Presidential pardons only deal with breaches of Federal law. So, if the punishment is a fine then that penalty is waived. However, if the fine is punishment for breach of state law, the pardon does not touch it - he would need a pardon from the relevant state Governor(s).
Anthony Levandowski is not being punished with a fine, he was punished with a ...
It is currently legal to barter goods or services in exchange for gold or silver bullion in the United States.
Gold and silver do not have to be registered or certificated, although a prudent person would usually seek evidence confirming their authenticity and it would be common practice to keep gold and silver in a repository such as a bank or Fort Knox, ...
According to the DoJ,
A commutation may include remission (release) of the financial obligations that are imposed as part of a sentence, such as payment of a fine or restitution. A remission applies only to the part of the financial obligation that has not already been paid.
The Brookings Institute offers a slightly different (more detailed) opinion.
If a ...
Let’s say I go to a cash machine, ask for £100, and the machine gives me £10,000. I use my banking app and see that £100 left my account, not £10,000.
At this point I haven’t done anything illegal. If I asked for another £100 and got £10,000 again, that might be illegal.
But the extra £9,900 are not mine. They are the bank’s money. If I try to keep it, that ...
It is common place for major official actions, not just checks but also, for example, governmental buildings, to note the politicians who implemented law or enacted them at the time. This practice is not forbidden by any law or election-related regulation.
There is a strong political norm as a matter of political etiquette that checks from the government be ...
There are two "cancellations" here. There is a contract between the customer and the company. This contract was ended. Also, as part of GDPR obligations, the data of the former customer was removed.
Now the "credit" part suggests a pre-paid phone, which are often described as "no contract". Legally this is incorrect. There is a ...
You did not specify the jurisdiction. In many jurisdictions, the user is required to cooperate with the correction of the mistake.
If the user uses a banking API to withdraw money, and through a bug the proper account balance is not immediately shown, then the bank needs to correct the display. That's not "confiscation" but the fix of a display ...
You find a wallet on the ground with $10,000 and a driver’s licence in it. If you keep it, is this a crime?
In almost all jurisdictions the answer is, yes.
Same fact situation except you find it electronically.
The pardon power is granted by Article 2 of US Constitution:
The President ... shall have Power to grant Reprieves and Pardons for Offenses against the United States, except in Cases of impeachment.
The pardon power
include the power to grant pardons, conditional pardons, commutations
of sentence, conditional commutations of sentence, remissions of ...
The details vary between jurisdictions, but in essence "legal tender" is a set of rules to stop people playing silly buggers over debts.
You mention one variety of silly buggers: paying a large debt in small coins, thereby forcing the creditor to waste time sorting and counting, and also setting up for arguments later over how much was actually ...
Legal tender means that if someone wins a judgment against you in court that they have to accept it as satisfaction of the debt, which they don't for other kinds of property like land and chickens and cows and steaks.
Likewise, the government has to accept it as payment of taxes, while they don't have to accept other kinds of property.
Not a pardon, but when Trump granted a commutation to former Detroit mayor Kwame Kilpatrick, the order left intact his $4.7 million federal restitution obligation, and his 3-year term of supervised release.
From the Detroit Free Press article.
Read your contract
If they can get overpaid money back will be in there and how they go about doing it will be in there too. Probably.
If it isn’t, then the default rule is that if I overpay you, I’m entitled to change.
There are statutory limits on how long I have to commence legal action to recover a debt - 6-7 years is typical but statutes of limitations ...