Questions tagged [us-constitution]

The United States Constitution is the primary legal document for the United States of America.

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How would originalists vs living-constitutionalists assess the constitutionality of electing a female President of the United States?

This question regards the USA and its federal constitution. Article II, Section I of the US Federal Constitution says that: The executive Power shall be vested in a President of the United States of ...
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129 views

What would prevent a US judge to condemn someone to slavery according to 13th amendment?

Let us assume that a particularly pervert judge (or a subversive one seeking to make a public case) condemns a convicted criminal to slavery, according to the 13th amendment that seems to allow for ...
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Does torture violate the US Federal Constitution, and if so under which theory?

We all know about the tortures that took place at Abu Ghraib prison. However, Justice Scalia explains to us that torture does not offend the US Federal Constitution. As Justice Scalia explained to us, ...
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Is there an implied consent to a frisk in a stop in the US?

This question regards US law, and the Fourth Amendment to the US Federal Constitution. Suppose I am walking on the sidewalk, when a police officer stops me. He then says the following: "I will ...
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Has the fugitive slave clause of the US constitution been used since passage of the 13th Amendment?

The Wikipedia article on the 'Fugitive Slave Clause' of the US constitution (Art. IV § 2(3)) says (emphasis added): The passage of the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, which ...
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Is the United States federal income tax an indirect tax under the 5th amendment?

I'm no American citizen, so I don't know that much about all the ins and outs of the Constitution. I've been watching a movie where one of the characters called the federal income tax "...
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Can Congress restrict which individuals are eligible to serve as federal judges?

Federal judges in the United States are appointed by the president with the advice and consent of the Senate. The constitution does not impose any restrictions on who may be appointed and confirmed as ...
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Michael Jackson trial and the constitutionality of gag orders

In this page, Wikipedia says that in the Michael Jackson 2005 trial (People v. Jackson) the judge: put a gag order on both sides Erwin Chemerinsky says (link, at the time of 1:53:37) that gag orders ...
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Clarification on Amendment XIV

Amendment XIV says: But when the right to vote at any election for the choice of electors for President and Vice President of the United States, Representatives in Congress, the Executive and ...
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What is meant by direct Taxes in Article 1 Section 2 in the US Constitution?

I am new when it comes to understanding the US Constitution and I am not comfortable with Section 2, Paragraph 3 of Article 1! [Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the ...
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Would the federal decriminalization of marijuana under the MORE act supersede state-level criminal statutes?

Bill in question I haven't been able to find a clear answer to this question. I'm aware that there exists the Supremacy Clause which says that state laws cannot contradict federal laws. Another way of ...
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Can a pardon be issued clandestinely?

Say there exists some individual who is in danger of prosecution for federal crimes, though it's not yet certain what the exact charges will be, nor even whether the indictment will be made at all. ...
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Compensation for gays charged under sodomy laws after Lawrence v Texas

I’m not an American or legally trained, but I’m wondering if there has ever been any compensation awarded to homosexuals fined under sodomy laws, after those laws were found to be unconstitutional. My ...
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Does the sixth amendment entitle me to know who called the county on me for a code violation?

Is my accuser the person who petitioned the county to investigate a code violation?
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Can the US Congress subpoena witnesses for any arbitrary reason?

This question was prompted by the headline on October 15, 2020 that the Senate Judiciary Committee will vote on whether to subpoena the CEO of Twitter for suppressing certain political content. This ...
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Is the typo in the 25th amendment significant?

The fourth section of the 25th amendment to the US constitution provides for the president to be declared unfit involuntarily. The first of its two paragraphs describes the declaration itself, made ...
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569 views

Could the 14th amendment, section 3, keep Trump from holding office for a second term?

It seems widely agreed upon that even if a President breaks a law, he can only be removed from office through the impeachment process. However, could an incumbent president who wins a second term be ...
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67 views

Who succeeds to a political party's presidential candidacy if the candidate withdraws before the election?

If a president and simultaneously a presidential candidate Trump would have to quit before the November vote the remainder of his presidency would of course be assumed by Pence, his VP and running ...
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83 views

Can the Speaker of the House expel senators from the Hall of the House before all electoral votes have been counted?

A recent article in The Atlantic 1 goes through some rather dire hypothetical scenarios in which constitutional crises arise during the upcoming Presidential elections. One of their scenarios ...
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Can the US Senate be abolished without unanimous consent of the States?

Article V of the US Constitution states, in part: and that no State, without its Consent, shall be deprived of its equal Suffrage in the Senate. It has been suggested elsewhere that abolishing the ...
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The phrase "by and with the [Advice and] consent of the Senate is defined once in the U.S. Constitution

The constitution introduces the phrase "by and with the advice and consent of the Senate" and clarifies that "consent" means "provided 2/3 of the Senators present concur"...
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How can the US House of Representatives transition to be elected by proportional representation? Would editing "PL 2 USC 2c" work?

Here is context for my question: I am a student studying political science. I am researching policy that could be used to dismantle the stranglehold that the Democratic and Republican parties have on ...
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Has there been a SCOTUS case which clarified the meaning of the phrase "to promote the progress of science and useful arts"?

The US constitution article 1 section 8 gives the Congress an enumerated power "to promote the progress of science and useful arts, by securing for limited times to authors and inventors the ...
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Who becomes President if no candidate for President or for Vice-President has been selected at noon, January 20th?

The Twentieth Amendment to the Constitution , Article 3, deals with the situation where no President or Vice President has qualified on January 20. Section 3 If, at the time fixed for the beginning ...
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How Do States [Arizona] Amend the Federal Constitution?

How do states (specifically Arizona) amend the United States federal constitution? How do states amend the federal constitution without permission/cooperation from the US federal congress? What is the ...
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Could a US state allow non-citizens to vote in presidential elections?

On July 30th, President Trump suggested in a tweet that the US presidential election should be delayed due to COVID impeding in-person voting. Every news article I've read since (Vox, Slate, ...
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Are curfew-like warrants possible?

I understand that curfew laws are a concern due to the possibility of use of them to violate the constitutionally protected rights of individuals. Even in the face of pandemic-level health concerns, ...
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Can the government outlaw excessive spending on defense counsel?

Suppose a jurisdiction in the United States wanted to pass a law limiting the amount of money that a defendant could spend on counsel, to try to prevent a very wealthy person from assembling a dream ...
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Does "district" in the Sixth Amendment include state judicial districts?

The Sixth Amendment refers to: "an impartial jury of the state and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law" ...
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fortune-telling a NY crime, is it a dead letter?

Fortune-telling for pay is a misdemeanor in New York State if "he claims or pretends to tell fortunes, or holds himself out as being able, by claimed or pretended use of occult powers, to answer ...
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Is US citizenship confirmation required for constitutional protection

I've been watching a lot of 1st Amendment audit videos and I understand that filming in public is guaranteed to any US citizen. I also understand that if no crime is committed, no US citizen cannot be ...
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159 views

Changing the name of one of the United States

Does the law have anything clear to say about changing the name of a state in the United States? What I know is: Maybe a couple of decades ago there was discussion in North Dakota of changing the ...
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Where is Arizona's [and other states] timezone defined?

Where is the timezone defined for Arizona? Is it in the Arizona constitution? Is it in Arizona Revised Statutes? Is it in the United States constitution? Is it in the United States Code? Where is ...
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Can the US President and Senate redefine the calendar year to extend the presidential term?

I was recently watching a video about what would happen if the US president tried to cancel or postpone the election. From what I gather, the 20th amendment ensures that his term will end on January ...
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Under McCulloh vs Maryland can the Feds do anything?

Under McCulloh vs Maryland (The Bank of United States case) which held that the supremacy clause precludes state taxation of Federal functions; can States and localities enforce traffic rules against ...
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975 views

Executive Powers In The United States

Recently, Trump placed a travel ‘ban’ on non-citizens of the US and people from some other countries without direct relations with citizens of the US from travelling to the US during the pandemic. ...
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Are there any restrictions on the taxes or duties a U.S. state can levy?

The U.S. Constitution's "Commerce Clause" (Article I, Section 8) grants the federal government authority to regulate interstate commerce. The same section contains the "Taxing and Spending Clause" ...
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Freedom of speech vs freedom of the press

Are there any substantial legal distinctions between the First Amendment's right of freedom of speech compared to freedom of the press? I'm specifically looking for any distinctions officially drawn ...
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Are open letters protected by freedom of speech? Any court precedents?

I would like to know if there is legal precedent protecting the freedom of speech in distributing an open letter or something similar. A friend owns a unit in a condominium, and since day one she has ...
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106 views

Has the selective draft been tested constitutionally and how has it been defended as being fair gender discrimination?

This question is related to this one. What is the history of the selective draft and how has it's constitutionality been tested and defended? It is not as if women cannot be drafted, it is the case ...
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What is the Constitutional justification for Federal gun possession laws?

The US Constitution reserves to the states all powers not expressly delegated to the Federal government. What is the Constitutional provision that allows for Federal laws such as the law that felons ...
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Does impeachment conviction necessarily imply removal from office?

The relevant bits of Article 1 Section 3 state that: Judgment in Cases of Impeachment shall not extend further than to removal from Office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy any Office of ...
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Can’t Justice Roberts even veto unusual hours for impeachment trial?

Granted that the Senate sets all the important rules for the trial, John Roberts is still the presiding officer. I would have thought he has more authority than a court stenographer has. Since there’s ...
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Can an impeachment charge be dismissed on the grounds of double jeopardy?

Two impeachment articles were drafted by the House and then sent to the Senate Abuse of Power Obstruction of Congress. Now say the senate looks at the original articles and underlying evidence and ...
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Are US Senate impeachment convictions reviewable by the Supreme Court

Alan Dershowwitz argues that a conviction of any President by the US Senate would be unconstitutional under certain circumstances. Please see his book and his television interviews for those certain ...
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Why isn't stalling an impeachment considered an obstruction of justice?

First and foremost, is it correct to consider the process of impeachment and removal, in the US Constitution, a process of justice, but one administered in a political context? (That is, the opposite ...
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What prevents the DOJ from charging Democrats in Congress under U.S. Code § 2383?

18 U.S. Code § 2383 states Whoever incites, sets on foot, assists, or engages in any rebellion or insurrection against the authority of the United States or the laws thereof, or gives aid or ...
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Consequences of Article VI, Clause 1 of the U.S. Constitution and the 11th Article of Confederation

Article VI, Clause 1 of the Constitution of the United States, known as the Engagements Clause, says: All Debts contracted and Engagements entered into, before the Adoption of this Constitution, ...
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Does the concept of fairness and due process apply only to the defendant or to the prosecution as well?

"Fairness" isn't mentioned in the constitution but due process is and I would think typically applies to a defendant - someone who has been accused of a crime. But is there a concept where the ...
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Can articles of impeachment be repealed?

Suppose the House of Representatives of the United States impeaches a federal officer such as the president or a federal judge, etc. Can they repeal that act before the Senate tries the case?

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