Questions tagged [united-kingdom]

For questions specific to the United Kingdom. Note that the UK does not have a common legal system across its jurisdictions - consider using [scotland] or [england-and-wales] or [northern-ireland].

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Understanding legalese in a UK template service agreement

I'm reading a template service agreement prepared by a UK private limited company for an executive role, and I struggle to understand this clause 13.11, which concerns the post-termination ...
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2 votes
1 answer
108 views

Legality of Sign Inviting Someone to Take Property

So, I recently saw a photo of a sticker on somebody's boot saying "come and take it" with a picture of a gun case on it. Clearly, we all know what the intention behind that was (given it was ...
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GP and moving documents UK

In the UK, GP's are supposed to record all letters, communications from an outside source about a patient in their medical records. Suppose a GP records a document as coming, say, one year later than ...
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Legal tender: using commemorative coins to pay off debt

This question is somewhat related to: Paying debts in cash in a petty way The Royal Mint issues commemorative coins. For example, they issued £20 coins (made out of silver) but usually shops and banks ...
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1 vote
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Is the inability to bypass a duty free shopping area in UK airports a violation of the Equality Act?

In many airports in the United Kingdom, passengers are required to walk straight through a duty free shop (as in straight through it, not alongside its entrance) to get to the departure gates after ...
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Would a politically vegan establishment denying entry to one donning pro-carnivore slogans be pursuing proportional means to a legitimate aim?

Would the desire to maintain a vegan "safe space" be enough to deny one who ardently believes in the medical importance of eating animal flesh entry to their establishment?
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What is the difference between the patents register and patents journal in the UK?

Whilst studying for my CIPA foundational exam 'UK Patent Law' I am coming across two terms: 'the patents journal' and 'the patents register'. The patents journal is published by the UK government ...
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9 votes
3 answers
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Is there any criminal implication of falsifying documents demanded by a private party?

I typically imagine fraud as largely a civil affair for which one defrauded party may sue and pursue civil remedies against the fraudulent one. And obviously falsifying official documents typically ...
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What is the appropriate way to initiate a money claim if the defendant will not provide an address?

Say Alice was in an accident with Bob that was 100% Bobs fault. At the scene email addresses and vehicle registration number plates were exchanged, and in later email exchanges the insurance details ...
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If you recieve others PII as part of the response to a GDPR SAR do you become a data controller?

Say Alice makes a GDPR Subject Access Request of a data controller, and in response receives some of Bob's Personally Identifiable Information, does the Alice then become a data controller with ...
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Under what circumstances is it lawful or unlawful for police to disclose one's information to third parties, e.g. complainants?

Is it basically neither prohibited nor required and thus entirely to police discretion as to whether or not to disclose parties' details to either their purported victims, or to other parties like ...
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Manipulating product reviews

I obtained a product from an online vendor. At the time it had a 5-star rating, with three reviews praising what was an entirely different product. The product wasn't very good, and I wrote a review ...
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When a lawyer is paid by an insurance company and representing an individual to whom do they have a duty to act in best interests of?

As I understand it, with regards to civil claims handled through insurance there are two duties involved: An insurance company has a duty to defend their client, in the US this seems to be inherent ...
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Any obligation to disclose one's name and address to private parties for service of civil claims after a street altercation?

Suppose A is walking down the street and B punches A in the nose, thus committing assault. Legally, A is entitled to claim civil damages against B, and can practically do so if they know A's name and ...
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Is it illegal to declare to officials if asked that one has no fixed abode if one pays rent at an address but is often not there?

Suppose one has an active lease and pays rent for an accommodation but often travels and stays in hostels or with friends, and they are arrested and asked for an address. If one declares that one has ...
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wording in a legal document made in an Employment Tribunal in the UK

In a legal document, pertaining to an Employment Tribunal held in the UK, what does the following statement mean: "Save as expressly admitted or denied above, no admissions are made as to any ...
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In civil claims is there any requirment for the claimant to prove ownership of assets in question?

As title, in a civil claim is there any general requirement for the claimant to positively demonstrate ownership over the assets in question? Or any specific rules that apply to car claims after an ...
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alleging defamation in a UK court

The term ‘defamation’ describes an untrue statement that’s been presented as fact and causes harm to the character of the person it describes. If someone’s reputation is damaged because of a false ...
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1 vote
2 answers
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Is it legal in Spain/Europe to retain an employee until a replacement is found?

When an employee sends his resignation letter, is it legal to retain that employee indefinitely until a replacement is found? Is it legal to claim damages if he leaves? This is for Spanish law and ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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Is it legal to copy the KJV?

If I understand correctly, the King James Version of the Bible is copyrighted in the UK but nowhere else. I live in the US. If I upload a copy of it to my Web site (which is hosted in the US), is that ...
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2 votes
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If one stays in an AirBnB for which subletting is not allowed, is it your problem?

This question is based on this consumer affairs problem on the Guardian site, but the details are not explicit so I shall present a hypothetical: Alice owns a house Bob lets the house from Alice, ...
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Is the homes for Ukraine scheme in breach of the human rights act?

I can't really name it off the top of my head, but I want to say that there is an article of the HRA which prevents government policies and legislation itself from discriminating classes of people ...
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Under GDPR, do organisations have to tell the ICO (or similar) the email address they use for GDPR deletion requests?

As is well known, websites (illegally) use deliberately misleading and frustrating web design to slow down users who want to tell them not to collect information for marketing purposes. If they ...
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2 votes
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When UK Act of Parliament refers to the Secretary of State, which exactly is meant by that?

Acts of the UK Parliament often give "the Secretary of State" the power to make regulations, orders or other type of secondary legislation. For example, section 22(3) of the Human Rights Act ...
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Quit before serving minimum period of employment

James is hired by employer X in United Kingdom on Skilled Worker Visa. The employer contract says "minimum period of employment" as 2 years. James has served 1 year on that contract with the ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Is it newly illegal to say thank you while driving?

In the UK there have been some recent changes to traffic law. It is being reported that this means a change in the law such saying thank you on the road has become illegal. In the same article it is ...
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1 answer
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Why can't news organizations release the name of an accused person in Britain?

I noticed several news articles reporting that an unnamed sports star has been arrested for a serious crime. All the articles mention that the accused could not be named "for legal reasons". ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Legally required information and unmonitored email addresses

When one is required to inform a company of something, and some email is sent to a mailbox that is not monitored, has the company been informed? For example, say someone had a car insurance policy ...
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What is the current law with regards slaughter of Cephalopod Molluscs and Decapod Crustaceans in the UK?

Last year it was in the news that the LSE had determined that Cephalopod Molluscs (including octopods, squid and cuttlefish) and Decapod Crustaceans (including crabs, lobsters and crayfish) should be ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Compensation over postponed and not cancelled flight

My flight got delayed twice and when we got onboard we have been told that it got postponed for the next day. That is total 18 hours. We have not gotten any confirmation email, there was no ...
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1 answer
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How do courts value cars in civil claims?

If a car accident claim was heard in a court via the Money Claims service, and the value of the car was lower than the cost of repair, how would the court determine a suitable level for the ...
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Mandating belief in an unsupported empirical claim under UK employment law

Is the following scenario proscribed by UK law: An employer mandates that all employees complete an online learning activity. This includes an educational document followed by a multiple choice quiz ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
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Consistency and coherence across statutes - Are the allowances of s29J completely negated by the offence of religiously aggravated harassment?

Crime and disorder act 1988 s32 introduces religiously aggravated harassment which effectively extends S2 and S4 of protection from harassment act. This seems to completely nullify the protections of ...
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1 vote
3 answers
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What is a section 29J defence to stirring religious hatred?

For religious hated but not racial hatred there is a section 29J defence contained in the public order act 1986 as amended. What is this about and when does it apply? https://www.legislation.gov.uk/...
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2 answers
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What are the differences between the respective legal standings of anti Semitic and anti Jewish expressions?

I have heard people be accused in the past of "promoting/spreading religious hatred" before, as though these are legal terms. Are these phrases legally defined? Onto the titular part of the ...
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1 vote
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Statutory basis of Border agents' obligation to make "reasonable accommodations" for vulnerable individuals?

In a brief but curtailed discussion with an immigration solicitor at a recent charity event, they began explaining that adults who were vulnerable due to mental illness, clearly palpable ...
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Is it possible to receive VAT refunds for products bought within last 6 months before leaving UK from stores not specifically enrolled in scheme?

Edit: as pointed out by xngtng, this is no longer in operation and was scrapped a couple of years ago. Suppose one buys something from a shop that doesn't specifically partake in the vat refund scheme....
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UK - Tenancy less than 6 months, can I arrange new tenancy before he leaves?

I have read that Assured Shorthold Tenancies of less than 6 months are allowed, but you are not allowed to evict a tenant before 6 months. I have a tenant who has agreed to stay for 3 months (until ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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UK law: party to conspiracy to pervert justice?

Suppose that some firm has two managers of equal status and one manager perverts the course of justice by supplying false information to a solicitor. If the second manager becomes aware of this, but ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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UK: perverting the course of justice and employment tribunals

Suppose a person in the UK takes his/her employer to an Employment Tribunal. Some time after, the person finds that the employer fabricated evidence that was important to the outcome of the case. Can ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Who to make out of court settlement offer to in case of not at fault car accident?

Suppose Alice was involved in a car accident, the other party admitted full responsibility and the facts supported such an interpretation. She would like to claim the value of the car from the other ...
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3 votes
1 answer
80 views

In the UK, where and how are "tenants in common" details officially recorded?

When purchasing a property, we instructed the solicitor to set it up as tenants in common, with unequal shares in the beneficial interest. A few years later, I am struggling to find anything in ...
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14 votes
3 answers
3k views

To what extent are England and Wales one completely wedded jurisdiction?

Are there any legal provisions that apply only to England or only to Wales but not respectively to the other? Why are they so closely associated with each other as to have just one tag on the site, ...
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Is knowledge of someone owning a firearm enough for police action/prosecution?

Bob and Eve are work colleagues. Eve owns an unlicensed firearm, which could be illegal, be that a pistol, rifle or a shotgun. Eve mentions that she owns such a weapon to Bob. Bob is concerned for his ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Can the client of a Managed Service Company effectively make an MSC worker redundant for being off sick by terminating their specific role?

A worker in the UK is employed by a managed service company. They are going to lose their job because the MSC's client plans to remove that specific worker's role from the contract between the MSC and ...
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2 votes
1 answer
37 views

How are REGOS being used by energy companies without purchasing the renewable energy they relate to in the UK?

The ‘Renewable Energy Guarantee of Origin’ (REGO) scheme is designed to “provide transparency to consumers about the proportion of electricity that suppliers source from renewable generation" (...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Right to a refund on accessories when the main purchase is found to be not as advertised

I recently bought an amplifier for my hifi system from a local retailer in the UK. The amplifier was found to be not as specified and after some quibbling the store manager agreed a refund. However, ...
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2 votes
1 answer
89 views

What would be the legal repercussions of a UK government employee coming out as homosexual in the 1970s?

This question is inspired by an incident in Tinker, Tailor, Soldier, Spy (the Hollywood film version starring Gary Oldman, not the novel or the BBC miniseries with Alec Guinness). One of the British ...
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1 answer
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Are foreign traders subject to UK consumer law if they advertise services to UK residents?

I am in several WhatsApp groups for offer holders for UK universities. There is an essay writing group which repeatedly sends messages advertising their services despite the messages being clearly ...
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1 vote
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Is it illegal to sell 'sex novelty sweets' in the UK?

With regards to the current investigation into American Candy stores in Westminster, UK for tax avoidance, other alleged offences are also apparently being investigated: 450 vapes which exceeded ...
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