Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 175 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [united-kingdom]

For questions specific to the United Kingdom. Note that the UK does not have a common legal system across its jurisdictions - consider using [scotland] or [england-and-wales] or [northern-ireland].

56
votes
13answers
16k views

Can a law protect itself?

Can a law protect itself? For example, could it be written in to a law that, under no circumstances, it should be amended or abolished (a) for a fixed duration or (b) indefinitely? I am most ...
38
votes
3answers
9k views

Is it breach of contract if dismissed before starting work?

I've been dismissed by a company I was due to start a job with, just a few days before the job was meant to start. They have no intention of providing me with any compensation despite the fact I ...
31
votes
3answers
13k views

Can women also go shirtless in public legally?

Do women have the same rights as men to walk on the beach or sidewalk topless where men are also walking bare-chested without being discriminated against? If a woman is arrested or asked to leave by ...
24
votes
3answers
10k views

Why doesn't everyone in UK just pay with exempted gifts?

From what I've grasped from the gov.uk website, you can gift as much as you like to anyone without paying any tax, as long as you don't die in the next 7 years. So why doesn't everyone just gift ...
23
votes
5answers
4k views

Is there a legal risk in giving emergency first aid?

There is a commonly held belief that an unqualified member of the public takes a legal risk in giving emergency first aid in case the patient dies or is injured as a result. This theory invariably ...
23
votes
1answer
3k views

Under what circumstances am I obliged to show ID to a police officer?

In the UK, if a police constable stops you on the street and asks for your ID, when are you required by law to give it to them? Must there be reasonable suspicion of a crime? What about if you're ...
21
votes
5answers
6k views

What might be illegal about a company using deceptive phone calls to establish a contract and seeking payments under it?

I have recently been encountering an organisation whose mode of operation is to dupe members of venue staff into "agreeing" to have their venue advertised "online". Subsequently a bill arrives for ...
18
votes
2answers
4k views

Is there a law in the UK that makes possession of specific publications illegal?

I just read the following in an article in The Guardian (emphasis mine): In prison they met their co-defendant Rahman, 32, one of nine men prosecuted in connection with a plan to attack the London ...
16
votes
2answers
6k views

Can I sue Volkswagen for damage to my health?

Hypothetically, what legal standing would an individual who does not own a Volkswagen car have to sue Volkswagen for damage to health? As someone who suffers from respiratory issues, it seems that ...
16
votes
3answers
1k views

Has a common law defence ever held water?

The UK is a common law country. It is a widely held belief of many people that statute Acts of parliament (i.e. most 'laws') only apply with the "consent of the governed"; and that one may be a "free ...
14
votes
3answers
7k views

Is virtual child pornography illegal?

If a company made a child pornography anime (so not using real children, just drawings), would it be illegal?
14
votes
1answer
1k views

Can a spyware or a virus act legally with EULA?

Lets think there is a virus that acts like a software. Its acting like a regular software. It's installation is visible to user and again like a regular software, it asks user to accept its End-user ...
14
votes
3answers
886 views

How can a court avoid creating precedent?

There are a number of ways in which a judge may avoid following precedent – overturning or distinguishing a previous ruling, for instance. However, is there any way for a court (particularly a ...
13
votes
3answers
338 views

Are Drone Intrusion Prevention Systems (Drone IPS) systems illegal?

A drone intrusion prevention product being advertised at RSA Conference this year has piqued my interest, and I'm trying to determine whether it and other drone IPS systems are illegal. For ...
13
votes
2answers
986 views

What stops you from invoking §19.6 if a police officer attempts to seize your mobile phone?

Section 19 of PACE (the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984) states: (3) The constable may seize anything which is on the premises if he has reasonable grounds for believing— (a) that it ...
13
votes
2answers
83k views

UK: Is it legal to secretly audio record a meeting or a phone call? Is it possible to use such recording in court?

In the United Kingdom: Is it legal to secretly audio record a meeting (in an office) or a phone call while being a participant? Is it possible to use such recording as an evidence in court or ...
11
votes
2answers
562 views

Is it legal to be detained by a private rail or bus company for not having a valid ticket?

My question relates specifically to the UK. Is it legal for a private company, say a train or bus company, to detain you if they determine that you don't have a valid ticket? Furthermore, if it is ...
11
votes
1answer
2k views

Are Captcha solver farms illegal?

Let say that captcha is a picture that prevents automated programs to do a certain task. Now imagine that we have a service in which some people works to solve some captchas. These captchas are sent ...
10
votes
6answers
4k views

Do I lose my rights as a British citizen when I travel to an other country for tourism?

A friend of mine got detained at the airport in Jordan because his name matches a name of someone who has issues with the Jordanian authorities. My friend is British and he only was passing through ...
10
votes
2answers
5k views

Why is PayPal blocking my account according to U.S. tax law, if I've a UK account only?

I've opened PayPal account for my business and in My Profile I've clearly selected the UK address. My phone is UK, my bank accounts are UK and the balance is shown in GBP. So this is very clear to ...
10
votes
2answers
725 views

Failing to mention when questioned something you later rely on in court

If you are arrested in the UK, you'll hear that your rights include a rider inserted by the 1994 Criminal Justice and Public Order Act, after "you do not have to say anything": But, it may harm ...
10
votes
1answer
2k views

Is it illegal to listen to Air Traffic Control transmissions in the UK?

According to Is it illegal for Joe Public to listen to ATC in the UK? over on Aviation.SE, although aviation transmissions are broadcast publicly, in the clear, unencrypted; it is illegal to listen to ...
10
votes
2answers
259 views

Transferring public domain material into a country where it is still in copyright

I've noticed that, in Australia, books created by authors who've died before 1955 are in the public domain. For example, all of George Orwell's works are available from the University of Adelaide: ...
9
votes
2answers
11k views

“Not for individual resale” - really?

In at least the US and UK lots of items that are sold in multipacks come with a notice on them that often reads: Not for individual resale That always strikes me as slightly odd - it looks like it'...
9
votes
3answers
874 views

Is there one body of common law?

I'm a bit confused by the usage of the phrase "common law" on this site. The Wikipedia article initially describes it as an abstract concept. The first paragraph reads: Common law (also known as ...
9
votes
3answers
2k views

Is income tax due when the work is done, or when it is paid?

For example, I do some work for my employer in the 2016-2017 tax year, but they take a while to pay me and I only actually get paid in the 2017-2018 tax year. In which tax year should that income be ...
9
votes
1answer
144 views

What would be the consequence of unpaid debt to a French company to a British person?

I live in the Scotland. Leaving out the details, I (allegedly) owe some money to a French company under a contract in French law. If I did not pay this money and was taken to court in France and lost, ...
9
votes
1answer
816 views

What liabilities do the police/CPS have if you are found innocent?

Being accused of a crime you did not commit is an expensive problem. The police may kick your door in and ransack your house looking for evidence. They may deprive you of your property (phones, ...
9
votes
1answer
127 views

Fair use of text snippets in a dictionary

If a dictionary (about the use of scientific terminology) includes snippets from several sources, would an authorization be needed from each copyright holder? Each entry in the dictionary would ...
8
votes
2answers
592 views

Is everything between me and my lawyer confidential?

From the law point of view can I tell my lawyer EVERYTHING knowing that he is NOT allowed to disclose anything I tell him including crimes I did in the past or crimes I am planning to commit in the ...
8
votes
3answers
8k views

Can my manager make me do unpaid training like this?

Context: I work at a restaurant in the UK. I am new and haven't yet completed the online training Program's I have been asked to complete. It's pretty much a zero hour contract (I think it's 12 hours) ...
8
votes
2answers
109 views

Who owns an un-documented cellar/bunker? (UK Law)

A relative of mine purchased a house about 35 years ago. After a few years he discovered a bricked-up doorway leading to what was probably started as a WW2 bunker. It was abandoned and empty, and ...
8
votes
1answer
201 views

If I’ve no WhatsApp account am I still a node on their social graph? And if so can I request to be deleted?

I have never used WhatsApp so I have never shared my phone’s contacts with them or consented to their terms. Many of my friends and family do use WhatsApp and they will all have me in thier contacts ...
8
votes
2answers
351 views

Hiding goods within a store

In the UK there is a grassroots campaign in which participants hide newspaper publications they consider to be of a dubious moral or political standing with the intent of making it more difficult for ...
8
votes
1answer
392 views

In the UK can a job search be limited to women only

As a spin off from this question on Academia.SE, under the Equality Act of 2010 can a UK employer limit a job to only women? That question has additional aspects that are not relevant to my question. ...
8
votes
1answer
234 views

Can teens travel alone in the EU?

I am a Slovak EU citizen. A bunch of my friends and I are planning to go on a trip to the UK for 2 months when we are 15. Our parents are fine with it, but are concerned about whether or not this is ...
7
votes
1answer
588 views

Who decides who can enter a jointly owned property?

My partner and I are going through an acrimonious separation. I was forced out of our jointly owned house but am about to return until such time as we can sell it. He wanted to buy me out but has been ...
7
votes
3answers
325 views

What if I did something that was a crime, but has now become legal?

There was a question recently about what happens if I do something that is legal today but becomes illegal in the future. The obvious question is what happens in the opposite case? If I do something ...
7
votes
1answer
117 views

Deducing and using an email address under GDPR

I was recently contacted on a work email address by a recruiter, working from a private recruitment agency. I have had no prior contact with this recruiter or agency before this. The work email ...
7
votes
3answers
6k views

What are the laws regarding eviction of adult children from residence in the UK?

What is the process in the UK for parents to evict an adult child that is living at home with them if he refuses to leave willingly?
7
votes
2answers
269 views

Can a company handle paying taxes and other bureaucracy work for a freelancer

Pardon my terminology. I'm very much not a lawyer, but I used to watch Ally McBeal as a kid, so I think I got the hang of this. This is actually a subset of a vastly larger problem, so the ...
7
votes
2answers
6k views

What legal protections exist against doxxing in the UK

Doxxing is the unfortunately growing phenomenon of having your personal data posted on public web sites, or even in commercial media (newspapers, TV/radio etc.) What, if any, laws does this break in ...
7
votes
2answers
728 views

Legality of using data obtained by hacking to make a blog post

As a data scientist, based in the UK, I am thinking about downloading the recently leaked Ashley Madison data, producing some interesting statistics (none of them incriminating), and using them to ...
7
votes
1answer
120 views

Power of attorney (UK) for parent in delirious state

My mother is in her mid-70s, lives in the UK and is in intensive care at an NHS hospital. She may or may not survive her battle with sepsis that is leaving her confused and delirious most days. There ...
7
votes
1answer
457 views

Law in fiction: acquittal of Moriarty in *Sherlock* TV series

[clarification: I'm posting this question here because it is arguably a better forum than scifi.SE] In "The Reichenbach Fall" (Sherlock season 2, episode 3), Jim Moriarty breaks into the Jewel House ...
7
votes
1answer
3k views

Is there a (preferably free) way to search small claims court records in the UK?

I want to check up on a second hand car dealer in the UK to see if they've had any small claims court cases against them (and preferably the result of these cases). Is there any publicly available ...
7
votes
1answer
122 views

When was judicial attire first specified in England (or the United Kingdom)?

To many (if not most) of those not involved in legal matters, court dress may seem a bit absurd. Wigs, especially seem out of place in modern society. It is obvious that the judicial costume must date ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

Is the British Queen not allowed to sit on a foreign throne?

I read on http://www.radiotimes.com/news/2015-03-30/heres-why-queen-elizabeth-ii-didnt-sit-on-the-iron-throne : “Apparently the Queen of England [sic] is not allowed to sit on a foreign throne,” ...
6
votes
1answer
112 views

Dispute unpaid debt of a deceased family member

My elderly relative died in December 2018. Her gardener has now (January 2019) sent us an itemised invoice. The items begin in March 2018 and end in November (my relative last left the house in ...
6
votes
1answer
198 views

my landlord won't let me in on the day my tenancy begins, is this legal?

My tenancy begins on July 1st, however as this is a Sunday my letting agent will not give me the keys on this day. I really need to move my stuff in on July 1st, can I claim that not allowing me to ...