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Questions tagged [united-states]

For questions specific to the United States as a whole, or that span multiple state jurisdictions. If your question is related to a specific state then you should use that state's tag instead (or as well).

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6
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1answer
182 views

(US) Under what circumstances can a person be forced to enter a facility for having a mental illness?

Though this question would be great to know for various legal systems, I'm tagging this with united-states since it will likely be complicated enough with just a single country being considered. When ...
9
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2answers
122k views

To what extent is suicide legal in the U.S. and in individual states?

At one point, legal scholars referred to suicide as a form of self-murder (for example, see Coke or Hale). Are those who take their own lives guilty of some crime, or have some forms of the act been ...
3
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2answers
10k views

Can you take an employer to court for false promise?

When I was interviewing for a contractor job, the hiring manager indicated many times that they would convert my position to full time job within one year. (I resigned from my full time job to take ...
4
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2answers
1k views

Since when is CAN bus mandatory for new vehicles?

The CAN bus Wikipedia page states that: CAN bus is one of five protocols used in the on-board diagnostics (OBD)-II vehicle diagnostics standard. The OBD-II standard has been mandatory for all ...
10
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2answers
2k views

Is homeowner liable for police injury during raid

Hypothetically speaking, let's say that a person is very paranoid about intruders, government, end of the world, so on. They decided to buy some land and have a fence around the property with clear ...
58
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5answers
42k views

Is it illegal to run away from a police officer in a way that provokes them, in the US?

So I know this is very silly and obviously hypothetical, but I've wondered about it for a while. Let's say you aren't doing anything (else) illegal, you don't have anything illegal on you, and you ...
2
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2answers
102 views

Something Less than an Injunction

Injunctions (judicial orders that prevent a party from beginning or continuing an action that infringes on the rights of another) in the U.S. are typically either permanent or preliminary--the ...
4
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0answers
354 views

I am looking for a Minnesota law similar to a California law about vehicles, trailers, and overhang

I don't know that you will be able to find the Minnesota statute or regulation on point. If you can, I will be grateful for sure but my search led me to a more general question. MN has a ...
5
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2answers
541 views

What regulations govern suspension of students?

Where students are violent, suspensions may be justified, in order to ensure the safety of other students. However, for non-violent behaviour, what regulations are in place with regards to suspension,...
8
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3answers
3k views

Is “If it's not forbidden, it's permitted” codified somewhere?

"If something is not forbidden by law, then it is allowed" is a principle that is usually taken for granted in everyday life. For example, there is no law explicitly permitting me to wear a top hat, ...
7
votes
1answer
309 views

Forcing a government official to do their job

In the wake of the United States Supreme Court legalizing same-sex marriage, a number of county clerks and other officials have announced their intent to refuse to issue licenses for such marriages. ...
2
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1answer
229 views

What constitutes legal malpractice? What are the remedies?

A friend of mine was doing business with Company A, and asked a lawyer to draft a contract saying that if Company A failed to perform, my friend would be able to take possession of Asset X (the ...
4
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3answers
2k views

Why do I have to sign a Corrective Warranty Deed for land I had no claim to?

I've found it get hard to get clear information on this subject, but here's the best I can come up with: My wife's maternal grandmother inherited land from her husband. Some of that land was sold to ...
4
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2answers
289 views

Is it legal to search for commerce sites listing items at erroneously low prices and exploiting such errors?

Occasionally a website will post incorrect prices for items they are selling. (Maybe it was caused by a typo during their data entry process, or the result of a bug in their code.) Once they realize ...
1
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0answers
23 views

Do by-laws and/or articles of incorporation of a non-stock corporation need to be filed every year?

I'm part of a group that is trying to organize as a non-profit in Virginia, and we are trying to figure out when the articles of incorporation and/or by-laws need to be filed (original/updated) with ...
3
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2answers
1k views

Can I use my browser to change the prices of things I buy online?

I can use Chrome's inspector tools to modify my local copy of the html on websites I visit. After changing the prices on a page in this way, for some websites I believe I can actually proceed through ...
2
votes
1answer
52 views

How many days in advance should a subtenant notify the sublessor that he will leave earlier than expected?

Alice is subletting an apartment to Bob. The contract stipulates that Bob is subletting the apartment till August 15. Can Bob leave earlier, i.e. decide to end the sublet earlier than what the ...
3
votes
2answers
181 views

When are errors of process “fatal?”

Under what circumstances (if any) can an error of process doom a plaintiff's claim? Process errors can include things like failure to serve notice or motions in a timely or correct fashion, or ...
2
votes
2answers
133 views

Can I be contractually bound by terms accompanying an unsolicited document?

This is just a contract question, and I am not concerned with the intellectual property implications at this point. I'm in the US. The scenario: Suppose I was given an unsolicited document, so at no ...
3
votes
2answers
407 views

Why is it important that “service of process” not be performed by parties to a case?

This page from the California Courts is emphatic that "it is very important that you, if you are the plaintiff/petitioner or defendant/respondent, do NOT serve your own papers." Why is it important ...
2
votes
2answers
237 views

Do digital works need to be sent to the copyright office?

In the US, if I release a video game (or other digital work) online do I need to send a physical copy to the Copyright Office?
18
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6answers
7k views

If my speedometer breaks without my knowledge, would I be responsible if I broke the speed limit by a small amount?

Let's say that I drive down an interstate highway at a speed of 68 miles per hour, where the speed limit is 65. I think that I am going 63 miles per hour because my speedometer is off by five miles ...
6
votes
2answers
377 views

Where can I find a comprehensive document of computer laws?

I am interested in computers and want to pursue this interest further by getting my education in programming and security. I've only just started so I'm scared that I might break some law that was not ...
19
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7answers
978 views

What should I look for when seeking a lawyer?

The standard legal disclaimer is that someone should ask a lawyer if they really need legal advice. So how do you find the right lawyer? How can you judge how "good" a lawyer is? How can you find ...
1
vote
1answer
79 views

Can I protect myself against misused funds if i invest in a self employed person's project?

If I invest a sum of money to a self employed individual for their project can I sue them for the return of the investment if they meet the following general points: can't or won't show me what they'...
5
votes
1answer
211 views

What is a Transition Bond Company?

I've come across the term Transition Bond Company, and I'm trying to figure out what it is – in relatively plain English, since I lack any legal background whatsoever. The context in which I've ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

What is a good formulation for a minor share agreement of USA company (Inc.), before the company shares/options are issued?

The company "Foo Inc" is registered in the U.S. It has not issued any shares or stock options yet. A company CEO (Alice) needs to make a signed agreement with a third party (Carol) that Carol ...
4
votes
2answers
815 views

What is the advantage of setting up separate IP holding companies?

I find that many companies set up separate companies to hold intellectual property. Examples follow: Dunkin' Brands Group, the company which operates the Dunkin' Donuts and Baskin-Robbins chains, has ...
4
votes
2answers
7k views

Is CS:GO Jackpot legal?

I recently stumbled upon a website where people gamble for Counter Strike: Global Offensive skins called CS:GO Jackpot. And to my surprise, it is extremely popular. Is it legal for those running CS:...
6
votes
1answer
334 views

How would Dr. Richard Kimble go about getting himself declared innocent at the end of The Fugitive?

So I just finished watching The Fugitive. At the end of the film and takes him into custody. However, at that moment, in the eyes of the law, Kimble is guilty of murdering his wife. How would Dr. ...
3
votes
3answers
525 views

Can the Developer of a Program be penalized if it is used illegally?

If a developer writes a program, for example a password cracker or a code decipher, and it is used illegally, will the developer or the user get punished? A password cracker could be used, for example,...
1
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2answers
134 views

What is the penalty for illegitimate quoting?

I recently saw this Tweet and it made me wonder, in general, can a person be penalized for attributing a false quote to another person? If so, what would that penalty be? If it’s a law, is it a state ...
9
votes
4answers
2k views

Setting up two corporations to split profits and reduce tax brackets

Let's say I am receiving income in a corp from multiple entities for consulting services and most of the money I make I keep in my company to potentially pay out dividends in future years. Would it ...
5
votes
1answer
4k views

Is there a recourse against UPS for not delivering packages on time?

I have a "new" address and ZIP code that appears to confuse UPS and consistently causes them to delay delivery of packages to me. I've tried filing complaints with UPS itself, but to no avail: I ...
6
votes
1answer
567 views

How can a US Citizen lose citizenship?

I recall reading that it is very difficult to lose U.S. citizenship. For example, that you can pledge alliance to another country and still remain a U.S. citizen. Is this true? If this is the case, ...
5
votes
1answer
508 views

Why are judges allowed to read news and media opinions?

I find it interesting that apparently judges are allowed to read news and opinions about the litigation in front of them, whereas juries would not be. Why is there such a distinction, and are there ...
6
votes
1answer
447 views

When is it okay as a retail store owner to refuse service to a customer?

I was reading about the bakery that has been fined for refusing to provide a cake for a lesbian couple: http://jezebel.com/bakery-that-refused-to-bake-cake-for-lesbian-couple-mus-1715747809 ... and ...
5
votes
4answers
1k views

Who regulates wireless radio communication in North America and Europe?

Wireless technologies, such as Wi-Fi, cellular 4G networks and satellite communication are all radio-based under the hood. Meaning that they all send and receive radio signals, inside of regulated ...
8
votes
1answer
95 views

Is the description of number of rooms prescriptive or descriptive in Massachusetts condo docs?

We live in a three-unit condo, with three trustees (one per unit) who act by majority vote. We're interested in adding a second bathroom to ours — by converting an existing small room rather than ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

Legal term for negotiator

For some reason I've been looking for an official term for a person or company (agent?) acting on behalf of other organization (principal?). Example is company A wants to construct a factory in ...
7
votes
1answer
318 views

What are possible motives for avoiding insurance in an auto accident?

My parked car was involved in a hit and run accident outside of my house. Luckily, one of my neighbors saw the incident happen and the other driver ended up getting caught and cited by the police for ...
5
votes
1answer
40 views

Log Viewing Specific Patient PHI?

Under the HIPAA and HITECH Regulations (US) is it required for a system to record an audit trail for every time a user accesses any PHI(Protected Health Information)? As I understand it, an audit ...
4
votes
0answers
68 views

What licenses and registrations are required to start a home business repackaging food in NY?

I'd like to start a home business repackaging food in New York State in the US. For example, let's say I'm buying 10kg bags of rice from the supermarket and I want to put them into jars each ...
5
votes
1answer
570 views

Are there any laws the require subscription services to be prorated?

I'm reading the terms of use for Gogo Inflight, and in the part about refunds it says they aren't going to prorate your service if you cancel, then it says, "subject to applicable laws." Are there ...
2
votes
2answers
185 views

Can I be sued for posting a night picture of the Eiffel Tower under CC-BY-SA?

I am an American tourist visiting France, and take a picture of the Eiffel Tower at night, the tower being the main and central subject of the picture. Going back to the US, I upload this picture to ...
13
votes
2answers
2k views

What does the long underscore in United States case citations stand for?

United States court cases are commonly cited like this: Obergefell v. Hodges, 576 U.S. ___ (2015) So... what is "___" here?
19
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3answers
7k views

Can one be liable for poisoning food one expects to be stolen?

A friend of mine posted about how someone keeps stealing her food at work, and I recommended she lace it with some insanely hot hot sauce. Someone else commented that she could be liable for ...
4
votes
1answer
524 views

Why was the due process clause added to the 14th Amendment?

The 5th Amendment and the 14th Amendment both have due process clauses. The texts are almost identical: The Fifth Amendment: [N]or shall any person . . . be deprived of life, liberty, or property, ...
4
votes
2answers
742 views

Can a debt collection agency tell a half truth about who they are?

I am in Washington state. Recently, I've been receiving calls from Conserve, a company that provides private and confidential services to private and public companies (as stated by the agent on the ...
3
votes
2answers
531 views

Can US courts be made to define whether a given search is reasonable (i.e. constitutional)?

In 2014, regarding the forced disclosure of the encryption keys of his email service provider company Lavabit, Ladar Levison wrote: The largest technological question we raised in our appeal (which ...