9

Given there was no answer here, I will state what I know about child abuse response, but note I am not a lawyer nor am I in Illinois, so my statements are likely generalized for most US states (individual laws vary by state, and I reside in Pennsylvania). In most US states, the police and child/youth services (that's what it's called in Pennsylvania but all ...


8

That definition still applies, at least in federal law. Under 18 USC 2256: “child pornography” means any visual depiction ... indistinguishable from that of a minor engaging in sexually explicit conduct But the First Amendment limits its applicability in cases like Sabrina. In Ashcroft v. Free Speech Coalition, 535 U.S. 234 (2002), the Supreme Court held ...


8

There are many countries / states / provinces in North America, each with their own laws on this subject, so this question is potentially quite broad. I will focus on the United States. To this day, it is legal in all 50 US states for a parent to strike a child as a means of discipline ("corporal punishment"), but laws generally include a requirement that ...


7

Australia For an alternative jurisdiction (Australia) see https://aifs.gov.au/cfca/publications/corporal-punishment-key-issues. I quote: In most states and territories, corporal punishment by a parent or carer is lawful provided that it is carried out for the purpose of correction, control or discipline, and that it is "reasonable" having regard to: ...


6

At least one court has found that unnecessary surgeries are child abuse. Quoting from Is Circumcision Legal? by Peter W Adler (I recommend this article to you, it goes into common law and Constitutional law around surgeries). I think that we should not be distracted by the definition of abuse adopted by the court (risk of death, impairment of function etc) ...


6

The US child porn law is Chapter 110 of Title 18. It refers to a "minor", defined as anyone under 18. Sexually explicit conduct is defined, which you can read about. Regarding distribution (not production), 18 USC 2252 (A)(1) identifies as an offender anyone who knowingly transports or ships using any means or facility of interstate or foreign commerce ...


4

In New South Wales, Australia this would make you a sex offender and, if convicted, put you on the sex offender's register for life. It doesn't matter if the child pornography is of you and it doesn't matter that you are now an adult and can give consent - the fact is that it is child pornography and the distribution of that is a crime under the Crimes Act ...


4

In 2017 Illinois changed its law so that criminal charges for child abuse have no statute of limitations, and can be prosecuted as long as the accused is alive. This applies to all such crimes that occur after the new law was passed, and to all prior crimes on which the previous statute of limitations had not yet expired. See this news story on the change ...


4

Under the Dutch Civil Code article 1:245, "All minor children are subject to authority". Article 1:247 says that "Parental authority comprises the duty and right of the parent to care for and raise his minor child". This basically means that parents have the right to exercise authority over their children (until age 18). Art. 1:249 says that: A minor ...


3

There is a federal law, 18 USC 2252, which criminalized distribution and receiving of child porn. One part of the law addresses a person who (1) knowingly transports or ships using any means or facility of interstate or foreign commerce or in or affecting interstate or foreign commerce by any means including by computer or mails, any visual ...


3

In the US, the details are determined at the state level. The term "abandonment" is used very broadly, and can include a situation where a parent leaves a child without making contact for a period of time (which may result in termination of parental rights, but not a punishment). "Abandonment" as it applies in Washington state is explained here. There is ...


3

Yes, it's legal. To be illegal, the photographs would have to be obscene or pornographic. Nude people, ordinarily photographed, doing non-sexual, non-excretory things are neither. However, I would strongly advise caution, particularly if you plan to display or share these photographs. There are definitely cases of people who have been charged with sexual ...


3

18 U.S. Code § 2252 defines a crime and punishment for knowingly transporting, or reproducing for distribution by any means, visual depictions involving the use of a minor engaging in sexually explicit conduct. Here are some sample jury instructions that rephrase this and give definitions for each of these terms. Here are some others (at p. 469). This law ...


3

The police only get involved with criminal matters. So when your question assumes police involvement, the logical conclusion is the host parents allegedly committed some crime. If that were the case, let's say the crime were something like child abuse, criminal negligence or abandonment of a minor. Then the prosecutor's office and/or CPS (Child Protective ...


3

There appears to be no "oppressive child labor" occurring and therefore no breach of labor laws. The definition of oppressive child labor expressly excludes employment by "a parent or a person standing in place of a parent" except in identified hazardous occupations; gardening not being one of those. Notwithstanding, schooling in California is compulsory ...


2

The federal law Fair Labor Standards Act sets 14 as the minimum age for employment, requiring the work to be during non-school hours, up to 3 hours a day on a school day. However, under Work Experience and Career Exploration Program, minors age 14-15 can be employed during school hours. If the child has been expelled or excused from school. Bear in mind that ...


2

How is the school forcing the child? If it's part of the uniform code then that is a condition of the contract between the school and the child's parents; a contract they freely entered into. If the parent's want the child to attend then they can force the child to have the haircut; or withdraw them from the school. The parent's have every right to dictate ...


2

In this article, we can read that the convicted was handicapped, and this contributed to his surprisngly mild sentence. Moreover, he was sentenced to registering as a sex offender. From the article: Boota was sentenced to a community order with two years’ supervision and ordered to sign the Sex Offenders’ Register. He was made subject to a Sexual ...


2

In a case like this I would consider creating a Parenting Plan to cover details around visitation and communication and advance notice issues. Create the plan to be fair, and include specifics (like using email, and specifying the addresses). Petition the court to accept the parenting plan as it is necessary for effective co-parenting of the child. ...


2

Parents have a legal obligation to care for their minor children: it is illegal to harm a child through action or inaction. State law and associated welfare programs are complex: you can start here. If surgery is medically necessary, her insurance should cover it. If her parent do not have medical insurance, they still have the obligation of care; though ...


2

You are 500km away and you neither intend to do her harm, nor are you personally doing her harm. You are not an accomplice by any means. You may, appropriately, feel a moral obligation to do as much as you can to help, but not doing everything that you wish you could does not make you an accomplice.


1

If there was a civil custody proceeding, where non-parent was awarded custody from parents (not a matrimonial custody dispute), and the grounds for awarding/stripping custody was child abuse by the parents (meaning that the court found the abuse to be a fact), does that necessarily mean that the parents would be prosecuted for child abuse as a ...


1

As a non US citizen you can certainly file a report with Tumblr, a US-based company. And the post you mention would appear to violate US law, at very least. But there is no way to guarantee that that kind of post will be investigated as a criminal manner or anyone formally charged; chances are very good the Tumbler account was opened under a fake name, the ...


1

It may or may not be illegal, but it also may be damaging to the child, and in that case somebody might be taken to a civil court for well-deserved damages. I'm hoping someone will tell us what crime this would be most likely (I'd say it would be an assault on the child), and then you might convince the police to investigate and collect evidence free of cost ...


1

States which do not have a specific statute prohibiting false reports of child abuse, may have more general statutes whichg prohibit "filing a false report", "Providing flase information during an investigation". or "lying to an investigator" or some similar offense. Also, such a false report might be defamatory. Knowledge of the specific state laws would ...


1

Jurisdiction: Ohio. What charges might this kid face? Let's deal with each individually. Possession of Child Pornography Based on the facts contained in your narrative, the suspect is guilty of possession of child pornography. Here is the relevant code statute. (2907.323 Illegal use of minor in nudity-oriented material or performance.) There might or ...


1

Specifically on: Doesn't the United Kingdom have a minimum sentence for sexual child abuse? Firstly, that is rather like asking "Doesn't the USA and Canada have a minimum sentence for sexual child abuse?" The United Kingdom is not a single jurisdiction, and the laws are different. Secondly, if we restrict ourselves to Doesn't England and Wales have ...


1

Having read the same article as you, I was similarly surprised. However, having done a little bit of case research on The Law Pages - I recommend looking there for any judgements you can't find elsewhere, a free account is all you need for the most part - I found the notes on the case. You may need an account to view this page, but it might be of interest to ...


Only top voted, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible