill become law?

I am confused by both of these NJ bills: A5217 and A1969 Both are nearly identical, and both indicate "Be it enacted". Are they now the law? They appear to modify existing law. Nevertheless, that ...
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2 votes
2 answers
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What is meaning of omission of a section from any act of legislature

I understand meaning of repealed sections. But, if any section of act has been identified as omitted does this mean that this particular section was not meant to be in the act? If so then why official ...
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What proportion of UK statutory instruments are passed using the negative resolution procedure?

I know that most EU directives are implemented via Statutory Instruments passed via the negative resolution procedure, but is this procedure commonly used for law with a UK origin?
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Washington v Davis in How To Get Away With Murder

In How To Get Away With Murder S04E13, a character says In Washington v. Davis, your predecessors decided that even if a law has a discriminatory effect, it is unconstitutional if that was not its ...
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What makes a 'good' piece of legislation, and what are considered good examples?

The Investigatory Powers Act 2016 is a controversial piece of legislation in the UK at the moment, considered poorly-written and authoritarian by its detractors. The Computer Misuse Act 1990 was ...
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4 votes
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Nomenclature for two UK Parliament Acts in the same year

Short titles for UK Parliament Acts are generally formed with the title itself and the year, e.g. Parliament Act 1911, (or, in Yes, Minister terms) Import, Export and Custom Powers (Defence) Act 1939. ...
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What is the purpose of this "Rule of construction" in a bill (H.R. 720)?

I'm reading the text of bill "H.R. 720: Lawsuit Abuse Reduction Act of 2017" as it was introduced on Jan 30, 2017 at govtrack.us. Sec. 2. (b) reads Rule of construction.-- Nothing in this ...
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Can the executive branch instruct an agency to not enforce a law?

Using the current discussion regarding the Johnson Act as an example (unless there are more relevant examples): Can the Executive branch instruct an administrative agency to not enforce or ignore a ...
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"The 2 for 1 regulations EO": how much is the executive branch allowed to legislate?

This is a very broad question (and one that will change over the next few weeks and months when the administration and congress weigh in), and could be overly subject to opinion. But: is this new ...
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What is the difference between a law and an act?

In context of Indian legislature, I know that when a bill is put to vote in the Union parliament and gets the votes of majority of the members in all the houses, it is sent to the President of India ...
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Can you be arrested the day a law is enacted?

On October 2, 1937 the Marijuana Tax Act was enacted. On this same day, a man named Samuel R. Caldwell was arrested by federal agents for selling Marijuana to Moses Baca, who was also arrested. Is ...
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Is a bylaw valid if there is an error in one of its whereas statements?

We have a bylaw that references another bylaw in one of the whereas statements. It says, "WHEREAS Bylaw 1638 provides authority for..." and it doesn't really matter what bylaw 1638 provides ...
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References to repealed bylaws?

Section 67 of the Municipal Government Act states: References to repealed bylaws A reference in a bylaw, enactment or document to a bylaw that has been repealed by the revised bylaws is, in ...
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Is there a way to get old bylaws off the books?

I'm doing some housekeeping in our bylaws, and we have a number of bylaws that aren't anything more than bylaws to rescind other bylaws. For example, in the municipality I represent we have this ...
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Is direct voting of bills/laws by the people allowed in the consitution(US)?

I'm talking big issues like the recent vote by the British vote to exist EU. I'm talking federal bills/laws, does the US constitution allow these types of vote by the people?
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Fences around the laws; vote swapping

I don't know whether this is on topic because I'm not asking what the laws are but what the laws should be. On the 2nd thought, I can phrase it as a factual question: Is criminalizing suspiciousness ...
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Processes for a law to be passed

In the US, what is the process for passing a new law? What are the stages and what are the regulatory bodies involved? Does it depend on the type of law? Also, once a law is passed, is there any ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Using U.S. hosting service from Europe

I was reading about data transfer implications for those of us who live in EU. Apparently transferring any user's personal info outside of EU is not strictly legal, unless you go through some ...
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What is the area of law for procedures setting out the legislative process called and what theory is there?

Some laws act to explicitly set out what constitutes a law change, what types of legislation are possible and the legislative process that must be followed to enact a law. What is the area of law ...
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How much does the President have to take the Senate's appointment "advice?"

Article II, Section 2, of the US Constitution (emphasis added) states: [The President] by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, shall appoint ambassadors, other public ministers and ...
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Could the Senate abolish the Supreme Court?

As a follow up from this question, suppose the Senate got tired of the "pesky" Court overturning its laws. Or, suppose that additional elections produced Senate majorities of a different party than ...
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What are the effects if a law changes while on trial?

Say you are on trial for crime A. Legislation on crime A is edited/updated/changed in some way during your trial... Does this start the trial over? Do you continue under old or new law? Is the trial ...
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What does/did a Postmaster do?

Reading the list of officers of the 59th Congress, I see someone whose job I can't figure out: Postmaster: J.C. McElroy What did the Postmaster do? Was it his job to oversee the nation's postal ...
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What are the different kinds of rules/procedures that describe what counts-as/constitutes a rule change and what kinds of problems can they cause?

This is a question about legislation, including constitutive rules and administrative law To give some context, I am interested in legal reasoning (as in a logic of law), but I am not a legal-expert. ...
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8 votes
2 answers
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Are US Senate/House rules legally enforcible?

Suppose, for example, that the Senate is considering the passage of a law. A Senator has decided to open a filibuster. After a half hour, the majority leader tires of hearing this Senator speak. He ...
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United States: I can't find XML file of the Affordable Care Act

I'd like an XML file of the Affordable Care Act (aka Obamacare), Public Law 111–148. I found plain text files, but those are not helpful, nor are the PDF files. I really need the XML file. I tried ...
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Relationship between PL (Public Law) and USC (US Code)

I am learning about taxes. In discussing the jurisdiction to tax citizens, my course cites: P.L. 86-272, Section 101(b)(1) When I search for this text, I only find this: 5 U.S. Code § 381 - ...
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How can a municipality discourage and control destructive behavior? [closed]

I live in a town of about 20,000 people, plus a large college student influx in late August, in the state of New York. Not far from my house there is a dam in a creek. Just above the dam, there are ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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How can one go about amending the law?

If one feels that the law is not clear enough, or might have loopholes that should be fixed, how would one go about starting a process to possibly amend it? For example, in Texas, a lot of landlords ...
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