Questions tagged [precedent]

Also known as "stare decisis:" the legal principle that any cases with the same facts should have the same judicial outcome.

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What is the functional effect of overturning precedent?

Background On occasion, the Supreme Court overturns precedents in part or in whole. This means that a previous ruling (or part of a ruling) from the supreme court that once had stare decesis no ...
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Given Shapiro v. Thompson, why are US states allowed to charge higher tuition fees to new residents?

If I'm reading Shapiro v. Thompson correctly, US states are not allowed to require a period of residence before providing welfare benefits to US citizens. But doesn't this mean that charging different ...
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Legal precedent/history for the supposed charges against Julian Assange

It has been reported in the media (e.g. RT, BBC) that the US has requested the extradition of Julian Assange from the UK to stand trial for the charge of conspiracy to intrude into a computer system (...
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Was anyone held liable/accountable in the 2018 Hawaii False Missile Alert?

On January 13, 2018, with belligerent threats and nuclear tensions between the US and North Korea on a knife edge, civil authorities in the US state of Hawaii sent out an alert to all cell phones, ...
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Legal precedent vs. statutory law

Following the Roe v. Wade decision, abortion became legal in all fifty states. However, Congress never had to pass a law or constitutional amendment defending abortion rights. In what types of cases ...
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Does statute take precedence over case law (in the US)?

Hypothetical situation: An US court decides a case for which there is no statute nor previous court decision (precedent) which would provide how the case should be decided (resolved). So the court (...
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Ruling striking down the Affordable Care Act

What does Friday's ruling mean? I thought the Supreme Court already upheld the individual mandate and most aspects of the law.
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Legal precedent paradox

Suppose that five people (A, B, C, D, and E) are being tried for breaking some law. What B did is slightly worse than what A did, what C did is slightly worse than what B did, and so on... Suppose ...
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Is citing precedent official in the US court system?

Precedent from other similar cases is often cited in US court cases because the US follows stare decisis in keeping rulings consistent. However, is this based on how the courts tend to run ...
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Employee Handbook conflicts with State Law, Which Supersedes Which?

Under my State's (Colorado) law, C.R.S. § 8-4-101(14)(a)(III) states, Vacation pay earned in accordance with the terms of any agreement. If an employer provides paid vacation for an employee, the ...
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Have Supreme Court cases with multiple subsequent reaffirming decisions been overturned?

Suppose Supreme Court decision A is subsequently reaffirmed in decisions B and C. Have there ever been situations where the court later overturns A, despite B and C?
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Can a sitting president of the United States be indicted by one of the states?

Some lawyers say a sitting president cannot be indicted, other lawyers disagree. Apart from that, does what they are saying apply to both federal and state indictments? I mean could the president be ...
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Is there any constitutional precedent or laws against bills of “anti"-attainder?

In South Dakota an attorney for adults sexually abused as children by priests and nuns contended that the state legislature passed a statute of limitations (in approximately 2010) preventing lawsuits ...
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How do concepts like intent, discrimination, and bias apply to an Artificial Intelligence agent?

Background I work at a financial institution in the United States and have been researching the regulatory impacts of Artificial Intelligence recently - specifically the simple purpose-specific ...
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After US Supreme Court overturns precedent, are old cases revisited?

Hypothetical scenario: 1950: government uses method A to convict John Doe of crime B, SCOTUS upholds conviction 1990: government uses method A to convict Jake Smith of crime B 2000: government ...
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What is the significance of dissenting opinions in appellate court decisions?

Appellate courts often hear cases en banc and decide them by simple majority of the judges on the bench. The majority will typically sign a single "per curiam" decision, which constitutes the ...
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How could Korematsu be overturned?

The US Supreme Court Case Korematsu (1944) ruled that the internment of American citizens of Japanese ancestry was legal out of concern for national security. This case is now generally regarded as a ...
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Legal remedies if a lower court ignores stare decisis?

Let's say hypothetically that lower courts en masse decide to ignore Supreme Court decisions. What legal alternatives are available to citizens if lower courts "Go rogue" and decides to ignore a ...
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What happens to struck-down laws when the decision(s) that killed them are reversed?

If a law is struck-down as unconstitutional, but all the precedent used to find it unconstitutional gets reversed; what becomes of the law? Is it totally dead, needing be passed anew? Can the ...
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I can't read this cover of a precedent case

Embarrassing, I have a very simple question. I can't interprete this cover of a precedent case because I am an English learner. Please give me your help. In the middle of the image I attached below, ...
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Persuasive authority using other jurisdiction's opinions

I'm an English teacher who teaches legal English to foreign students using the UK legal system for context. I was checking the definition of 'Persuasive authority' using TransLegals' dictionary and ...
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In UK law how binding is judge precedent, and when can it be ignored?

Once a court has set precedent, can it ever be ignored? Is it legally binding, or just very persuasive advice? Are there any examples of a judge ignoring precedent without setting new precedent, or is ...
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Are decided legal cases reviewed when precedent cases are overturned?

When the outcome of a case is largely decided by a precedent case, what happens to the cases citing it?
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Timing of precedent setting: when exactly do precedents take “effect”?

When a high court rules on a matter, when does the precedent take effect? Say a case is in progress in a lower court which asks the same question as what was just decided on the same day in the high ...
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How can a court avoid creating precedent?

There are a number of ways in which a judge may avoid following precedent – overturning or distinguishing a previous ruling, for instance. However, is there any way for a court (particularly a ...
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What is stare decisis?

I know in general that stare decisis effectively means that once a court rules on a law that other courts can use that decision when considering their cases. But why is that the case, how is it ...